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Author Guidelines

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research (JBTR) is an open access, international peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on: clinical medicine, molecular medicine, tropical medicine, infectious diseases, cardiovascular medicine, molecular biology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, biochemistry, and pharmacotherapy with particular interest on the link with basic, clinical and community research called translational research. The journal publishes articles on a wide range of subjects of interest to researchers and clinical practitioners. Papers from any institution related to the field above are welcome, collaborative research is more appreciated.

In addition to original research articles, the journal submission include case reports, reviews, short communications, and letter to the editor. Original Research Article is a generic term for a full-length, original research finding paper that doesn't fall into another specialized category. Case Report describes and interprets an individual case, often written in the form of a detailed story. It is considered the lowest level of evidence, but they are also the first line of evidence, because they are where new issues and ideas emerge. Review Article is a paper summarizing the state of research on a topic. These can often be somewhat long, are often but not always by invitation only, and this category can include meta-analysis, but doesn't have to. This may also be the umbrella that commentaries fall under, but again, not always. Short Communicationis a shorter version of "Original Research Article", whose methods, findings, etc. don't justify a full length paper. They still contain original findings, but are general much more straightforward. These need to be reported quickly as the need to communicate such findings is very high. Letters to the Editor must make reference to objectives or discussions that may attract attention. A letter must have a purpose, and it should convey its message in a short and definitive fashion.

All papers submitted to the journal should be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked before submission for grammar and clarity. English language and copyediting services can be provided by JBTR with reasonable fee for the interpreter personally. The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The official language of the manuscript to be published in  JBTR journal is English.


1. General Author Guidelines

All manuscripts must be submitted to JBTR Editorial Office by Online Submission at E-Journal portal address:, where author register as Author and/or offered as Reviewer by online. If authors have any problems on the online submission, please contact Editorial Office at the following email:


The following documents should accompany the manuscripts submitted by online through online submission interface (as supplementary files):

•   A Manuscript with camera ready format under following template (link download of all articles are below)

•   A covering letter outlines the basic findings of the paper and their significance.

•   List of Potential Reviewer for your manuscript. Please send the detail by their email and address.

Four types of manuscripts are acceptable for publication: Original Research Articles, Case Reports, Review Articles, and Short Communication.


2. Manuscript Template

Manuscript should be prepared according to the following author guidelines in the MS Word article template: 

3. Reviewing of manuscripts

Every submitted paper is independently reviewed by at least two peer-reviewers. The decision for publication, amendment, or rejection is based upon their reports/recommendation. If two or more reviewers consider a manuscript unsuitable for publication in this journal, a statement explaining the basis for the decision will be sent to the authors within three months of the submission date.


4. Revision of manuscripts

Manuscripts sent back to the authors for revision should be returned to the editor without delay. Revised manuscripts can be sent to editorial office through the Online Submission Interface ( The revised manuscripts returned later than three months will be considered as new submissions.


5. Editorial Office of JBTR Journal

All correspondences should be sent to the following Editorial Office:


Achmad Zulfa Juniarto (Editor-in-Chief)

Editorial Office of  Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research

Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Laboratorium Sentral Undip Building, 2nd floor

Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus UNDIP Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275, Telp.: +62-24-8412311, Fax.: +62-24-8454714



6. Guideline for Online Submission

Author should first register as Author and is offered as Reviewer through the following address:


The author should fulfill the form as detail as possible where the star marked form must be entered. After all form textbox was filled, Author clicks on “Register” button to proceed the registration. Therefore, Author is brought to online author submission interface where Author should click on “New Submission”. In the Start a New Submission section, click on “’Click Here’: to go to step one of the five-step submission process”. The following are five steps in online submission process:

1.  Step 1 - Starting the Submission: Select the appropriate section of the journal, i.e. Original Research Articles, Case Reports, Review Article, or Short Communication. Thus, the author must check-mark on the submission checklists. An author should type or copy-paste Covering Letter in Letter to Editor.

2.  Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Browse on the Upload submission file item and choose the manuscript document file (.doc/.docx) to be submitted, then click "Upload" button until the file has been uploaded.

3.  Step 3 – Entering Submission’s Metadata: In this step, detail authors metadata should be entered including marked corresponding author. After that, manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and paste in the textbox including keywords.

