skip to main content

Formulation of Framework for Evacuation of Tsunami Disaster after COVID-19 Pandemic on The South Coast of Watulimo, Trenggalek

*Fadhilatus Shoimah orcid  -  Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
Fadly Usman orcid  -  Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
Septiana Hariyani orcid  -  Department of Regional and Urban Planning, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract
The research aims to identify and design the latest theory-based tsunami disaster evacuation after the COVID-19 pandemic. Analysis of temporary shelters and analysis of evacuation routes were used in research with scoring techniques and network analysis techniques. The conceptual framework related to tsunami disaster evacuation after the COVID-19 pandemic has been compiled in research and can be used as material for consideration to formulate government policies and determine contingency plans and operational plans that will be carried out in the event of a tsunami disaster following the COVID-19 pandemic. Parameters of temporary shelter variables that must be considered are building function, the number of floors, building capacity, road location, building area, distance from the beach, and building construction. The capacity of the temporary shelter before the COVID-19 pandemic was obtained from the building area divided by the minimum space requirement per person of 1.64 m2. After the COVID-19 pandemic, the minimum space requirement per person combined with a physical distance of 2 m, the total area required will be 6 m2/person. Meanwhile, the parameters of the evacuation route variables that must be considered are road width, travel time, road pavement conditions, and road class.
Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Disaster Response, Evacuation, Tsunami, COVID-19, Trenggalek

Article Metrics:

