skip to main content

"Betterment Levy" sebagai Mekanisme "Land Value Capture" (LVC): Sebuah Kajian Konsep, Prosedur, dan Implementasi di Indonesia

*Fadila Septiandiani orcid  -  Program Studi Arsitektur, Jurusan Teknologi Infrastruktur dan Kewilayahan, Institut Teknologi Sumatera, Lampung Selatan, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Land Value Capture (LVC) yang telah diterapkan di beberapa negara memberikan pelajaran bagi negara lain untuk dapat mencari alternatif pembiayaan infrastruktur berdasarkan nilai lahan. Salah satu mekanisme LVC yang dikembangkan adalah retribusi perbaikan. Berdasarkan nilai tanah sebelum dan sesudah perbaikan, retribusi perbaikan dapat mendukung pendapatan daerah dan sumber pembiayaan infrastruktur dengan syarat-syarat tertentu yang harus dipenuhi. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk menyajikan konsep, prosedur, dan studi implementasi perbaikan retribusi di Indonesia dengan mengambil studi preseden di Kolombia dan Inggris. Dalam menjelaskan temuan, pendekatan tinjauan pustaka digunakan untuk mengumpulkan dan menganalisis hal-hal teoretis dan praktis yang melingkupi topik tersebut. Pertama, tulisan ini akan menjelaskan teori LVC secara umum, kemudian mendeskripsikan studi perbaikan retribusi secara lebih spesifik. Dibantu oleh pengalaman dari 2 negara untuk memungkinkan studi banding. Hal ini penting untuk mengetahui kelebihan dan kekurangan penerapan di kedua negara. Kedua, studi pemanfaatan di Indonesia juga akan diuraikan. Temuan makalah menunjukkan bahwa beberapa prasyarat harus dipenuhi, mulai dari data referensi, metode penilaian, niat politik pemerintah, masukan kontekstual terkait proyek, survei kapasitas pembayaran masyarakat, serta kerangka kelembagaan dan dasar hukum yang jelas.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Land Value Capture, Betterment Levy, Pembiayaan Infrastruktur

Article Metrics:

  1. Archer, R. W. (1976). The Sydney Betterment Levy, 1969-1973 : An Experiment in Functional Funding for Metropolitan Development. Urban Studies, 339-342
  2. Booth, P. A. (2012). The Unearned Increment: Property and the Capture of Betterment Value in Britain and France. The Proceedings of the 2011 Land Policy Conference (pp. 74 - 93). Massachusetts: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
  3. Bornstein, L. (2010). Mega-projects, city-building and community benefits. City, Culture and Society 1 , 199-206
  4. Brockmann, C., & Girmscheid, G. (2007). Complexity of Megaprojects. CIB World Building Congress 2007: Construction for Development (pp. 219-230). Cape Town, South Africa: ETH Zurich (Research Collection)
  5. Cervero, R. (2001). Integration of Urban Transport and Urban Planning. In E. b. Stern & Freire, The Challenge of Urban Government: Policies and Practices (pp. 407 - 427). Washington, D. C: The World Bank Institute
  6. Dogan, E., & Stupar, A. (2017). The limits of growth: A case study of three mega-projects in Istanbul . Cities 60, 281-288
  7. Economic, Political Weekly (EPW) . (1954). Betterment Levy in Advance of Betterment. Economic, Political Weekly, 551-552
  8. Gdesz, M. (2008). Betterment deduction as a form of compensation. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, Special Series, Vol. 3, 38-49
  9. George, H. (1935). Progress and Poverty, Fiftieth Anniversaty Edition. New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation
  10. Giezen, M., Bertolini, L., & Salet , W. (2015). Adaptive Capacity Within a Mega Project: A Case Study on Planning and Decision-Making in the Face of Complexity, . European Planning Studies, 23:5, 999-1018
  11. Harriss, C. L. (1972). Land Value Increment Taxation: Demise of the British Betterment Levy. National Tax Journal, 576-572
  12. Ingram, G. K., & Hong, Y.-H. (2012). Land Value Capture: Types and Outcomes. Land Policy Conference (pp. 3 - 18). Massachusetts: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy
  13. Jia, G., Yang, F., Wang, G., Hong, B., & You, R. (2011). A study of mega project from a perspective of social conflict theory. International Journal of Project Management 29 , 817-827
  14. Lohr, D. (2011). The Cambodian land market: Development, The Cambodian land market: Development,. The German Journal on Contemporary Asia, 28-47
  15. Macon, J. M., & Manon, J. (1977). Financing Urban dan Rural Development through Betterment Levies: The Latin America experience. Westport, CT: Praeger Publisher, Inc
  16. Medda, F. R., & Modelewska, M. (2009). Land Value Capture as a Funding Source for Urban Investment: The Warsaw Metro System. London: UCL QASER Lab, University College London
  17. Mill, J. S. (1885). Principles Of Political Economy, Abridged by J. Laurence Laughlin, Ph. D. New York: D. Appleton And Company
  18. Misczynski , & Hogman . (1978). WIndfall for Wipeouts. In e. Donald G. Hagman and Dean J. Misczynski, & c. Madelyn Glickfelt [and others], Windfalls for wipeouts :land value capture and compensation . Chicago: American Society of Planning Officials
  19. Murakami, J. (2015). Rail Plus Property Program, Hong Kong SAR, China. In H. Suzuki, J. Murakami, Y.-H. Hong, & B. Tamayose, Financing Transit-Oriented Development with Land Values (pp. 69-96). Washington DC: World Bank
  20. Navastara, A. M., & Navitas, P. (2012). Impact of Residential Land Development towards Land Price Dynamics in Surabaya. 11th IRSA International Congress 2012, (pp. 1-13)
  21. Ochoa, O. B. (2011). Betterment Levy in Colombia: relevance, procedures and social acceptability. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 14-19
  22. Peterson, G. E. (2009). Unlocking Land Values to Finance Urban Infrastructure. Washington DC: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/ World Bank
  23. Sukarman, H. K. (1991). Betterment Levy: An Analysis of The Current And Potential Use of Pajak Khusus Penggantian Biaya Dan Pungutan Tambahan in Jakarta, Indonesia. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  24. Suzuki, H., Murakami, J., Hong, Y.-H., & Tamayose, B. (2015). Financing Transit-Oriented Development with Land Values (Adapting Land Value Capture in Developing Countries). Washington DC: World Bank Group

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.