4.  Step 4 – Uploading Supplementary Files: Supplementary file should be uploaded including Covering/Submission Letter. Therefore, click on Browse button, choose the files, and then click on Upload button.

5.  Step 5 – Confirming the Submission:  Author should final check the uploaded manuscript documents in this step. To submit the manuscript to  JBTR journal, click Finish Submission button after the documents are true. The corresponding author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgment by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site.


After this submission, Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes a status of manuscript review and editorial process.


7. Author Fee

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research (JBTR) is an Open Access journal.  Publishing an article in this journal requires an Article Processing Charge (APC), which is paid after the article has been accepted. Apart from this Article Processing Charge there are no other fees (for example submission charges, page charges, or color charges). The APC for the journal is 1.000.000 IDR (USD70).


8. User Rights

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

All articles published Open Access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.  We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research.


9. Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

9.1. General Organization of Paper

The paper will be published in JBTR journal after the peer-reviewed process and decided “Accepted” by Editor. The final paper layout will be reproduced by Editorial Office of JBTR journal. We will send the final paper layout in MS Word along with Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) form to Author. CTA must be signed originally (scan the document after signed by ALL Authors) [Copyright Transfer Form JBTR]. The final paper layout in MS Word, known as “Uncorrected Proof” should be corrected by Author(s). The final paper will be published after you send back the CTA and Uncorrected Proof file to us in 2x24 hours.

According to Engelmore and Morgan [1], manuscript content should, in general, be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results; Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References. Manuscript document submitted to this journal (in one MS Word or PDF file) should be arranged as follow:


1.  Body text of manuscript article (from Title to References, without tables and figures)

2.  Figure Captions and Table Captions

3.  Figures (one figure per page)

4.  Tables (one table per page)


Figure and Table including the Captions and Legends should be placed in the end of the manuscript below References. Please include Covering Letter in a separated document file containing your summary of scientific finding and uploaded in Supplementary Files.


9.2. Section Headings

Three levels of heading are allowed as follows:


•    Level 1 (Heading1 format) - 12pt, Times bold, left justified

•    Level 2 (Heading2 format) - 12pt, Times bold, left justified

•    Level 3 (Heading3 format) - 12pt, Times bold italic, left justified


9.3. Body Text

The body of the text is a set of body text paragraphs defined as follows:


•    12pt Times New Roman

•    One-half space, defined as 12pt

•    Spacing after the heading is 3pt

•    Spacing before the new heading is 12pt

•    Indentation for the first line is 1 cm.


9.4. Bullets

There are two levels of allowed bulleting:


•    This is the first bullet level 

o     This is a sub-bullet level


9.5. Enumerated Lists

Lists are sequentially numbered as follows:

1.  Spacing before the start of list is 3pt

2.  Spacing after the end of list is 3pt


9.6. Tables

Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced. However, double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt bold. Tables are referred in the text by the table number, e.g., Table 1. Do not show the vertical line in the table. There is only horizontal line should be shown in the table.


9.7. Figures

Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:


•    Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.

•    Black & white or colored figures are allowed.

•    If a figure spans two columns, it should be placed at the top or bottom of a page.

•   Hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format as follows: 

o   BMP - Microsoft bitmap file

o   WMF - Windows Metafile Format

o   EPS - Encapsulated Postscript

•    If figures cannot be scanned, the original should be placed in its location within the manuscript using wax or colorless glue.

•    The following files are permissible: 

o   Microsoft Graph

o   Microsoft Draw

Figure 1 shows an included Microsoft Draw object.


9.8. Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing

The manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), one-column format (i.e., 85 mm each) with a 2.5 cm margin at the top, a 2.5 cm margin at the bottom, 2.5 cm margin on the left, and 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-half spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in the footer section of each page. Use of pronouns such as I, we, etc. is to be avoided.

Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References.


9.9. Paper Title

This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations.

The title of the paper should be in 16 pt bold Times New Roman and be centered. The title should have 0 pts space above and 12 pts below.


9.10. Authors Name and Affiliations

Write Author(s) names without a title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes a name of department/unit, (faculty), a name of university, address, country. Please indicate Corresponding Author (include email address) by adding an asterisk (*) in superscript behind the name.

