Studi Kelayakan Sumber Daya Air Baku Pulau Bintan – Tinjauan Aspek Kuantitas dan Kualitas

*Dyah Marganingrum scopus  -  Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI), Indonesia
Nyoman Sumawijaya  -  Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI), Indonesia
Arief Rachmat  -  Pusat Pemanfaatan dan Inovasi IPTEK, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI), Indonesia
Received: 18 Oct 2019; Published: 30 Apr 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.8.1.15-35 View
Copyright Transfer Agreement
Subject
Type Copyright Transfer Agreement
  Download (646KB)    Indexing metadata
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

Citation Format:
Abstract

The raw water feasibility is based on three aspects, such as quantity, quality, and continuity. This study aims to assess the feasibility of raw water on Bintan Island in quantity and quality terms The method used is a comprehensive analysis of hydrological and hydrogeological functions and water quality. The result of study shows that rainwater abundance in study location is not optimally stored as ground water due to limited catchment area and storage capacity of aquifer media which are dominated by rock units with low to moderate graduation rates (80%). The hydrogeology of study site is also dominated by local low productivity aquifer areas (70%) which are indicated by shallow aquifer layers. Therefore, the existence of reservoirs or storage is very important. The calculations results in 2017 show that raw water production of PDAM Tirta Kepri is 3,521,855 m3/year. While the community needs on Bintan Island in the same year amounted to 7,957,803 m3/year. Quality aspect analysis shows that the quality of well is lightly polluted (WQI = 0.59), while surface water is moderately polluted (WQI = 1.01). The parameter that gives the difference from two sources is iron content. Gibbs diagram analysis results show the weathering process by rainwater which erodes the land surface of bauxite mine and dissolves iron and flows along with runoff and into reservoirs. The potential for high iron pollution will increase often as Bintan Island is designated as a Special Economic Zone. Industrial and service activities will trigger acid rain which will cause a decrease in the value of rain pH and the process of dissolving iron on rocks and soil surfaces will increase.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Keywords: aquifer; Gibb’s diagram; quantity; quality; reservoir

Article Metrics:

