PEMBATASAN PERKEMBANGAN PERMUKIMAN KAWASAN PINGGIRAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENGENDALIAN PERKEMBANGAN KOTA SEMARANG

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.19.4.306-319

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 03-11-2017
Published: 14-11-2017
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

The need to settle is a basic need of people that must be fulfilled. The weakness of law enforcement and public awareness on the spatial planning implicate the emergence of settlement areas in various locations that are less suitable for its allocation. The settlements in Semarang are growing very fast and tending to be unfocused. The increase of built area especially in residential areas indicates reduced of green open space and the catchment area. This phenomenon begins to appear in the outskirts of Semarang. This study aims to examine the development of settlements that occurred during the period of 10 years in the outskirts of the city of Semarang. It includes 10 districts, further, this study used descriptive quantitative and spatial analysis. The results showed that the completeness of the factor is the most influential factor on the development of settlements. Settlements tend to develop regularly with a regular pattern. The residential development areas also occur in the catchment area and in locations that are not suitable for allotment, so that limitation efforts should be made on the development of settlements. There are still some locations that are possible for the construction of settlements in the outskirts of Semarang. The government needs to follow up this issue by providing information to the community, so that the development of settlement is in accordance with the direction of urban development

Keywords

development of settlements; suburbs, city center; city development

  1. Bitta Pigawati 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Nany Yuliastuti 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro
  3. Fadjar Hari Mardiansjah 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro
  1. Ali, M. (2012). Kajian Dampak Perubahan Tutupan Lahan Terhadap Kejadian Banjir pada Lanskap DAS Ciliwung Hilir dengan Pendekatan Sistem Dinamik. Ipb. Institut Pertanian Bogor.
  2. Bintarto. (1979). Metode Analisa Geografi. Jakarta: LP3ES.
  3. Bourne, L. S. (1982). Internal Structure of the City. New York: Oxford University Press.
  4. Budihardjo, E. (1991). Arsitektur dan Kota di Indonesia. Bandung: Alumni.
  5. Chapin, F. stuart, & Keiser, E. (1979). Urban Landuse Planning. United States America: The Board of Trustees of The University.
  6. Daldjoeni. (1987). Geografi Kota dan Desa. Bandung: Alumni.
  7. Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya.; Ikatan Ahli Perencanaan. (1998). Kamus Tata Ruang (edisi 1). Indonesia: Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya, Departemen Pekerjaan Umum bekerjasama dengan Ikatan Ahli Perencanaan Indonesia.
  8. Doxiadis, C. A. . A. (1968). Introduction To The Science Of Human Settlements-Ekistics. London: Hutchinson of London.
  9. Glaeser, Edward, L., Matthew, E., & Kahn. (2003). Sprawl and Urban Growth (IV). Massachusetts: Harvard University.
  10. Golledge, R. G. dan S. R. J. (1990). Analitycal Behavioral Geography. Routledge.
  11. Hagget, P. (1985). Geography: A Modern Synthesis. London: Harper and Row Publisher.
  12. Kostof, S. (1991). The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History. Canada: Little Brown and Company.
  13. Keputusan Menteri Permukiman dan Prasarana Wilayah No. 534/KPTS/M/2001 tentang Standar Pelayanan Minimal untuk Permukiman.
  14. Pacione, M. (1984). Rural Geography. London: Harper and Row Publisher.
  15. Pacione, M. (2005). Urban Geography: a Global Perspective (2nd Edition). London: Routledge.
  16. Pigawati, B. (2011). Penggunaan Citra Satelit Untuk Kajian Perkembangan Kawasan Permukiman Di Kota Semarang, 25(2), 140–151.
  17. Rodinelli, D. A., & Ruddle, K. (1978). Urbanization and Rural Development: A Spatial Policy for Equitable Growth. New York: Preager Publisher. New York: Preager Publisher.
  18. Rudiarto, I., Handayani, W., & Pigawati, B. (2011). Zona Peri-Urban Semarang Metropolitan : Perkembangan. Tataloka, 15(2), 116–128.
  19. Solé-Ollé, Albert, & Rico, M. H. (2010). Does Urban Sprawl Increase The Cost of Providing Local Public Services? Evidence from Spanish Municipalities. Urban Studies, 47(7), 1513–1540.
  20. Sumaatmadja, N. (1989). Studi Lingkungan Hidup. Bandung: Alumni.
  21. Undang-Undang No.26 Tahun 2007 tentang Penataan Ruang, Pub. L. No. 26, 107 (2007). Indonesia.
  22. Weng, Q. (2010). Remote Sensing and GIS Integration: Theories, Methods, and Applications. New York: McGraw-Hill Company.
  23. Wulangsari, A. (2014). Tipologi Segregasi Permukiman berdasarkan Faktor dan Pola Permukiman di Solo Baru , Sukoharjo, 10(4), 387–399.
  24. Yang, R., Xu, Q., & Long, H. (2016). Spatial distribution characteristics and optimized reconstruction analysis of China’s rural settlements during the process of rapid urbanization. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 413–424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.05.013
  25. Yunus, H. S. (2008). Dinamika Wilayah Peri Urban. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
  26. Zee, D. Van Der. (1979). Human Geography of Rural Settlement and Population. Enchesde: ITC.