DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.19.4.280-290

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 27-04-2017
Published: 14-11-2017
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author

The existence of rural landscape is very significant in balancing the biohysical environment. The changing of landscape pattern in a rural area affects both the ecosystem and the habitat where eventually changes the human environment. Normaliazed Difference Vegetation Index/NDVI is one of the assessment that can be applied in determining the distribution of vegetation coverage. The analysis was carried out through the assessment of landsat satellite images in the year of 1990, 2010, and 2015 in three typical rural areas; coastal area, plain area, and mountain area. The result showed that coastal rural and plain rural area were the two areas that vegetation coverage significantly changed. This change is mostly found in the intermittent vegetation classification which identified as the agricultural and settlement area. While in the mountain area, the conversion was identified more on the agricultural area due to the expansion of agricultural activity to the higher area.    


rural landscape; vegetation coverage; landsat image; NDVI

  1. Iwan Rudiarto 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro
  2. Wiwandari Handayani 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro
  3. Holi Bina Wijaya 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro
  4. Pangi Pangi 
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro
  1. Bose, A. C., Viswanadh, G. K., Giridhar, M. V. S. S., & Sridhar, P. 2012. Assessment of land use land cover changes in middle Godavari (G-5) sub basin of river Godavari using RS and GIS.
  2. Chuvieco, Emilio, Cocero, David, Riaño, David, Martin, Pilar, Martı́Nez-Vega, Javier, De La Riva, Juan & Pérez, Fernando 2004. Combining NDVI and surface temperature for the estimation of live fuel moisture content in forest fire danger rating. Remote Sensing of Environment, 92, 322-331.
  3. Etter, A., McAlpine, C.A., Seabrook, L., Wilson, K.A., 2011. Incorporating temporality and biophysical vulnerability to quantify the human spatial footprint on ecosystems. Biol. Conserv. 144, 1585–1594.
  4. Lambin, E.F., Turner II, B.L., Geist, H.J., Agbola, S.B., Angelsen, A., Bruce, J.W., Coomes, O., Dirzo, R., Fischer, G., Folke, C., George, P.S., Homewood, K., Imbernon, J., Leemans, R., Li, X., Moran, E.F., Mortimore, M., Ramakrishnan, P.S., Richards, J.F., Skanes, H., Steffen, W.L., Stone, G.D., Svedin, U., Veldkamp, T.A., Vogel, C., Xu, J., 2001. The causes of land use and land-cover change: moving beyond the myths. Global Environ. Change: Hum. Policy Dimension 11, 261–269.
  5. Lillesand.T.M. dan R.W.Kiefer, 1979. Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Willey and Sons, New York.
  6. Miller, J. R. and Hobbs, R. J. 2002. Conservation where people live and work. Conservation Biology, Vol.16, pp. 330-337, ISSN 0888-8892.
  7. Naveh, Z. 2000. What is holistic landscape ecology? A conceptual introduction. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.50, pp. 7-26, ISSN 0169-2046.
  8. Naveh, Z. 2001. Ten major premises for a holistic conception of multifunctional landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.57, pp. 269-284, ISSN 0169-2046.
  9. Phillips, A. (1995). Cultural landscapes: an IUCN perspective. In: Cultural Landscapes of Universal Value Droste, B. v., Plachter, H. and Rossler, M. (Eds.), pp. 380-392, Gustav Fischer, ISBN 3-334-61022-5, Jena.
  10. Pimentel, D., Stachow, U., Takacs, D. A., Brubaker, H. W., Dumas, A. R., Meaney, J. J., O'Neil, J. A. S., Onsi, D. E. and Corzilius, D. B. 1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems: most biological diversity exists in human-managed ecosystems. BioScience, Vol.42, pp. 354-362, ISSN 0006-3568.
  11. Rudiarto, I., 2010. Spatial Assessment of Rural Resources and Livelihood Development in Mountain Area of Java: A Case from Central Java-Indonesia. Margraf.
  12. Rudiarto, I & Doppler, W 2013. Impact of land use change in accelerating soil erosion in Indonesian upland area: a case of Dieng Plateau, Central Java-Indonesia. International Journal of AgriScience, 3, 558-576.
  13. Schowengerdt, Robert A 2006. Remote sensing: models and methods for image processing, Academic press.
  14. Tong, Xiaoye, Brandt, Martin, Hiernaux, Pierre, Herrmann, Stefanie M., Tian, Feng, Prishchepov, Alexander V. & Fensholt, Rasmus 2017. Revisiting the coupling between NDVI trends and cropland changes in the Sahel drylands: A case study in western Niger. Remote Sensing of Environment, 191, 286-296.
  15. Tress, B., Tress, G. and Fry, G. 2005. Integrative studies on rural landscapes: policy expectations and research practice. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.70, pp. 177191, ISSN 0169-2046.
  16. Turner II, B.L., Skole, D.L., Sanderson, S., Fischer, G., Fresco, L.O., Leemans, R., 1997. Land use and land-cover change. Earth Sci. Frontiers 4, 26–33.
  17. Washitani, I. (2001). Traditional sustainable ecosystem 'SATOYAMA' and biodiversity crisis in Japan: conservation ecological perspective. Global Environmental Research, Vol.5, pp. 119-133, ISSN 1343-8808.
  18. Whitten, T., Soeriaatmadja, R.E. & Afiff, Suraya A. 1996. The ecology of Java and Bali, The Ecology of Indonesia Series, UK, Oxford University Press.
  19. Yoji Natori, Janet Silbernagel and Michael S. Adams. 2011. Biodiversity Conservation Planning in Rural Landscapes in Japan: Integration of Ecological and Visual Perspectives, Research in Biodiversity - Models and Applications, Dr. Igor Pavlinov (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-794-9, InTech, Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/research-in-biodiversity-models-and-applications/biodiversity-conservationplanning-in-rural-landscapes-in-japan-integration-of-ecological-and-visual.
  20. Yokohari, M., Morimoto, Y. and Nakagoshi, N. 2005. Editorial: Ecological dynamics of urban and rural landscapes in East Asia. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol.70, pp. 193-194, ISSN 0169-2046.