Optimization On Subcritical Fluid Extraction Of Zingiberene

*Vita Paramita -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mohamad Endy Yulianto -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Indah Hartati -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Udin Bahrudin -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
RTD Wisnu Broto -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 7 Jan 2019; Revised: 15 Jan 2019; Accepted: 28 Jan 2019; Published: 30 Jan 2019; Available online: 30 Jan 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Journal of Vocational Studies on Applied Research

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Optimization of Subcritical Fluid Extraction in Zingiberene
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Abstract
The establishment of subcritical fluid application for zingiberene extraction was studied by employing water as a green solvent. The zingiberene content was observed by using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrofotometry and regarding to the independent variable of temperature, extraction time, ginger-solvent ratio and aging time. By applying subcritical water, the critical value of zingiberene content obtained was 0.036%.  This value was approached by the surface modeling of alpha for rotatability design which performed at 125  C, 20 min of extraction time, 0.08 of ginger to solvent ratio and 9 min of aging time of extraction parameters. The surface modeling was validated by plotting the observed and predicted value of zingiberene content and evidenced by the value of R-square at 0.76.

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