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Partisipasi Masyarakat dan Kapasitas Kepemimpinan dalam Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19 di DKI Jakarta

*Rif'atul Mahmudah  -  Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Johanna Debora Imelda  -  Departemen Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2021 JIIP: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0.

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Abstract
Partisipasi masyarakat merupakan hal penting untuk keberlanjutan sebuah kebijakan. The World Health Organization (WHO) merekomendasikan partisipasi masyarakat dalam penanganan pandemi Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) yang menyebar ke seluruh dunia. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan dengan pendekatan kualitatif dengan melakukan wawancara informan yang terlibat dalam penanganan Covid-19 di DKI Jakarta untuk mendapatkan data primer. Adapun data sekunder diperoleh dengan melakukan studi literatur. Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan mengenai partisipasi masyarakat dalam penanganan Covid-19 yang di antaranya dalam bentuk Satuan Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19. Selain itu, peneliti juga mengidentifikasi kapasitas kepemimpinan yang dibutuhkan dalam mewujudkan partisipasi. Kapasitas yang dibutuhkan adalah kapasitas dalam membangun komunikasi dua arah, melakukan pembagian tugas dan menghadirkan kerelawanan. Persoalan kapasitas ini penting karena merupakan salah salah satu isu dalam partisipasi di berbagai tempat di dunia.
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Keywords: Covid-19, partisipasi masyarakat, kapasitas, kepemimpinan

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