  1. Evacuation Centers became Unusable amid Japan Rain Disaster. (2020, July 13). The Japan Times, 1. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/07/13/national/14-evacuation-centers-became-unusable-amid-japan-rain-disaster/
  2. Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. (2008). Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana Nomor 4 Tahun 2008 tentang Pedoman Penyusunan Rencana Penanggulangan Bencana
  3. Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. (2012). Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana tentang Pedoman Umum Pengkajian Risiko Bencana
  4. Balram, S., & Dragicevic, S. (2006). Collaborative Geographic Information Systems: Origins, Boundaries, and Structures. In Shivanand Balram & S. Dragicevic (Eds.), Collaborative Geographic Information Systems (pp. 1–22). Idea Group Inc. http://www.idea-group.com
  5. Center, G. A. (2012). Tsunami Hazard Map Trenggalek District. http://www.gitews.org/tsunami-kit/en/id_tsunami_hazard_map_bali.html
  6. Consultants, S. D. (2007). Usulan Rambu Evakuasi Tsunami
  7. Hamzah, L., Puspito, N. T., & Imamura, F. (2000). Tsunami Catalog and Zones in Indonesia. Journal of Natural Disaster Science, 22(1), 25–43
  8. Hariyani, S., Susilo, A., Kurniawan, E. B., & Shoimah, F. (2019). Spatial Model of Coastal Community Vulnerability of Puger District to Tsunami Disaster Hazard. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 328, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/328/1/012053
  9. Ilyas, T. (2006). Mitigasi Gempa dan Tsunami di Di Daerah Perkotaan. Seminar Bidang Kerekayasaan Fatek-Unsrat, 1–23
  10. Kurniawan, E. B., Usman, F., & Hariyani, S. (2011). Strategy on Housing and Settlement Land Use Planning for Assessment Impact of Tsunami in Pacitan City of Indonesia. International Journal of …, 3(2), 767–770
  11. Mansourian, A., Rajabifard, A., Zoej, M. J. V., & Williamson, I. (2006). Using SDI and Web-Based System to Facilitate Disaster Management. Computers & Geosciences, 1–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2005.06.017
  12. Mukhopadhyay, B., & Bhattacherjee, B. (2015). Use of Information Technology in Emergency and Disaster Management. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 4(2), 101–104. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajep.20150402.15
  13. Perikanan, M. K. dan. (2011). Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan RePublik Indonesia Nomor KEP.39/MEN/2011 tentang Perubahan Atas Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor KEP.32/MEN/2010 tentang Penetapan Kawasan Minapolitan
  14. Reynolds, I. (2020, June 23). Japan Braces for Perfect Storm of COVID-19 Spreading at Flood Shelters. The Japan Times, 1. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/06/23/national/japan-coronavirus-spread-flood-shelters/
  15. Saadatseresht, M., Mansourian, A., & Taleai, M. (2009). Evacuation Planning using Multiobjective Evolutionary Optimization Approach. European Journal of Operational Research, 198, 305–314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2008.07.032
  16. Sakamoto, M., Sasaki, D., Ono, Y., Makino, Y., & Kodama, E. N. (2020). Implementation of Evacuation Measures during Natural Disasters under Conditions of the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic based on a Review of Previous Responses to Complex Disasters in Japan. Progress in Disaster Science, 100127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100127
  17. Samudro, A., Sudarsono, Utomo, H., Santoso, U., Sumaryono, A., Hardjosuwarno, S., Sukoco, B., Mulyana, A. R., Mulyanto, Subarkah, Haryono, & Kusumo, L. P. (2012). Usulan Rencana Aksi untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Mitigasi Bencana Banjir Bandang di Indonesia
  18. Shoimah, F., Rachmawati, T. A., & Usman, F. (2018). Model Spasial Kerentanan Masyarakat Kecamatan Kasembon terhadap Ancaman Bencana Letusan Gunung Kelud. Planning for Urban Region and Environment, 7(2), 47–54
  19. Suharyanto, A., Pujiraharjo, A., Usman, F., Murakami, K., & Deguchi, C. (2012). Predicting Tsunami Inundated Area and Evacuation Road based on Local Condition Using GIS. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT), 1(4), 05–11. www.iosrjournals.org
  20. Sutikno, S., Murakami, K., & Suharyanto, A. (2010). Evacuation Risk Analysis against Tsunami Hazard based on Spatial and Network Analysis on GIS. Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, June, 599–604. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.3450.8322
  21. Trenggalek, P. K. (2012). Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Trenggalek Nomor 15 Tahun 2012 tentang Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Trenggalek Tahun 2012-2032. In Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Trenggalek. Pemerintah Kabupaten Trenggalek
  22. Usman, F., Chalim, A. S., Wicaksono, A. D., & Shoimah, F. (2021). Proyeksi, Prediksi, dan Realita dalam Perencanaan di Era Pandemi COVID-19 (T. Q. Media (Ed.); First). CV. Penerbit Qiara Media. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=jZAmEAAAQBAJ&pg=PR6&lpg=PR6&dq=Proyeksi,+Prediksi,+dan+Realita+dalam+Perencanaan+di+Era+Pandemi+COVID-19&source=bl&ots=X8gZ1rBxQL&sig=ACfU3U2ydFRPxSLr_5int8V2BRlmThNCCQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjS6OKEsITwAhW1FLcAHbkxBTAQ6A
  23. Usman, F., Hariyani, S., & Shoimah, F. (2021). Perencanaan Partisipatif Tanggap Darurat Bencana Tsunami di Pesisir Selatan Watulimo, Trenggalek. TATA LOKA, 23(1), 138–150. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.23.1.138-150 Artikel
  24. Usman, F., & Murakami, K. (2011). SWOT and Shelter Plan Analysis for Mitigating Tsunami Disaster -A Case Study in Pacitan, East Java, Indonesia. Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers Ser. B3 (Ocean Engineering), 67(2), 595–600
  25. Usman, F., & Murakami, K. (2012). Study on Reducing Tsunami Inundation Energy by the Modification of Topography based on Local Wisdom. Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers Ser. B3 (Ocean Engineering), 68(2), I_66-I_71
  26. Usman, F., Murakami, K., Hariyani, S., Kurniawan, E. B., & Shoimah, F. (2019). Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Analysis on the Shore of Java Island using CADMAS/Surf Numerical Simulations. Disaster Advances, 12(2), 1–5
  27. Usman, F., Murakami, K., & Kurniawan, E. B. (2014). Study on Reducing Tsunami Inundation Energy by the Modification of Topography based on Local Wisdom. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 642–650. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.077
  28. Usman, F., Murakami, K., Wicaksono, A. D., & Setiawan, E. (2017). Application of Agent-Based Model Simulation for Tsunami Evacuation in Pacitan, Indonesia. MATEC Web of Conferences, 97, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20179701064
  29. Usman, F., & Rahim, S. E. (2017). Investigate the Effectiveness of Seawall Construction using CADMAS Surf 2D. MATEC Web of Conferences, 97, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20179701065
  30. Usman, F., Ruslin, A. M., Murakami, K., Shoimah, F., & Sari, I. C. (2020). Evacuation Road, Shelter Plan and Preparedness for Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Watulimo District, Trenggalek Regency, Indonesia. Disaster Advances, 13(4), 1–9
  31. Usman, F., & Sari, I. C. (2019). Determining the Location of Shelters for Tsunami Evacuation Based on Service Area Analysis in Paseban Village, Kencong Sub-District, Jember District. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 328, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/328/1/012039
  32. Watulimo, P. (2021a). Data Korban COVID-19 Desa Karanggandu
  33. Watulimo, P. (2021b). Data Korban COVID-19 Desa Prigi
  34. Watulimo, P. (2021c). Data Korban COVID-19 Desa Tasikmadu (p. 1). Polsek Watulimo
  35. Wu, L., Zhang, X., & Zhang, J. (2006). Capacitated Facility Location Problem with General Setup Cost. Computers and Operations Research, 33, 1226–1241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2004.09.012

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.