Author names should be in 12 pt Times Roman bold with 12 pts above and 12 pts below. Author addresses are superscripted by numerals and centered. Author affiliations should be in 12 pt Times Roman italic. The body of the text should commence two lines (24 points) below the last address.

Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


9.11. Abstract and Keywords

An abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. The abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning. The abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word limitations (100‐300 words).

Keywords are the labels of your manuscript and critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore the keywords should represent the content and highlight of your article. Use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the field. e.g. DNA. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by a comma (,), not a semicolon (;).


9.12. Introduction

In Introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


9.13 Materials and Methods

Materials and methods should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods. For the chemicals, please provide details of brand and purity (example: CaO (Merck, 99.5%)).


9.14. Results

Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than provide data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.


9.15 Discussion

The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

In the discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in the discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?


9.16. Conclusions

Conclusions should answer the objectives of the research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.


9.17. Acknowledgment

Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may another supporter, i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers, who may have given materials.


9.18. References

Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self‐citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models.

All publications cited in the text should be included as a list of references. References are sequentially numbered as they appear in the text. Reference numbers are indicated in superscript. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Please note that any internet sources (web references) are not allowed in the reference list.

Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.

This journal has to follow standard templates available in key reference management packages EndNote (, Mendeley (, or Reference Manager ( Using plug-ins to word processing packages, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style, which is described below.

Recommendations for references are:


•    Include ALL authors. et al., for multiple authors is not acceptable.

•    When referencing in the body of text, use superscript1.

•    Types of references are as follows: 

o      For a Book, see1

o      For a Journal Article, see2

o      For a Magazine Article, see4

o      For a Proceedings Paper, see5

o      For a Technical Report, see6

o      For a Dissertation or Thesis, see7

o      For an Internet Reference (not preferable), see8


When preparing your reference list, the following should be avoided:


•    References not cited in the text.

•    Excessively referencing your work.

•    Insufficiently referencing the work of others.


All references must contain the Digital Object Identifier (DOI). References list must be written consistently, whether the journal titles are written in short (i.e. J. Biomed. Transl. Res.) or in long format (Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research). For short title of journals, please follow the standard here: abrvjt.html


10.19. Acknowledgments

You may wish to thank those who have supported you and your work.


10.20. References

  1. Engelmore, R., Morgan, A. eds. (1986). Blackboard Systems. Reading, Mass.: Addison- Wesley. ← Book
  2. Robinson, A.L. (1980). New Ways to Make Microcircuits Smaller. Science, 208: 1019-1026. ← Journal
  3. Springer A, van den Heijkant M, Baumann S. Worldwide prevalence of hypospadias. Journal of Pediatric Urology. 2016;12:152 e1-7. ←Journal
  4. Listyasari NA, Robevska G, Santosa A, Bouty A, Juniarto AZ, van den Bergen J, et al. Genetic Analysis Reveals Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome in Female Children Surgically Treated for Inguinal Hernia. Journal of Investigative Surgery 2019:1-7. ←Journal
  5. Clancey, W.J. (1983). Communication, Simulation, and Intelligent Agents: Implications of Personal Intelligent Machines for Medical Education. In Proceedings of the Eighth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 556-560. Menlo Park, Calif.: International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence, Inc. ←Conferences
  6. Rice, J. (1986). Polygon: A System for Parallel Problem Solving, Technical Report, KSL-86-19, Dept. of Computer Science, Stanford Univ. ←Report
  7. Clancey, W.J. (1979). Transfer of Rule-Based Expertise through a Tutorial Dialogue. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Computer Science, Stanford University. ←Thesis
  8. Ivey, K.C. (2 September 1996). Citing Internet sources URL http://www.eei- ←Website



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. DOI for the references should be provided

  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Diponegoro University as publisher of the journal.

Copyright encompasses non-exclusive rights to reproduce and deliver the article in all form and media, including reprints, photographs, microfilms and any other similar reproductions, as well as translations. 

Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Diponegoro University, the Editors and the Advisory International Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Diponegoro University (JBTR) are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.

The Copyright Transfer Form can be downloaded here: [Copyright Transfer Form JBTR

The copyright form should be signed originally and send to the Editorial Office in the form of original mail, scanned document or fax :  
Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. Soedarto, Kampus UNDIP Tembalang, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia 50275, Telp.: +62-24-8454714, Fax.: +62-24-8454714


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