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Pengaruh Pemberian Cookies Galohgor terhadap Kadar Vitamin A ASI Ibu Nifas

Ibnu Malkan Bakhrul Ilmi  -  Program Studi Ilmu Gizi, Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran, Jakarta, Indonesia
*Rimbawan Rimbawan scopus  -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
Katrin Roosita scopus  -  Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia
Zakiudin Munasir scopus  -  Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Anak, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian cookies galohgor terhadap kadar β-karoten dan retinol ASI ibu nifas. Penelitian ini menggunakan quasi-experimental design yang terdiri atas dua kelompok, yaitu kelompok kontrol (n=9) dan kelompok intervensi (n=9). Kelompok intervensi diberikan cookies galohgor 4 keping ~ 40 g/ hari, sedangkan kelompok kontrol diberikan cookies dengan jumlah yang sama namun cookies tersebut tanpa penambahan galohgor. Pemberian cookies dilakukan selama 40 hari pascamelahirkan. Sampel ASI diambil pada hari ke-14 dan hari ke-40 untuk dianalisis kadar β-karoten dan retinol ASI. Analisis konsumsi pangan juga dilakukan bersamaan dengan pengambilan sampel ASI. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan pada kadar β-karoten dan retinol ASI antara kelompok kontrol dan intervensi, baik pada hari ke-14 maupun hari ke-40 pascamelahirkan (p>0,05), akan tetapi pemberian cookies galohgor relatif dapat mempertahankan kadar β-karoten ASI selama masa nifas. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini menyimpulkan cookies galohgor dapat menjadi sumber β-karoten ASI.

Effect of Galohgor Cookies on Vitamin A Content in Breast Milk of Postpartum Mothers

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze the effect of galohgor cookies on β-carotene and retinol in breast milk of postpartum mothers. This study used quasi-experimental design consisting of two groups, the control group (n = 9) and the intervention group (n = 9). The intervention group was given galohgor cookies (4 pieces ~ 40 g / day), while the control group was given cookies without galohgor as many as the intervention group. Cookies were given for 40 days after giving birth. Breast milk samples were taken on the 14th day and 40th day to analyze β-carotene and retinol content in breast milk along with the interview of food consumption. The results showed β-carotene and retinol content in breast milk did not differ significantly between the groups, both on the 14th day and the 40th day after giving birth (p>0.05). However, galohgor might maintain the β-carotene concentration in breast milk. Therefore, as conclusion, galohgor cookies may be provided as the source of β-carotene in breast milk.

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Keywords: ASI; β-karoten; cookies galohgor; ibu nifas; retinol; β-carotene, breast milk, galohgor cookies, postpartum mother, retinol
Funding: Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan (LPDP) Kementerian Keuangan Republik Indonesia

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