Identification of Fishermen Household’s Adaptive Capacity in Responding to Climate Change Impacts (A Case Study of Muncar District, Banyuwangi Regency, Indonesia)
Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)
Climate change affects the uncertainty of oceanographic condition that has an impact on the marine fisheries, such as changes in fishing areas, winds, and extreme waves. As an archipelagic country, the majority of Indonesian cities are in the coastal area whose the community’s livelihood depends on marine fishery activities. Climate change impacts the coastal community who engages in fishery activities are now being vulnerable group towards climate change. This condition is also experienced by fishermen in Muncar District, the second biggest fishery port in Indonesia. It is necessary to enhance fishermen household’s adaptive capacity which is the key to region’s resilience. This research focuses on adaptive capacity assessment by formulating criteria and indicators based on the expert's theories review. The method that is used in this research is statistic descriptive based on a questionnaire which distributed to 120 households samples. This research also views perception of fishermen on climate change impacts and on how Local Government Units (LGUs) and Community Organizations (COs)support the increase of fishermen household’s adaptive capacity. The result of the assessment showed that 56% of households have ‘medium’ adaptive capacity, 34% of them are in ‘low’ adaptive capacity, and 10% households are in ‘high’ adaptive capacity. The LGUs and COs gives a high endorsement to households to increase their adaptive capacity. The result of this study can be taken into consideration in formulating the strategies to enhance fishermen household’s adaptive capacity in order to realize the resilient fishermen households socially and economically.
- BAPPENAS. (2010). Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Roadmap (ICCSR). Scientific basis: Analysis and projection of sea level rise and extreme weather event. Retrieved from the Ministry of National Development Planning(BAPPENAS) Jakarta, Indonesia website: http://www.bappenas.go.id/files/2013/5229/9917/analysis-and-projection-of-sea-level-rise-and-extreme-weathe__20110217130224__1.pdf.
- D’Silva, J. L., Shaffril, H. M., Samah, B. A., & Uli, J. (2012). Assessment of social adaptation capacity of malaysian fisherman to climate change. Journal of Applied Sciences Asian Network for Scientific Information, 12(9), 876-881.doi:10.3923/jas.2012.876.881.
- Hendiarti, N., Suwarso, Aldrian, E., Amri, K., Andiastuti, R., Sachoemar, I., & Wahyono, I. B. (2005). Seasonal variation of pelagic fish catch around Java. Oceanography, 18(4), 113-123. doi:10.5670/oceanog.2005.12.
- IPCC. (2014). Climate change 2014: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.
- Liverani, A. (2009). Climate change and individual behavior: Considerations for policy (Policy Research Working Paper 5058). Retrieved from World Bank website http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/913191468156569145/pdf/WPS5058.pdf.
- Ministry of Maritime and Fisheries Affairs. (2010). Technical assistance of the preparation of detailed zoning plan of minapolitan region. Jakarta: General Directorate of Marine, Coastal, and Small Islands, Ministry of Maritime and Fisheries Affairs.
- Penalba, L. M., & Elazegui, D. D.(2011). Adaptive capacity of households, community organizations, and institutions for extreme climate events in the Philippines (Research Report No. 2011-RR3). Retrieved from Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) website http://www.eepsea.org/pub/rr/2011-RR3-Linda%20M%20Penalba%20and%20Dulce%20D%20Elazegui.pdf.
- Sissener, E. H., & Bjorndal, T. (2004). Climate change and the migratory pattern for Norwegian spring spawning herring-implications for management. Marine Policy, 29(4), 299-309. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2004.04.002.
- Smit, B., & Wandel, J. (2006). Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 282-292. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.03.008.
- Swanson, D., Hiley, J., Venema, H. D., & Grosshans, R. (2009). Indicators of adaptive capacity to climate change for agriculture in the Prairie Region of Canada: Comparison with field observations (Working Paper for the Prairie Climate Resilience Project). Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development.
- Wall, E., & Marzall, K. (2006). Adaptive capacity for climate change in Canadian rural communities. The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 11(4), 373-397. doi:10.1080/13549830600785506.