Development of Masterplan and Initial Program for Food Security in Papua Region, Indonesia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.6.2.88-99

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Published: 31-08-2018
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author
Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas (FSVA) of Indonesia 2015 categorized the vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity based on nine indicators covering food availability, food access and food utilization. According to the assessment, 14 districts in priority 1 (severely vulnerable to food insecurity) were all in Papua. Responding to the problems of food insecurity, a multi-year program focusing on two regencies, i.e., Manokwari and Merauke, was conducted from August 2015. The program was developed in cooperation with the Ministry of Villages, Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration (Kemendes PDTT), Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta and district governments. This research aimed to examine the problems causing food insecurity and to develop integrative and collaborative macro-scale policy recommendations. The study used a qualitative descriptive method and a pilot project approach to address food insecurity problems in both regencies. It found five main issues related to food insecurity in Papua: the prevalence of stunting among children under five, the ratio of per capita normative consumption towards net cereal production, the population living below poverty line, households without access to clean water, and low-income families. The problems could be overcome by concerning the ratio of normative consumption per capita and the preservation of local food, and local crops should be grown especially tubers. Regarding the problems associated with low-income families, a program that should be implemented is the welfare improvement of the rural low-income families through the optimization of land resources in the integrated and intensive ways in response to many land resources still underutilized. Moreover, water treatment should be encouraged further to tackle clean water issues.

Keywords

community empowerment; food security; sustainable natural management; master plan; world food program

