Pengaruh Urbanisasi Terhadap Penurunan Kemiskinan di Indonesia

*Zara Hadijah  -  Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Mohammad Isnaini Sadali orcid scopus  -  Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Received: 6 Jul 2020; Published: 31 Dec 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.8.3.%25p
Metode Penelitian "Pengaruh Urbanisasi Terhadap Penurunan Kemiskinan di Indonesia"
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Abstract

Urbanization and poverty are two important aspects that closely related to the sustainable development goals. Urbanization in Indonesia has not been able to improve the welfare of the migrants as well as the destination places of urbanization. Every 1% growth of urbanization in Indonesia can only increase 4% of GDP per capita. The low economic benefits resulted from urbanization in Indonesia, in the end only turn the rural poor into urban poor. The study aims to analyze the effect of urbanization on poverty reduction in Indonesia, both in the regional aggregate and at the rural and urban levels as the origin and destination places of urbanization. This study used secondary data of population and poverty from Population Census (SP), the Inter-Census Population Survey (SUPAS), and the National Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS). Data analysis was performed using regionalization techniques, Primacy Index, Lorenz Curve, Geographic Information System (GIS), and simple linear regression. The results showed that the rate of urbanization had a positive relationship with per capita income and the population of urban poor, whereas the rate of urbanization had a negative relationship with the population of rural poor. Every time there is an increase in the variable percentage of urban population by 1 unit, the average GRDP/capita variable will increase 0.466. Then followed by an increase in the average variable of urban poor population of 0.447 and a reduction in the average variable of rural poor population of 0.705.


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Keywords: poverty; regression; sustainable development; urbanization
Funding: Zara Hadijah, Gadjah Mada University, Department of Regional Development; Muhammad Isnaini Sadali, Gadjah Mada University, Regional Development

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