DAYA DUKUNG LAHAN DALAM PERENCANAAN TATA RUANG WILAYAH (STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN BLITAR, JAWA TIMUR)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.19.4.266-279

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 14-07-2017
Published: 31-10-2017
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

Land carrying capacity is important to be considered in spatial planning. This study was aimed to evaluate the land carrying capacity of the spatial planning of Blitar Regency using land capability evaluation. Evaluation was done by assesing the conformity between the actual land utilization and land allocation of the Official spatial planning of Blitar Regency toward the land capability. The class of land capability was evaluated for each land unit, which was combined from landforms and soil survey from the previuos research. The actual land use analysis was done by updating land use maps that have been provided by the SPOT-6 images acquired in 2015. The result showed that land capablity in Blitar Regency was consist of  class II, III, IV, VI, VII and class VIII. The area with land capablity class of II to IV which supported agricultural cultivation were only 39.0% of total area, meanwhile 61.0% of total area should not be used for agricultural cultivation (class VI to VIII). The actual land carrying capacity based on the conformity between the actual land use and land capability were only 69.662 ha (43,8%), while the land carrying capacity of planning aspect based on the conformity between the official spatial planning and land capability was reached 79.498 ha (50,0%).

Keywords

Land capability evaluation; land use planning; land utilization; Blitar Regency

  1. Iman Sadesmesli 
    Program Studi Ilmu Perencanaan Wilayah, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia


  2. Dwi Putro Tejo Baskoro 
    Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  3. Andrea Emma Pravitasari 
    Departemen Ilmu Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  1. Arsyad, S. (2010). Konservasi Tanah dan Air. Edisi Kedua Cetakan Kedua. Bogor: Serial Pustaka IPB Press.
  2. Baja, S. (2012). Perencanaan Tata Guna Lahan dalam Pengembangan Wilayah. Yogyakarta: Penerbit ANDI YOGYAKARTA.
  3. Fahimuddin, M.M., Barus, B., Mulatsih, S. (2016). Analisis Daya Dukung Lahan di Kota Baubau, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Tataloka. 18(3): 183-196
  4. Hardjowigeno, S. Widiatmaka.( 2007). Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan dan Perencanaan Tata Guna Lahan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
  5. Harjadi, B. (2007). Perhitungan Erosi Kuantitatif Metode MMF dengan PJ dan SIG di DAS Benain-Noelmina. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan. 7(2): 127-132.
  6. Johnson, B.G. and Zuleta, G.A. (2013). Land-use land-cover change and ecosystem loss in the Espinal Ecoregion, Argentina. Elsevier: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 181: 31– 40.
  7. Klingebiel, A.A. and Montgomery, P.H. (1961). Land capability classification. Agriculture Handbook, 210. Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Washington, DC. pp. 1-3.
  8. Kumar, P. (2009). Assessment of Economic Drivers of Land Use Change in Urban Ecosystems of Delhi, India. Springer Science & Business Media, 38(1): 5-9.
  9. Lillesand, T.M. and Kiefer, R.W. (1987). Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  10. Peprah, K. (2015). Land degradation is indicative: proxies of forest land degradation in Ghana. J.Degraded and Mining Management. 3(1): 477-489.
  11. Pontoh, N.K. dan Sudrajat, D.J. (2005). Hubungan Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan Dengan Limpasan Air Permukaan: Studi Kasus Kota Bogor. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota. 16(3): 44-56.
  12. Prăvălie, R., Săvulescu, I., Patriche, C., Dumitraşcu, M., Bandoc, G. (2017). Spatial assessment of land degradation sensitive areas in southwestern Romania using modified MEDALUS method. J.Catena. 153: 114-130.
  13. Ran, J. and Nedovic-Budic, Z. (2016). Integrating spatial planning and flood risk management: A new conceptual framework for the spatially integrated policy infrastructure. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. 57: 68-79.
  14. Rayes, L. (2007). Metode Inventarisasi Sumber Daya Lahan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit ANDI YOGYAKARTA.
  15. Rosca, S., Bilasco, S., Pacurar, I., Oncu, M., Negruisier, C., Petrea, D. (2015). Land Capability Classification for Crop and Fruit Product Assessment Using GIS Technology. Case Study: The Niraj River Basin (Transylvania Depression, Romania). Not Bot Horti Agrobo. 43(1): 235-242.
  16. Rustiadi, E., Saefulhakim, S., Panuju, D.R. (2011). Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Wilayah. Jakarta: Crestpent Press dan Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.
  17. Sitorus, S.R.P., Susanto, B., Hardjaja, D. (2011). Kriteria dan Klasifikasi Tingkat Degradasi Lahan di Lahan Kering (Studi Kasus : Lahan Kering di Kabupaten Bogor). Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim. 34: 66-83.
  18. You, H. (2017). Agricultural landscape dynamics in response to economic transition: Comparisons between different spatial planning zones in Ningboregion, China. Land Use Policy. 61: 316-328.