  1. Ambar Pertiwiningrum  Orcid Scopus Sinta
    Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  2. Cahyono Agus  Orcid Scopus Sinta
    Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  3. Supriadi Supriadi 
    Kementerian Desa Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi
  4. Supriyanta Supriyanta 
    Kementerian Desa Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi, Indonesia
  5. Ali Agus  Scopus Sinta
    Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  6. Richard P Napitupulu  Scopus
    Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Jambi, Indonesia
  7. Yudistira Soeherman  Scopus
    Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  1. Abbade, E. B., & Dewes, H. (2014). Food insecurity worldwide derived from food supply patterns. Food Security, 7(1), 109–120. doi:10.1007/s12571-014-0405-x.
  2. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2006). Gross domestic product of Semarang Regency. Central Bureau Statistic of Semarang Regency.
  3. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2017a). Manokwari Regency in figures. Retrieved from manokwarikab.bps.go.id. 2017.02.06.
  4. Central Bureau of Statistics. (2017b). Merauke Regency in figures. Retrieved from meraukekab.bps.go.id. 2017.02.06.
  5. Civic Voice. (2018). Collaborative planning for training impact. Retrieved from . www.jtp.co.uk.
  6. Cooper, D. R., & Schlinders, P. S. (1998). Business research methods (Sixth). Boston: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.
  7. De Vriese, M. (2006). Refugee livelihoods: A review of the evidence. Geneva. Retrieved from http://www.unhcr.org/4423fe5d2.pdf.
  8. Foley, W., Ward, P., Carter, P., Coveney, J., Tsourtos, G., & Taylor, A. (2010). An ecological analysis of factors associated with food insecurity in South Australia, 2002-7. Public Health Nutrition, 13(2), 215–221. doi:10.1017/S1368980009990747.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2006). Food security. Policy Brief. doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2010.12.007.
  10. Hadley, C., Zodhiates, A., & Sellen, D. W. (2007). Acculturation, economics and food insecurity among refugees resettled in the USA: A case study of West African refugees. Public Health Nutrition, 10(4), 405–412. doi:10.1017/S1368980007222943.
  11. Hanani, N., Sujarwo, S., & Asmara, R. (2015). ( Indicator and Assessment of Village Food Insecurity Level for. AGRISE, XV(2), 101–109. Retrieved from http://agrise.ub.ac.id/index.php/agrise/article/view/167/182.
  12. Ilaboya, I. R., Atikpo, E., Omofuma, F. E., Asekhame, F. F., & Umukoro, L. (2012). Causes, effects and way forward to food insecurity. Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment, 3(2), 180–188. doi:10.5829/idosi.ijee.2012.03.02.1673.
  13. Lantarsih, R., Widodo, S., Darwanto, D. H., Lestari, S. B., & Paramita, S. (2011). Ketersediaan pangan nasional: Kontribusi ketersediaan dan konsumsi energi serta optimalisasi distribusi beras. Jurnal Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, 9(1), 33–51. Retrieved from http://ejurnal.litbang.pertanian.go.id/index.php/akp/article/view/4186.
  14. Lawalata, G. M. (2013). Prinsip-prinsip pembangunan jalan berkelanjutan. Transportasi, 13(2), 115–124. Retrieved from http://journal.unpar.ac.id/index.php/journaltransportasi/article/view/531.
  15. Mulyo, J. H., Sugiyarto, & Widada, A. W. (2015). Ketahanan dan kemandirian pangan rumah tangga tani daerah marginal di Kabupaten Bojonegoro. Agro Ekonomi, 26(2), 121–128.
  16. Mustofa. (2012). Analisis ketahanan pangan rumah tangga miskin dan modal sosial di provinsi DIY. Jurnal Geomedia, 10(1), 1–5.
  17. Omotesho, O. A., Adewumi, M. O., & Fadimula, K. S. (2007). Food security and poverty of the rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria. In AAAE Conference Proceedings (pp. 571–575). Ghana.
  18. Puspaningtyas, A., Zauhar, S., & Mindarti, L. I. (2016). Analysis of regional economic development planning based on local economic potential development and regional competitiveness improvement. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 5(8), 1–5. Retrieved from http://www.ijbmi.org/papers/Vol(5)8/version-2/A05820105.pdf.
  19. Rauf, A., Rahmawaty, & Said, D. B. T. . (2013). Sistem pertanian terpadu di lahan pekarangan mendukung ketahanan pangan berkelanjutan dan berwawasan lingkungan. Jurnal Online Pertanian Tropik, 1(1), 9–20. Retrieved from https://jurnal.usu.ac.id/tropik/article/view/4661.
  20. Ridjal, T. (2004). Metode bricolage dalam penelitian sosial. In B. Burhan (Ed.), Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, Aktualisasi Metodologis ke Arah Ragam Varian Kontemporer (First Edit). Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
  21. Saliem, H. ., Mardiyanto, S., & Simatupang, P. (2003). Perkembangan dan prospek kemandirian pangan nasional. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, I(2), 123–142.
  22. Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded theory methodology-An overview. In K. . Norman & S. L. . Vannaeds (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 22–23). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  23. Sufianti, E. (2014). Kepemimpinan dan Perencanaan Kolaboratif pada Masyarakat Non-Kolaboratif. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, 25(1), 78–96. doi:10.5614/jpwk.2014.25.1.5.
  24. Syarief, R., & Fatchiya, A. (2014). Kajian model pemberdayaan ketahanan pangan di Wilayah Perbatasan antar Negara. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 19(1), 9–13.
  25. Syarief, R., Sumardjo, Kriswantriyono, A., & Wulandari, Y. P. (2017). Pengembangan ketahanan pangan melalui pemberdayaan masyarakat di kawasan rawan konflik Timika Papua. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 22(3), 163–171. doi:10.18343/jipi.22.3.163.
  26. Timmer, C. P. (2004). Food security in Indonesia: Current challenges and the long-run outlook (Working Paper Number 48 November 2004).
  27. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). (2013). UNHCR global appeal 2014-2015 – Ecuador. Geneva.
  28. United States Academy International Development. (2012). Food security monitoring and early warning systems international, regional and national examples, and Indonesia’s application of best practices. United States: Nathan Associates Inc.
  29. Widada, A. W., Masyhuri, & Mulyo, J. H. (2017). Determinant factors of food security in Indonesia. Agro Ekonomi, 28(2), 205–219.
  30. World Food Programme. (2015). Food security and vulnerability atlas of Indonesia 2015.
  31. World Food Summit. (1996). Rome declaration on World Food Security.