Pertumbuhan Penduduk Perkotaan dan Perkembangan Pola Distribusinya pada Kawasan Metropolitan Surakarta

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.6.3.%25p

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In many developing countries, urbanization has brought rapid changes and transformed many aspects of urban processes including in spatial aspect, in the form of the extended spatial formation of the cities into the surroundings, in order to meet the needs of economic and productive processes as well as those of social and consumption processes. Using the case of the growth of Surakarta Metropolitan, this paper will show the process of metropolitanization of medium city size in Indonesia that extends into the surrounding areas, by employing time serial analysis by utilizing the national censuses population data from 1990 to 2010, The paper analyzed the urbanization process in Surakarta that leads into a extended spatial form which also characterized by sprawl phenomena. The result shows that the spatial urban formation formed by such a process consist of a combination of some extensions of the previous urban areas and the formation of new urban centers that approached each other in the long run. This process need to be understood as urbanization process is also a major contributors that shape the resource allocation and consumption. For the cases of Indonesia, which are also characterized by fragmented urbanization process in the growth of its cities, the understanding of this process will be beneficial for the formulation of sustainable urbanization strategies in the future.

Keywords

medium cities; metropolitanization; spatial form; Surakarta; urbanization

  1. Fadjar Hari Mardiansjah  Scopus Scholar Sinta
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  2. Wiwandari Handayani  Orcid Scopus Sinta
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
  3. Jawoto Sih Setyono  Orcid Scopus Sinta
    Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
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