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Pengaruh Pembatasan Asupan Makan Wanita Obesitas Pre-Menopause Terhadap Kadar Trigliserida Dan Status Resistensi Insulin

*Fika Shafiana Nadia  -  Magister Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Desti Ambar Wati  -  Magister Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Muflihah Isnawati  -  Jurusan Gizi, Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes, Semarang, Indonesia
Muhammad Sulchan  -  Departemen Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Diana Nur Afifah  -  Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembatasan makanan terhadap kadar trigliserida dan status resistensi insulin pada wanita obesitas pre-menopause dengan menggambarkan karakteristik responden berdasarkan usia dan aktivitas fisik. Rancangan penelitian pre-post randomized control group design pada 20 orang wanita obesitas pre-menopause yang diberikan perlakuan pembatasan asupan makan isokalori 30 kkal/kgBB/hari. Uji Indeks Massa Tubuh atau IMT, asupan makan, kadar trigliserida dan status resistensi insulin sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji paired samples test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan signifikan terhadap IMT; asupan energi; asupan protein; asupan lemak; kadar trigliserida, dan status resistensi insulin namun tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan terhadap asupan karbohidrat sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Kesimpulannya, pembatasan asupan berpengaruh terhadap penurunan kadar trigliserida dan status resistensi insulin.

Restriction effect on Eating Intake of Pre-Menopausal Obese Women against Triglyceride Levels dan Insulin Resistance Status


This study aims to determine the influence of food restriction on triglyceride levels and insulin resistance status in pre-menopause obese women by describing the characteristics of respondents based on age and physical activity. Pre-post randomized control group design was used as experimental study using 20 pre-menopause obese women. The participants received the restriction of their intake as 30 kcal/kgW/day. The Body Mass Index or BMI, food intake, triglyceride levels and insulin resistance were tested before dan after the treatment using test paired samples test. The results showed that there was significant differences on BMI; energy intake; protein intake; fat intake; triglyceride levels, dan insulin-resistance status but there was no significant difference on carbohydrate intake at before and after treatment. The study concluded that intake restriction resulted in the decrement of triglyceride levels and insulin resistance status.

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Keywords: isokalori; asupan makan; obesitas; kadar trigliserida; status resistensi insulin; isocalori; food intake; obesity; triglyceride levels; insulin resistance;

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