skip to main content

“Europa in de Tropen”, The Colonial Tourism and Urban Culture in Bandung

*Rahmia Nurwulandari  -  Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Kemas Ridwan Kurniawan scopus  -  Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2020 Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism under

Citation Format:

Bandung experienced a rapid urban development after 1918, when the city was prepared to be the new Dutch East Indies’ capital city, replacing Batavia. In the era of economic liberalization, Bandung also became one of the tourist destinations that has promoted by the businessmen. This paper is a study on how mass tourism as the new urban culture in the beginning of 20th century had a contribution to urban planning in Bandung. The timeline was after the establishment of train as a modern transportation in Bandung (1884) until the end of the Dutch Colonialism in Dutch East Indies (1942). Through the Georg Simmel's theory of sociology and the city, I tried to analyze the the tourism activity and its relations to the 20th century urban architecture in Bandung, West Java. I use the method that was introduced by Iain Borden and friends in The Unknown City to understand tourism and urban history of Bandung through the spatial practice, city representation and experiences.


Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Urban Planning, Tourism, Bandung, Dutch Colonial, Sociology

Article Metrics:

  1. Akihary (1996). Ir. F.J.L Ghijsels, Architect in Indonesia 1910—1929. Utrecth: Seram Press
  2. Ariwibowo, Gregorius Andika (2015). Wisata Alam di Karesidenan Priangan pada Periode Akhir Kolonial 1830—1942. Jurnal Patanjala Vol.7 No.3 399—414
  3. Barnouw, A.J. (1927). A Trip Through the Dutch East Indies. Koch & Knuttel
  4. Budiman, Hary Ganjar (2015). Perkembangan Taman Kota di Bandung Masa Hindia Belanda 1918—1942. Patanjala Vol.7
  5. Borden, Iain & friends (2000). The Unknown City, Contesting Architecture and Social Space. Cambridge: MIT Press
  6. Borden, Iain (1997). Space Beyond: The Spatiality and the City in the Writing of Georg Simmel. The Journal of Architecture 2(4) 313—335
  7. Bureau, Official Tourist (1900). Java the Wonderland. Weltevreden: Official Tourist Bureau
  8. Bureau, Official Tourist (1913). The Illustrated Tourist Guide. Boston Public Library
  9. Frisby, David (1992). Simmel and Since, Essays in Georg Simmel’s Social Theory. London: Routledge
  10. Gustaman, Budi (2019). Sisi Lain Kehidupan PreangerPlanters, Dari Perburuan Hingga Gagasan Konservasi Satwa Liar. Jurnal Patanjala Vol.11 No.2 235—248
  11. Hermawan, Iwan (2010). Bandung Sebagai Ibukota Hindia Belanda. Journal Arkeologi Masa Kini 5—15
  12. Kinloch, Charles Walter (1852). De Zieke Reiziger or Rambles in Java and the Strait by Bengal Civilian. London: Simpkins, Marshall & Co
  13. Mumford, Eric Paul (2002). The CIAM Discourse and Urbanism 1928—1960. Cambridge: MIT Press
  14. Prasetyo, Eko Bagus & Bambang Setia Budi (2017). Grand Hotel Preanger dari Waktu ke Waktu, Sebuah Montase Sejarah. Prosiding Seminar Ikatan Peneliti Lingkungan Binaan Indonesia 1 A327—336
  15. Rae, William Fraser (1891). The Business of Travel, a Fifty Years’ Record of Progress. London New York T. Cook and Son
  16. Scidmore, Eliza R (1899). The Garden of The East. New York: Oxford University Press
  17. Simmel, Georg (1997). The Alpine’s Journey in Simmel on Culture. Sage Publication
  18. Singh, Shalini (2009). Domestic Tourism in Asia: Diversity and Divergence. London: Earthscan
  19. Sunaryo, Rony Gunawan, Nindyo Soewarno, Ikaputra & Bakti Setiawan (2012). Morphological Study of Colonial and Traditional Urban Space in Java: A Comparative Study of Ten Cities. Proceedings International Conference on Indonesian Architecture and Planing 1st Biennale 68—78
  20. Sunjayadi, Achmad (2017). Dari Vreemdelingenverkeer ke Toeristenverkeer: Dinamika Pariwisata di Hindia Belanda 1891—1942. Dissertation, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Indonesia
  21. Urry, John (2002). The Tourist Gaze. Sage Publication
  22. Van Roosmalen, Pauline K.M. (2007). Familiar, Yet Different: Indische Architecture and Town Planning. Historical Journal Groniek No.40 71—86
  23. Van Roosmalen, Pauline K.M. (2011). Designing Colonial Cities: The Making of Modern Town Planning in The Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905—1950. Journal The Newsletter no.57 Summer 2011 7—9
  24. Vooruit, Bandoeng (1930). Bandoeng de Ideale Woonen Vacantiestad. Leiden University Library
  25. Zuelow, Eric (2015). A History of Modern Tourism. Red Globe Press

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-11-30 14:40:18

No citation recorded.