Assessment of Public Compliance with Development Control Regulations in Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria

*Daniel Nosakhare Onaiwu  -  University of Benin, Nigeria
Received: 26 Sep 2019; Published: 31 Oct 2020.
Copyright Transfer Agreement
Type Copyright Transfer Agreement
  Download (643KB)    Indexing metadata
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Citation Format:


The compliance of urban residents with development control regulations makes it possible for cities to be well structured for physical, aesthetic, and economic developments. The study focused on the assessment of public compliance with development control in Auchi. A sample of 378 residents of Auchi were used in the study. The study area was divided into six strata and samples selected from the strata based on their population sizes. The instrument was a 5-point Likert-type option, which was administered on the respondents. The findings revealed that there was a low compliance with development control standards in Auchi. There was awareness of developers on compliance but did not translate into compliance. The building coverage specified by development control regulations was grossly violated. There was a medium correlation (0.55) between education and level of noncompliance; the variability of development control noncompliance in the six quarters of Auchi was statistically significant, and the eta squared effect was also large. It was recommended that the town planning regulations should be reassessed for a better practical effect; monitoring of developments to encourage compliance should be strengthened; and town planning manuals should be used in monitoring and controlling developments.

Key words: Compliance, development control, enforcement, plot coverage, setbacks.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Keywords: Compliance, development control, enforcement, plot coverage, setbacks.

Article Metrics:

  1. Adedibu (1995). The essence and scope of development control in Development Control within the Urban and Regional Planning Law, Decree No; 88 of 1992, Workshop Organized by the Nigerian Institute of Town Planning
  2. Alnsour, J., & Meaton, J. (2009). Factors affecting compliance with residential standards in the city of Old Salt, Jordan. Habitat International, 33(4), 301–309. doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.08.003
  3. Arimah, B. C., & Adeagbo, D. (2000). Compliance with urban development and planning regulations in Ibadan , Nigeria. Asian Social Science Journal 24, 279–294.:
  4. Boamah, N. A. (2013). Land use controls and residential land values in the Offinso South Municipality, Ghana. Land Use Policy, 33, 111–117.
  5. Dissanayake, L. (1987). Effectiveness of development control system for the City of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Working Papers No:36
  6. Eapen, V. (2007). Floor area ratio: its implications in Kerala context, Proceedings of Economic Development Record, 9(2) 13-20
  7. Fekade, W. (2000). Cities of formal urban land management and informal responses under rapid urban growth, an international perspective, 24, 127–150
  8. Gyau, K., Awuah, B., & Hammond, F. N. (2014). Determinants of low land use planning regulation compliance rate in Ghana. Habitat International, 41, 136-142. Retrieved in June 08, 2018 from
  9. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) (2008). Determining sample size. University of Florida, http:edis,infasufuedu/PD006#TABLE_1
  10. Jimoh, B.A., Al Hasan, A.Z., Imimole, W.O., & Ahmed, M, B, (2017). Contravention of development control measures in Auchi, Edo State. Applied Science Reports, 20, 1, 30-34
  11. Koech, K.C (2001) Problem of development control in urban centres in Kenya : A case study OF kericho municipality, A Masters in Urban Planning Thesis Submitted to the University of Nairobi, Kenya
  12. Kombe, W. J. (2005). Land use dynamics in peri-urban areas and their implications on the urban growth and form: the case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Habitat International, 29(1), 113–135
  13. Ngetich J.K, Opata G.P, Mulongo L.S.(2014). A study on the effectiveness of urban development control instruments and practices in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS) 5,2, 71 - 86
  14. Ogundele F.O (2011) .Challenges and prospects of physical development control: A case study of Festac Town, Lagos Nigeria. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations Vol 5,4, 174-178
  15. Okosun, A.E (2000) The contravention of development control in Benin City. A master degree thesis in Urban and Regional Planning of the University of Nigeria, Nnsuka
  16. Olajuyigba, A.C. and Ratowa (2011).Optimizing Physical Planning in the Developing Countries. A Case Study of Ondo State, Nigeria.Vol.4. No 4,August 2011
  17. Omuta, G.E.D and Onokerhoraye, A.G. (1985) Urban systems and planning. The Geography and Planning Series of Study Notes. University of Benin, Benin City
  18. Osinbajo, Y. (2004) Problems and prospect of development control. Paper presented at the 2004 Annual Delegates Conference of the Nigerian Bar Association Held at the International Conference Centre, Abuja 22 to 27 August, 2004
  19. Rakodi, C. (2003). Politics and performance: the implications of emerging governance arrangements for urban management approaches and information systems. Habitat International, 27(4), 523–547
  20. Sarkheyli, E. (2012). An investigation for the reasons for non-compliance with FAR regulations in Tehran. Cities 29(2012) 223-233
  21. Thomas, D. (2001). The importance of development plans/ land use policy for development control, Prepared for the USAID/OAS Post-Georges Disaster Mitigation Project, Workshop for Building Inspectors. < pgd/document/BITC/papers/dthomas.htm>

Last update: 2021-04-20 20:44:47

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-04-20 20:44:48

No citation recorded.