Building a Community Adaptive Capacity Model: A Case Study of the Tanjungmas Sub-District in Semarang Municipality

*Intan Hapsari Surya Putri  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Rukuh Setiadi  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 22 Aug 2019; Published: 29 Feb 2020.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Citation Format:
Abstract
Climate change has pushed communities to make continued adjustments in various aspects of their life in order to adapt and survive. Adaptive capacity is a key concept in understanding this context. Although a number of researches in the discipline of social sciences have examined the meanings and categories of adaptation capacity, the extent to which this knowledge is used in the field of physical geography has not been adequately studied. Most studies on adaptive capacities within this discipline are focused largely on measuring the level or status of adaptation capacity (i.e. high, medium, or low) in a given region. Moreover, these studies have typically interpreted adaptation capacity as rigid and static. Thus, it sets the same index for all adaptive capacity categories. Sometimes it provides a varied index, but it does not give adequate consideration to the actual condition influencing adaptation capacity (i.e. the characteristic of adaptation goals, actors, resources, and etc.). With a case study approach focused in Tanjungmas Sub-district, this study aims to build a conceptual model which connects overall adaptive capacity categories using qualitative methods. We interviewed 18 key persons including sub-district officers, community leaders, women associations, and other local organisation members. This model may help researchers in the area of physical geography to conceptualize adaptation capacities and to establish an index that more accurately reflects local conditions following additional brief field assessments.
Keywords: adaptive capacity; climate adaptation; community level analysis

Article Metrics:

  1. ACCRA. (2012). The ACCRA local adaptive capacity framework (LAC). Ethiopia
  2. Adger, W. N., Conde, C., O’Brien, K., Pulhin, J., Pulwarty, R., Smit, B., & Takahashi, K. (2007). Assessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints and capacity. In Climate Change 2007: Working Group III: Mitigation of Climate Change (pp. 717–744). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
  3. BPS Kota Semarang. (2019). Kecamatan Semarang Utara dalam angka 2019. Semarang: BPS Kota Semarang
  4. Brooks, N., Adger, W. N., & Kelly, P. M. (2005). The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications for adaptation. Global Environmental Change, 15(2), 151–163. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.12.006
  5. De Silva, S. S., & Soto, D. (2009). Climate change and aquaculture: potential impacts, adaptation and mitigation. In K. Cochrane, C. De Young, D. Soto, & T. Bahri (Eds.), Climate change implications for fisheries and aquaculture: overview of current scientific knowledge (pp. 156–212). FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 530, Rome: FAO
  6. Fitriawati, & Suroso, D. S. A. (2017). Identification of fishermen household’s adaptive capacity in responding to climate change impacts. The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development, 2(1), 19–26. doi: 10.14710/ijpd.2.1.19-26
  7. Füssel, H. M. (2007). Adaptation planning for climate change: Concepts, assessment approaches, and key lessons. Sustainability Science, 2(2), 265–275. doi: 10.1007/s11625-007-0032-y
  8. Gallopín, G. C. (2006). Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 293–303. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.02.004
  9. Hansen, H. S. (2010). Modelling the future coastal zone urban development as implied by the IPCC SRES and assessing the impact from sea level rise. Landscape and Urban Planning, 98(3–4), 141–149. doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2010.08.018
  10. Hogarth, J. R., & Wójcik, D. (2016). An evolutionary approach to adaptive capacity assessment: A case study of Whitehouse, Jamaica. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 248–259. doi: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.12.005
  11. IPCC. (2007). Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. (M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. van der Linden, & C. E. Hanson, Eds.). Cambridge, UK
  12. IPCC. (2014). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Working Group III Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107415416
  13. Kumalasari, N. R. (2014). Kapasitas adaptasi terhadap kerentanan dan bencana perubahan iklim di Tambak Lorok Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, 10(4), 476–487. doi: 10.14710/pwk.v10i4.8173
  14. Peñalba, L. M., & Elazegui, D. D. (2011). Adaptive capacity of households, community organizations and institutions for extreme climate events in the Philippines. EEPSEA Research Reports (Vol. 3)
  15. Perdana, T. (2015). Dampak perubahan iklim terhadap nelayan tangkap. Universitas Diponegoro
  16. Plummer, R., & Armitage, D. (2007). A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: Linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world. Ecological Economics, 61(1), 62–74. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.025
  17. Purifyningtyas, H. Q., & Wijaya, H. B. (2016). Kajian Kapasitas adaptasi masyarakat pesisir pekalongan terhadap kerentanan banjir rob. Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan, 4(2), 81. doi: 10.14710/jwl.4.2.81-94
  18. Seara, T., Clay, P. M., & Colburn, L. L. (2016). Perceived adaptive capacity and natural disasters: A fisheries case study. Global Environmental Change, 38, 49–57. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.01.006
  19. Sietchiping, R. (2006). Applying an index of adaptive capacity to climate change in north-western Victoria, Australia. Applied GIS, 2(3), 16.1-16.28. doi: 10.2104/ag060016
  20. Smit, B., & Wandel, J. (2006). Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 282–292. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.03.008
  21. Vincent, K. (2007). Uncertainty in adaptive capacity and the importance of scale. Global Environmental Change, 17(1), 12–24. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.11.009
  22. Wall, E., & Marzall, K. (2006). Adaptive capacity for climate change in Canadian rural communities. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 11(4), 373–397. doi: 10.1080/13549830600785506
  23. Zikra, M., & Lukijanto. (2015). Climate change impacts on Indonesian Coastal Areas. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 14, 57–63. doi: 10.1016/j.proeps.2015.07.085

Last update: 2021-04-18 18:09:00

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-04-18 18:09:02

No citation recorded.