  1. Adisasmita, R. (2013). Pembangunan kawasan dan tata ruang. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
  2. Apriadi, T., & Ashari, I. H. (2018). Struktur komunitas fitoplankton pada kolong pengendapan limbah tailing bauksit di Senggarang, Tanjungpinang. Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera: A Scientific Journal, 35(3), 145–152. doi: 10.20884/1/mib.2018.35.3.761
  3. Arsad, S. (2010). Konservasi tanah dan air-edisi kedua. Bogor: IPB Press.
  4. Aryani, R., & Apriadi, T. (2018). Inventory of epiphytes aquatic microfungi in pond of tailing bauxite in Tanjungpinang, Bintan Island, Riau Islands Province. Omni-Akuatika, 14(3), 106–111. doi: 10.20884/1.oa.2018.14.3.595
  5. Budiyanto, F., Arbi, U. Y., & Suratno. (2019). Risk assessment on mercury concentration in six edible mollusks from Bintan Island, Indonesia. In International Conference on Biology and Applied Science (ICOBAS) (p. 040009). AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.5115647
  6. Duvendack, M., Palmer-Jones, R., Copestake, J. G., Hooper, L., Loke, Y., & Rao, N. (2011). What is the evidence of the impact of microfinance on the well-being of poor people? London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London.
  7. Effendi, H. (2003). Telaah kualitas air: Bagi pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
  8. Erfandi, D. (2017). Pengelolaan lansekap lahan bekas tambang: pemulihan lahan dengan pemanfaatan sumberdaya lokal (in-situ). Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 11(2).
  9. Hardiansyah, R. (2016). Analisis implementasi kebijakan pulau bintan sebagai Free Trade Zone (ftz) terhadap investasi di Bintan. Jurnal Benefita: Ekonomi Pembangunan, Manajemen Bisnis & Akuntansi, 1(3), 163–176. doi: 10.22216/jbe.v1i3.882
  10. Hem, J. . (1989). Study and interpretation of chemical characteristics of natural waters (No. Paper 2254, 3rd ed.).
  11. Irawan, A. B., & Yudono, A. R. A. (2014). Studi kelayakan penentuan tempat pemrosesan akhir sampah (Tpa) di Pulau Bintan Propinsi Kepulauan Riau. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 12(1), 1–11.
  12. Marganingrum, D. (2013). Manajemen sumberdaya air terpadu “Waduk Saguling” dalam rangka pengembangan SPAM regional KSN Cekungan Bandung. Institut Teknologi Bandung.
  13. Marganingrum, D., Rusydi, A. F., Santoso, H., Makhfuddin, D., Wijaya, D. P., & Nur, W. H. (2010). Konsep pengurangan kemiskinan berdasarkan analisis kemiskinan air. In Prosiding Geoteknologi LIPI (pp. 110–134).
  14. Marganingrum, D., & Sudrajat, Y. (2018). Estimasi daya dukung sumber daya air di Pulau Kecil (Studi kasus Pulau Pari). Jurnal Wilayah Dan Lingkungan, 6(3), 164. doi: 10.14710/jwl.6.3.164-182
  15. Masterson, J. P., Fienen, M. N., Thieler, E. R., Gesch, D. B., Gutierrez, B. T., & Plant, N. G. (2013). Effects of sea-level rise on barrier island groundwater system dynamics – ecohydrological implications. Ecohydrology, 7, 1064–1071. doi: 10.1002/eco.1442
  16. Meirinawati, H., & Muchtar, M. (2017). Fluktuasi nitrat, fosfat dan silikat di perairan Pulau Bintan. Jurnal Segara, 13(3). doi: 10.15578/segara.v13i3.6493
  17. Mensah, A. K. (2015). Role of revegetation in restoring fertility of degraded mined soils in Ghana: A review. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 7(2), 57–80. doi: 10.5897/IJBC2014.0775
  18. Narulita, I., Djuwansyah, M.R. Sumawijaya, N. Marganingrum, D., Ningrum, W., & Rahayu, R. (2018). Adaptasi dan mitigasi pengelolaan sumberdaya air terhadap pertumbuhan penduduk dan perubahan iklim di Pulau Kecil: Studi kasus Pulau Bintan. Bandung: LIPI Press.
  19. Notodarmojo, S. (2005). Pencemaran tanah dan air tanah. Bandung: ITB Bandung.
  20. Ochir, A., & Davaa, G. (2011). Application of index analysis to evaluate the water quality of the Tuul River in Mongolia. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 336050, 398–414. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.36050
  21. Prasetyo, B. H., & Suriadikarta, D. A. (2006). Karakteristik, potensi, dan teknologi pengelolaan tanah ultisol untuk pengembangan pertanian lahan kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 25(2), 39–46.
  22. Putra, R. D., Apriadi, T., Suryanti, A., Irawan, H., Said Raja’I, T., Yulianto, T., … Koenawan, C. J. (2018). Preliminary study of heavy metal (Zn, Pb, Cr, As, Cu, Cd) contaminations on different soil level from post-mining bauxite production for aquaculture. E3S Web of Conferences, 47, 02008. doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20184702008
  23. Ravikumar, P., Somashekar, R. K., & Prakash, K. L. (2015). A comparative study on usage of Durov and Piper diagrams to interpret hydrochemical processes in groundwater from SRLIS river basin, Karnataka, India. Elixir International Journal, 80, 31073–31077.
  24. Rusli, S., & Fauzielly, L. (2016). Groundwater quality study of bauxite mining area, Bintan Land – Riau Islands Province. IJSRST, 2(6), 248–352.
  25. Sallata, M. K. (2017). Pentingnya aplikasi teknik konservasi air dengan metode struktur fisik di Wilayah Hulu DAS. Buletin Eboni, 14(1), 47–62. doi: 10.20886/buleboni.5095
  26. Santoso, D. H. (2015). Kajian daya dukung air di Pulau Bintan, Provinsi Kepulauan Riau. Jurnal Sains & Teknologi Lingkungan, 7(1), 1–17. doi: 10.20885/jstl.vol7.iss1.art1
  27. Sembiring, S. (2008). Sifat kimia dan fisik tanah pada areal bekas tambang bauksit di Pulau Bintan, Riau. Info Hutan, 5(2), 123–134.
  28. Setiady, D., & Faturachman, F. (2004). Tipe granit sepanjang pantai timur laut Pulau Batam dan pantai barat Pulau Bintan, Perairan Selat Batam. Jurnal Geologi Kelautan, 2(2), 9–14. doi: 10.32693/jgk.2.2.2004.109
  29. Setiady, D., & Faturachman, F. (2016). Tipe granit sepanjang pantai timur Pulau Batam dan Pantai Barat Pulau Bintan, Perairan Selat Batam Bintan. Jurnal Geologi Kelautan, 2(2).
  30. Silvia, A. ., & Safriani, M. (2018). Analisis potensi pemanenan air hujan dengan teknik rainwater harvesting untuk kebutuhan domestik. Jurnal Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Teuku Umar, 4(1), 62–73.
  31. Sukiyah, E., Isnaniawardhani, V., Sudradjat, A., & Erawan, F. (2018). The geologic potentials of Riau Islands Province and its development design. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5(3), 181–190. doi: 10.22437/ppd.v5i3.4554
  32. Tjasyono, B., & Bannu, B. (2003). Dampak enso pada faktor hujan di Indonesia. Jurnal Matematika Dan Sains, 8(1), 15–22.
  33. Trenberth, K. E., Caron, J. M., Stepaniak, D. P., & Worley, S. (2000). The evolution of ENSO and global atmospheric temperatures. J. Geophys. Res. Atmospheres. Retrieved from http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/cas/papers/jgr2001b/jgr2.html.
  34. Utomo, E. ., Marganingrum, D., Rusydi, A. ., Purwoarminta, A., & Ningrum, W. (2017). Rancang bangun pengelolaan sumberdaya airtanah untuk pengurangan risiko kekeringan akibat peningkatan cuaca ekstrim (perubahan iklim) di pulau-pulau kecil. Bandung.

Last update: 2021-01-27 16:50:12

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-01-27 16:50:13

No citation recorded.