The Importance of Rural Social Productive Space to Increasing the Social Capital of Agro-business Community in Agropolitan Area

*Deden Syarifudin orcid  -  Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Universitas Pasundan, Indonesia
Riza Fathoni Ishak  -  Department of Industrial Engineering, Universitas Pasundan, Indonesia
Received: 11 Sep 2019; Published: 30 Apr 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan

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Section: Research Articles
Language: EN
Statistics: 211

Agropolitan area is a concept of functional area based on agricultural production which requires a certain population density as capital for the productivity of rural areas with the condition of urban utility with social infrastructure/social space. Weak social capital makes the agropolitan area growth slow. This is the impact of unplanned productive social space as a vehicle for the growth of social capital that is implemented into regional plans. However social interaction activities occur when the social infrastructure is built and results in productivity of space, production and multiphase inheritance for the sustainability of agribusiness activities. The study aims to identify the importance of productive social space in the form of social infrastructure to increase social capital in the agropolitan area. The method used is a case study, seeing and observing social processes that occur from time to time, supported by depth interviews. The results shows that a typology of social capital is not formed instantly but contains a long history over time due to the repetition of interaction between communities in social spaces that are not technically constructed and unplanned in the agropolitan area spatial plan. This productive space is a place to build social closeness through repetition of interaction, sharing, knowledge transfer, equalization of perceptions involving residents and collaboration between individuals and groups. The productive spaces in the form of social infrastructure consist of mosques, sports spaces, markets, community meeting rooms (village meeting bale), business group rooms and farmer groups. Therefore, the plan document must consider the functioning of social spaces and adaptive social spaces based on IT connections (cafes, sports clubs, open spaces, meeting bale, mosque grounds) into agropolitan space planning.

Keywords: spatial integration; social capital; social space; trust

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