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Pemanenan Air Hujan untuk Meningkatkan Aksesibilitas Air di Masyarakat Pesisir, Kasus Jakarta, Indonesia

Analissa Huwaina  -  School of Environmental Science, Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Salemba Raya Kampus UI Salemba No.4, Jakarta, Indonesia,10440, Indonesia
*Hayati Sari Hasibuan  -  Sekolah Ilmu Lingkungan, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Endrawati Fatimah  -  Program Studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Arsitektur Lansekap dan Teknologi Lingkungan, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan
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Abstract
Water is a basic need for human activities, especially for daily needs. Currently, there are still households on the coast of North Jakarta that rely on non-piped water as a source of clean water; even households with toddlers rely on unfit water sources due to economic conditions. It is difficult to access clean and expensive water, so they use groundwater, which is detrimental to the environment, causes land subsidence, or buys water that is expensive and unaffordable. Coupled with poor environmental sanitation conditions come from shellfish waste and household waste. Rainwater harvesting can be a solution for fisher’s settlements as a clean water source. This study aims to increase water accessibility in coastal settlements with the potential that exists in the surrounding environment. We used a direct survey and experiment on RWH (Rainwater Harvesting) with a survey sample of 266 respondents. The results show that most coastal communities rely on more than one water source. After direct experimentation, the community accepts rainwater as an alternative to clean water, reducing the cost of public spending for clean water. Tests on reliable water quality and rainwater from rainwater harvesting systems showed that E.Coli still contained. Water quality and distribution are influenced by many factors, such as politics and applicable government regulations. Further research is needed on other water supply methods in coastal settlements.
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Keywords: affordable clean water; coastal community; rainwater harvesting; water quality
Funding: Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional under contract 008/E4.1/AK/04.PRN/2021

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