Potensi Yogurt Rosella Probiotik Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 atau Lactobacillus fermentum B111K dalam Mengasimilasi Kolesterol

Asti Yosela Oktaviana -  Program Studi Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia
Irma Isnafia Arief -  Departemen Teknologi Hasil Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia
*Irmanida Batubara -  Departemen Kimia, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia
Received: 8 Jun 2018; Published: 30 Aug 2018.
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Section: Artikel Penelitian (Research Article)
Language: EN
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Abstract

Yogurt rosella susu kambing merupakan susu kambing fermentasi menggunakan bakteri stater “Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan Streptococcus thermophilus” serta ditambah ekstrak bunga rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L). Bakteri Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 dan Lactobacillus fermentum B111K digunakan sebagai probiotik pada pembuatan minuman yogurt rosella. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengevaluasi karakteristik dan kemampuan yogurt rosella probiotik dengan menggunakan L. plantarum IIA-1A5 dan L. fermentum B111K dalam mengasimilasi kolesterol secara in vitro dengan lama penyimpanan berbeda. Perlakuan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah P1 : Yogurt dengan bakteri L. bulgaricus dan S. thermophilus, P2 : Yogurt rosella dengan L. bulgaricus dan S. thermophilus,  P3 : Yogurt rosella dengan bakteri L. bulgaricus, S. thermophilus dan L. plantarum IIA-1A5,  P4 : Yogurt rosella dengan bakteri L. bulgaricus, S. thermophilus dan L. fermentum B111K. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bakteri L. plantarum IIA-1A5 dan L. fermentum memberikan pengaruh nyata (P<0.05) terhadap nilai viskositas, aktivitas air, total asam tertitrasi (TAT) selama penyimpanan 15 hari. Penggunaan bakteri L. plantarum IIA-1A5 dan L. fermentum B111K tidak memberikan pengaruh yang nyata (P>0.05) terhadap nilai total bakteri asam laktat (BAL) tetapi lama penyimpanan 15 hari memberikan pengaruh nyata (P<0.05). Karakteristik fisik, kimia dan mikrobiologi yogurt rosella probiotik Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 dan Lactobacillus fermentum B111K selama penyimpanan 15 hari masih baik dan layak untuk dikonsumsi. Selama penyimpanan 15 hari yogurt rosella probiotik Lactobacillus fermentum B111K (YRPF) memiliki potensi mengasimilasi kolesterol tertinggi dengan kolesterol terasimilasi sebesar 4.59 µg/ml dan persentase kolesterol terasimilasi sebesar 15.7%.

Potency of Yogurt Roselle Probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 or Lactobacillus fermentum B111K in Assimilating Cholesterol

Abstract

Yogurt roselle milk goat is fermented milk goat using starter bacteria "Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus" probiotic bacteria added with rosella flower extract (Hibiscus sabdariffa L). The Lactobacillus plantarum IIA-1A5 and Lactobacillus fermentum B111K bacteria are used as probiotics in the manufacture of functional beverages of rosella yogurt. The objective of the study was to evaluate the characteristics and abilities of probiotic rosella yogurt by using L. plantarum IIA-1A5 and L. fermentum B111K in assimilating cholesterol by in vitro analysis with different storage times. Treatment conducted in this research was P1: yogurt with L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus bacteria, P2: Yogurt with L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus bacteria, P3: Yogurt with bacteria L. bulgaricus, S. thermophilus and L. plantarum IIA-1A5 bacteria, P4: rosella yogurt with stater bacteria and L. fermentum B111K. The results showed that L. plantarum IIA-1A5 and L. fermentum had significant effect (P <0.05) on viscosity, water activity, total titrated acids (TAT) during 15 days storage. The use of L. plantarum IIA-1A5 and L. fermentum B111K bacteria did not give significant effect (P> 0.05) to the total value of lactic acid bacteria (BAL) but 15 days storage time gave significant effect (P <0.05). Physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of yogurt roselle probiotic L. plantarum IIA-1A5 and yogurt roselle probiotic L. fermentum B111K for 15 days storage are still good and feasible for consumption. During the 15 day storage of probiotic yogurt rosella L. fermentum B111K (YRPF) has the potential to assimilate the highest cholesterol with assimilated cholesterol by 4.59 μg/ml and the assimilated cholesterol percentage of 15.7%

 

Keywords
yogurt rosella., probiotic bacteria., storage time., characteristic., cholesterol assimilation

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