PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN INDUSTRI TELEMATIKA DALAM UPAYA MENDORONG DAYA SAING REGIONAL (KASUS KOTA CIMAHI)

*Lia Warlina -  Universitas Komputer Indonesia, Indonesia
Rifiati Safariah -  Universitas Komputer Indonesia, Indonesia
Andri Heryandi -  Universitas Komputer Indonesia, Indonesia
Received: 13 May 2017; Published: 15 Mar 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: ID
Full Text:
Statistics: 103 24
Abstract
The ICT industry is developing greatly because human dependency of information technology increases rapidly. In order to drive ICT industry competitiveness, well planned development should be carried out based on its vision. One of ICT industry cluster in Indonesia is in Cimahi City. The research objectives were to identify general characteristics of the ICT industry and its core competence, and also to acquire internal and external factors of competitiveness; and also to identify key factors that could be developed to drive regional competitiveness of ICT industry in Cimahi City. Primary data survey conducted to obtain information regarding (1) ICT industry characteristics, (2) core competence of ICT industry and (3) internal factor of competitiveness. Meanwhile, secondary data survey was conducted to obtain information regarding external factors of competitiveness. A prospective analysis was conducted to build a scenario in developing ICT industry cluster in Cimahi City. Research result showed that the core competence of ICT industry was animation, film and information system. Key factors to drive regional competitiveness of ICT industry cluster were (1) telecommunication service quality; (2) skilled labor availability; (3) responsiveness on change and innovation; (4) business ethics and (5) ICT industry regulation.
Keywords
ICT industry; regional competitiveness; Cimahi City

Article Metrics:

  1. Al Mamun, MA; NA Zayed and MS Hossain. (2013). Using Porter’s Diamond to Determine the Condition of ICT in a Developing Country: A Study on Bangladesh. International Journal of Business and Management Review. 1(3):138-150
  2. [APJII] Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia dan [Puskakom] Pusat Kajian Komunikasi Universitas Indonesia. (2015). Profil Pengguna Internet Indonesia Tahun 2014. Jakarta: APJII. http://www.apjii.or.id/read/article/statistik/305/profil-pengguna-internet-indonesia-2014.html [tanggal akses 24 Augustus 2015]
  3. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Cimahi. (2015). Cimahi dalam Angka. Cimahi: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Cimahi.
  4. Balatchandirane, G. (2007). IT Clusters in India. Discussion paper No.85. Institute of Developing Economies.
  5. Godet, M. (2000). The art of scenario and strategic planning: tools and pitfalls. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 65: 3-22.
  6. Hansen, PA & G. Serin. (2010). The European ICT Clusters- an overview of selected ICT clusters in Europe. http://rucforsk.ruc.dk/site/files/ 32956338/the_european_ict_clusters_web_0.pdf [diakses tanggal 15 Desember 2013]
  7. International Telecommunication Union (ITU). (2015). ICT Fact and Figures 2015. http://www.itu.int/en/ITUD/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFigures2015.pdf [tanggal askses 27 Juli 2015]
  8. Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian. (2011). Masterplan Percepatan dan Perluasan Pembangunan Ekonomi Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian.
  9. Lucas, M; A.Sands & DA Wolfe. 2009. Regional Cluster in Global Industry: ICT Cluster in Canada. European Planning Studies. 17 (2):189-209
  10. Martin, RL. (2013). A Study on Factors of Regional Competitiveness. University of Cambridge. http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/sources/docgener/studies/pdf/3cr/competitiveness.pdf [tanggal akses 1 Desember 2013]
  11. [Mastel] Masyarakat Telekomunikasi. (2005). Cetak Biru Telematika 2005-2015. Buku II Bidang Manufaktur.
  12. Mulyadi, D. (2013). Peningkatan Daya Saing Industri Daerah Melalui Pengembangan Pusat-pusat Pertumbuhan Industri. Rapat Kerja Kementerian Perindustrian 22 Mei 2013.
  13. Porter, M. (1990). The Competitive Advantage of Nation. Harvard Bussiness Review, March April 1990.
  14. The World Bank. (2016). The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 2015. Washington: The World Bank Publishing and Knowledge Division.
  15. World Economic Forum. (2015). The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016. Geneva: World Economic Forum