Model Indeks Kualitas Air Tanah sebagai Dasar Penentuan Alternatif Jenis Tanaman Pertanian pada Lahan Irigasi Air Tanah di Kabupaten Mojokerto

*Hari Siswoyo orcid scopus  -  Jurusan Teknik Pengairan, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Pitojo Tri Juwono scopus  -  Jurusan Teknik Pengairan, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Mohammad Taufiq  -  Jurusan Teknik Pengairan, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Received: 13 Feb 2019; Published: 30 Apr 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language: ID
Statistics: 619
Abstract

The utilization of groundwater potential for irrigation has consequence for the high operational and maintenance costs of groundwater irrigation systems. One solution to these problems is the selection of high economic value crop types cultivated in groundwater irrigation lands. This study aims to determinate the alternative of types of agricultural crops that can be cultivated on groundwater irrigation land based on the quality of groundwater used as irrigation water based on the procedure: determination of groundwater quality index for irrigation, determination of types of agricultural crops based on criteria for tolerance to salt, adjustment of types of crop that have been determined with the criteria of high economic value crops, and adjustment to the types of crops that have been commonly cultivated by farmers in the local area. This procedure can be used as a solution to the absence of guidelines that can be used to determine alternative of types of agricultural plants on groundwater irrigation land. The results of this research showed the potential of ground water used as a source of irrigation water in the study site was dominated by groundwater with an index value of 70-85, where agricultural crops that could be recommended for planting were tolerant crops, moderately tolerant crops, and moderately sensitive crops to salt. The index value of groundwater quality for irrigation was mapped so obtained that zoning model of groundwater quality for irrigation and its suitability for the type of agricultural crops that can be cultivated.

Keywords: agricultural crops; groundwater; irrigation; water quality

Article Metrics:

  1. Abdulhady, Y., Zaghlool, E., & Gedamy, Y. (2018). Assessment of the groundwater quality of the quaternery aquifer in reclaimedareas at the northwestern el-minya governorate – egypt, using the water quality index. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 9(1), 23033–23047. doi: 10.24327/ijrsr.2018.0901.1385
  2. Al-Mussawi, W. H. (2014). Assessment of groundwater quality in Umm Er Radhuma aquifer (Iraqi Western Desert) by integration between irrigation water quality index and GIS. Journal of University of Babylon, 22(1), 201–217.
  3. Ayers, R. S., & Westcot, D. W. (1994). Water quality for agriculture (FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 29 Rev. 1). Rome.
  4. Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika (BMKG) Stasiun Klimatologi Malang. (2018). Peta tingkat ketersediaan air tanah bulan juli tahun 2018 Jawa Timur. Mojokerto: Badan Meteorologi Klimatologi dan Geofisika, Stasiun Klimatologi Malang.
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Kabupaten Mojokerto. (2016). Kabupaten Mojokerto dalam angka 2016. Mojokerto.
  6. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Kabupaten Mojokerto. (2017). Kabupaten Mojokerto dalam angka 2017. Mojokerto: Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Mojokerto.
  7. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur. (2014). Potensi pertanian Provinsi Jawa Timur, analisis hasil pendataan lengkap sensus pertanian 2013. Surabaya.
  8. Badan Standarisasi Nasional. (2008). Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) 6989.58:2008 tentang air dan air Limbah – bagian 58: Metoda pengambilan contoh air tanah. Jakarta.
  9. Golden Software. (2002). Surfer–user’s guide, contouring and 3D surface mapping for scientists and engineers. Colorado.
  10. Haryono, E., Santoso, D., Sumarni, H., & Indrakusuma, H. I. (2009). Kriteria pengembangan dan pengelolaan irigasi air tanah. Jakarta: Direktorat Irigasi, Direktorat Jenderal Sumber Daya Air, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum.
  11. Khalaf, R. M., & Hassan, W. H. (2013). Evaluation of irrigation water quality index IWQI for Al-Dammam confined aquifer in the west and southwest of Karbala city, Iraq. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 2(3), 21–34.
  12. Khan, D., Mona, A. H., & Iqbal, N. (2014). Groundwater quality evaluation in Thal Doab of Indus basin of Pakistan. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 4(1), 36-47.
  13. Kodoatie, R. J. (1996). Pengantar hidrogeologi (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Andi.
  14. Lesch, S., & Suarez, D. (2009). Technical note: A short note on calculating the adjusted SAR index. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 52(2), 493-496. doi: 10.13031/2013.26842
  15. Maia, C. (2012). Proposal for an index to classify irrigation water quality: A case study in Northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 36(3), 823–830. doi;10.1590/S0100-06832012000300013.
  16. Meireles, A. C. M., Andrade, E. M. de, Chaves, L. C. G., Frischkorn, H., & Crisostomo, L. A. (2010). A new proposal of the classification of irrigation water. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 41(3), 349–357. doi: 10.1590/S1806-66902010000300005
  17. Omran, E. S. E., Ghallab, A., Selmy, S., & Gad, A. A. (2014). Evaluation and mapping of water wells suitability for irrigation using GIS in Darb El-Arbaein, South Western Desert, Egypt. International Journal of Water Resources and Arid Environments, 3(1), 63–76. Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Evaluation-and-Mapping-Water-Wells-Suitability-for-Omran-Ghallab/d3cac8f61e3c39094af27c2ef670bd4488875569.
  18. Poespowardoyo, S. (1984). Peta hidrogeologi Indonesia: sheet X–Kediri skala 1:250.000. Bandung: Direktorat Geologi Tata Lingkungan.
  19. Riduwan, & Sunarto. (2007). Pengantar statistika untuk penelitian pendidikan, sosial, ekonomi, komunikasi, dan bisnis (Cetakan 7). Bandung: Alfabeta.
  20. Singh, V., & Khare, M. C. (2008). Groundwater quality evalution for irrigation purpose in some areas of Bhind, Madhya Pradesh (India). Journal of Environmental Research And Development, 2(3). Retrieved from http://www.jerad.org/ppapers/dnload.php?vl=2&is=3&st=347.
  21. Siswoyo, H. (2018). Identifikasi tingkat kerentanan akuifer terhadap pencemaran di Kecamatan Sumobito Kabupaten Jombang dengan menggunakan metode GOD. Jurnal Sains dan Edukasi Sains, 1(2), 1–6. doi: 10.24246/juses.v1i2p1-6
  22. Siswoyo, H., Agung, I. G. A. M. S., Swantara, I. M. D., & Sumiyati. (2016). Determination of groundwater quality index for irrigation and its suitability for agricultural crops in Jombang Regency, East Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR), 9(5), 62–67.
  23. Siswoyo, H., Juwono, P. T., & Taufiq, M. (2018). Potensi bahaya salinitas dan bahaya alkalinitas sumber daya air tanah untuk irigasi di Kabupaten Mojokerto. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Terapan Politeknik Negeri Balikpapan 2018 (Vol. 3, pp. 109–115). Balikpapan.
  24. Todd, D. K. (1980). Groundwater hydrology (2nd edition). John Wiley and Sons.
  25. Usman, H., & Akbar, P. S. (2006). Pengantar statistika edisi kedua. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
  26. Wilcox, L. V. (1955). Classification and use of irrigation waters. U.S. Department of Agriculture.