Keragaman Fungsi dan Bentuk Spasial Pertanian Kota (Studi Kasus: Pertanian Kota di Jakarta)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.6.3.%25p

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Urbanization in Jakarta encourages the conversion of agricultural land and other green open spaces into built-up area. Agriculture becomes marginalized and its contribution is only 0.1% of the economy of Jakarta. Previous studies show that although its contribution is small, Jakarta's agriculture is able to survive from extinction because it is transformed in terms of expanding the agricultural function from only a single function as a food provider, especially staple food, into diverse functions (multifunctional) such as environmental functions, cultural functions, property claims protection functions, etc. This study aims to identify agricultural multi-functionality in Jakarta that manifested in space. To achieve this objective, this research uses descriptive quantitative analysis method and deepened with qualitative analysis through interview and scientific photography technique to represent physical and social reality in the field. The results of this study indicate that Jakarta agriculture is scattered due to urbanization pressure. In addition, Jakarta's agriculture is transformed through the creation of new urban values that demonstrate the ability of urban agriculture to survive.

Keywords

agricultural multifunctionality; spatial form variation; agricultural land conversion; urban agriculture; urbanization

  1. Hayuning Anggrahita  Sinta
    Departemen Geografi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
  2. Guswandi Guswandi 
    Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Indonesia
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