Protein Content in Snake Fruit Cultivar Pondoh (Salacca edulis Reinw.) with Aseptic Condition in Room Storage

Yulian Dwi Anggraeni Puspa Handoko -  Food Technology Department, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
*Ahmad Ni'matullah Al-Baarri -  Food Technology Department, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Anang Mohamad Legowo -  Food Technology Department, Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
Mulyana Hadipernata -  Center of Agricultural Post-Harvest Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia
Wisnu Broto -  Center of Agricultural Post-Harvest Research and Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Bogor, Indonesia
Received: 19 Feb 2019; Revised: 14 Mar 2019; Accepted: 15 Apr 2019; Published: 2 May 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 Yulian Dwi Anggraeni Puspa Handoko, Ahmad Ni'matullah Al-Baarri, Anang Mohamad Legowo, Mulyana Hadipernata, Wisnu Broto
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Abstract

Snake fruit is a type of tropical fruit with high market demand, however it is easily damaged and approximately ± 7 days at room temperature of shelf life. After 3 days of harvest, quality of snake fruit has decrease in chemical components, such as color, hardness, and proximate. The decline in the quality may also be caused by microbial contamination. This study aimed to determine the protein content of snake fruit during storage at room temperature under aseptic condition. This study was done in storage temperature of 25±5ºC and carried out at 3 times repetition. The protein content of snake fruit was observed for 3 days. The results showed that protein content of snake fruit at the beginning of storage were about 0.5%. Then, the protein content decreased until undetectable by the Kjeldahl method on the third day of storage. As conclusion, the three days of decrease in the protein content could be determined.

Other format:

Keywords
snake fruit; hypoiodous; protein; Kjeldahl

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Summary Research
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 3 2
  1. Al-Baarri, A.N., Legowo, A.M., Siregar, R.F., Utami, T., Adi, C.W.C, Rachmantyo, A., Pradhana, F.L. 2016. Tomato Leaf Peroxidase and its Application for Antibacterials. The mold I, Indonesian Food Technologists, Semarang.
  2. Al-Baarri, A.N., Legowo, A.M., Widayat, W., Abduh, S.B.M., Hadipernata, M., Wisnubroto, Ardianti, D.K., Susanto, M.N., Yusuf, M., Demasta, E.K.. 2018. Determination hypoiodous acid (HIO) by peroxidase system using peroxidase enzyme. IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science 116: 1-4. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/116/1/012043.
  3. Altunkaya, A., Gokmen, V. 2009. Effect of various inhibitors on enzymatic browning, antioxidant activity and total phenol content of fresh lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Journal of Food Chemistry 107: 1173-1179. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.09.046.
  4. Antarlina, S.S. 2009. Identify the physical and chemical properties of local Kalimantan fruits. Germplasm Bulletin 15 (2): 80-90.
  5. Arif, A.B., Diyono, W., Syaefullah, E., Suyanti, S., Setyadjit, S. 2014. Optimization of cempedak (Artocarpus champeden) fruit ripening methods. Agricultural Informatics 23 (1): 35-46.
  6. Astuti, I., Karina, S., Dewiyanti, I. 2016. Analysis of the content of lead heavy metals in Crassostrea cucullata oysters on the coast of Krueng Raya, Aceh Besar. Unsyiah Fisheries Marine Scientific Journal 1 (1): 104-113.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Production of Snake fruitFruits. Central Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik. Accessed from www.bps.go.id. (Accessed on 25 January 2019).
  8. Bafort, F., Parisi, O., Perraudin, J.P., Jijakli, M.H. 2014. Mode of action of lactoperoxidase as related to its antimicrobial activity. Review Article Enzyme Research 1-13. DOI: 10.1155/2014/517164.
  9. Bakhtra, D.D.A., Zulharmita, Z., Pramudita, V. 2017. Determination of zinc content in pharmaceutical preparations using complexometry methods and atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Journal of Pharmacy Higea 7 (2): 181-189. ISSN: 2541-3554.
  10. Dewi, N.K., Kiswardianta, R.B., Huriawati, F. 2016. Utilization of seagrass as raw material for liquid organic fertilizer. Proceeding Biology Education Conference 13 (1): 649-652. ISSN: 2528-5742.
  11. Djaelani, M.A. 2018. The quality of Japanese quail eggs (Coturnix coturnix japonica L.) based on egg ph variables, egg protein content and egg white index after washing and stored for a certain time. Anatomy and Physiology Bulletin 2 (1): 26-30. DOI: 10.14710/baf.2.1.2017.26-30.
  12. Elfita, L. 2014. Analysis of profile of protein and amino acids of swallow's nest (Collocalia fuchiphaga) from Painan. Journal of Pharmacy and Clinical Science 1 (1): 27-37. DOI: 10.25077/jsfk.1.1.27-37.2014.
  13. Hakim, L., Setiawan, B.H. 2014. Utilization of aphrodisiac snake fruit as a production medium for Nata de salacca in Banjarnegara Regency. Journal of Media Agrosains 1 (1): 1-4.
  14. Handajanti, H., Hastuti, S.D., Sujono, S. 2013. The use of various organic acids and lactic acid bacteria on the nutritional value of fish waste. Journal of Aquatic, Coastal and Fisheries Sciences 2 (3): 126-132. DOI: 10.13170/depik.2.3.968.
  15. Hartini, E. 2014. Contamination of pesticide residues in melons (case study on farmers in Penawangan District). Journal of Public Health 10 (1): 96-102. DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v10i1.3075.
  16. Indriani, F., Sutrisno, E., Sumiyati, S. 2013. Study of the effect of adding fish waste on the process of making liquid fertilizer from cow urine to macronutrient content. Journal of Environmental Engineering 2 (2): 1-8.
  17. Li, L., Luo, Z., Huang, X., Zhang, L., Zhao, P., Ma, H., Liu, X. 2015. Label-free quantitative proteomics to investigate strawberry fruit proteome changes under controlled atmosphere and low-temperature storage. Journal of Proteomics 120: 44-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2015.02.016.
  18. Makiyah, M., Sunarto, W., Prasetya, A.T. 2015. Analysis of the level of NPK liquid waste fertilizer with the addition of Thitonia diversivolia plants. Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science 4 (1): 20-25. ISSN: 2252-6951.
  19. Marlina, L., Purwanto, Y.A., Ahmad, U. 2014. Application of chitosan and beeswax coating to increase the shelf life of snake fruit. Journal of Agricultural Engineering 2 (1): 65-72. ISSN: 2338-8439.
  20. Masfufah, A., Supriyanto, A., Surtiningsih, T. 2015. The effect of giving biofertilizer at various fertilizer doses and different planting media on the growth and productivity of tomato plants (Lycopersicon esculentum) in polybags. Journal of Biological Scientific 3 (1): 1-11.
  21. Nur, M. 2012. Effect of packaging methods, type of packaging material, and storage time on chemical, microbiological, and organoleptic properties of milkfish (Chanos chanos). Journal of Agricultural Product Technology & Industry 14 (1): 1-11. DOI: 10.23960/jtihp.v14i1.1%20%20-%2011.
  22. Palupi, T., Ilyas, S., Machmud, M., Widajati, F. 2012. Effect of coating formula on viability and vigor and the shelf life of rice seeds (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Indonesian Agronomy 40 (1): 21-28. DOI: 10.24831/jai.v40i1.14255.
  23. Pratiwi, R., Lestari, F.B., Widianto, D. 2015. Utilization of snake fruit waste as a substrate of Nata de salacca through the application of biotechnology in Dusun Tegal Domban, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement 1 (1): 39-52. DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.16937.
  24. Sabarisman, I., Suyatma, N.E., Ahmad, U., Taqi, F.M. 2015. Nano coating application based on pectin and zno nanoparticles to maintain the freshness of snake fruit. Journal of Food Quality 2 (1): 50-56. ISSN: 2355-5017.
  25. Sakti, H., Lestari, S., Supriadi, A. 2016. Changes in the quality of cork fish (Channa striata) smoke during storage. Journal of Fishery Products Technology 5 (1): 11-18. ISSN: 2302-6936.
  26. Setyawati, H., Purba, A.B.P., Anggorowati, D.A. 2013. The increased protein content of young jackfruit leaves. Journal of Chemical Engineering 7 (1): 17-21.