Social and Economic Empowerment for Village Women as a Strategy of Village Development

*Kushandajani Kushandajani  -  Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 18 Dec 2018; Published: 28 Feb 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Citation Format:
Abstract

The issuance of Law No. 6/2014 that is followed with the distribution of village fund has led the rise of program initiatives from village people. One of the crucial elements of development that needs for attention is social and economic development for women. Women's roles in these two areas are significant as compared to the other sectors like politics. Developing women in these two sectors is expected to encourage further development in the village. The research aims to identify the involvement of women in village development, in one village in Central Java, Lerep Village, Ungaran Barat District, Semarang Regency, through two domains: social and economic in 2017. This research is based on qualitative research using first-hand data collected from interviews with selected informants. This research used a case study as an approach and was focused on one village, namely Lerep, Semarang District, Central Java. In Lerep, we can see that the government have strived to a prioritized woman in their empowerment programs. The areas of development include health, education, domestic violence minimization, agriculture, entrepreneurship, and poverty reduction. As a result, women in Lerep could gain more income and enjoy some public facilities provided by the village government, which contribute to the improvement of woman health. In the future, there is a need to encourage woman empowerment as a framework for village development. Therefore, the advantage of the village fund will bring further impacts on society as a whole.

Keywords: village development; village governance; woman empowerment
Funding: Departemen Politik dan Pemerintahan FISIP Universitas Diponegoro

Article Metrics:

  1. Aboo, K., & Khalid, T. (2014). Women and politics: Social construction and deconstruction, 10(3), 104–113. doi: 10.3844/jsssp.2014.104.113
  2. Ali, D. A., Deininger, K., & Goldstein, M. (2014). Environmental and gender impacts of land tenure regularization in Africa: Pilot evidence from Rwanda. Journal of Development Economics, 110, 262–275. doi: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2013.12.009
  3. Australian Government. (2016). Gender equality and women’s empowerment strategy. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Barton: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org/dac/gender-development/DFAT Gender Equality and Womens Empowerment Strategy.pdf
  4. Dumatubun, A. E., & Suwandi. (2016). Cultural development model Pakas anim leadership system inside a concept of village development Malin anim people in Merauke. Social Sciences (Pakistan), 11(22), 5387–5396. doi: 10.3923/sscience.2016.5387.5396
  5. Elizabeth, R. (2007). Pemberdayaan Wanita Mendukung Strategi Gender Mainstreaming dalam Kebijakan Pembangunan di Perdesaan. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. 25(2), 126–135. Retrieved from https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/69328-none-637bb617.pdf
  6. Jamal, E., & Jamal, E. (2017). Membangun momentum baru pembangunan pedesaan di Indonesia. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 28(1), 7–14. doi: 10.21082/jp3.v28n1.2009.p7-14
  7. Kabeer, N. (2015). Gender equality and economic growth: A win-win policy agenda? Women and Girls Rising: Progress and Resistance around the World (Vol. 2013). doi: 10.4324/9781315708379
  8. Kuncoro, A., & Kadar, K. (2017). Pengaruh pemberdayaan perempuan dan peningkatan sumberdaya ekonomi keluarga. Buana Gender : Jurnal Studi Gender dan Anak, 1(1), 45. doi: 10.22515/bg.v1i1.67
  9. Kushandajani, K. (2008). Otonomi desa berbasis modal sosial dalam perspektif socio-legal. Semarang: Jurusan Ilmu Pemerintahan FISIP UNDIP
  10. Kushandajani, K. (2016). Village Authority based on indegenius right and local scale authority: Implications of Las No. 6/2014 toward village authority (pp. 111–119). Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Retrieved from http://repository.umy.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/2869/Proceeding ICSP 2016 UMY.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  11. Mujahid, N., Ali, M., Noman, M., & Azeema Begum. (2015). Dimensions of women empowerment : A case study of Pakistan dimensions of women empowerment : A case study of Pakistan. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 6(1), 37–45. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Muhammad_Noman44/publication/319099845_Dimensions_of_Women_Empowerment_A_case_study_of_Pakistan/links/5bc4b26ea6fdcc03c788b17f/Dimensions-of-Women-Empowerment-A-case-study-of-Pakistan.pdf
  12. Nam, Y.-C. (2018). Development process and community life at the eco-village ′Sanneoul′ in South Korea. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 17(3), 449–456. doi: 10.3130/jaabe.17.449
  13. Nayak, P., & Bidisha Mahanta. (2009). Women empowerment in India. SSRN Electronic Journal, (February), 1–32. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-4268-3_1
  14. Rahman, M. . A. (2013). Women’s empowerment: Concept and beyond. Global Journal of Human Social Science, 13(6). doi: 10.1006/fstl.1998.0319
  15. Rana, M. M., & Sultana Beauty Nahida. (2017). Impact of comprehensive village development programme (CVDP) on poverty reduction: A case study of two villages in Coilla Adarsha Sadar Upazila UPAZILA. European Journal of Training and Development Studies, 4(4), 12–29. Retrieved from http://www.eajournals.org/wp-content/uploads/Impact-of-Comprehensive-Village-Development-Programme-Cvdp-On-Poverty-Reduction-A-Case-Study-of-Two-Villages-in-Comilla-Adarsha-Sadar-Upazila.pdf
  16. Soetjipto, A. W., Soetjipto, W., & Adelina, S. (2015). Pemberdayaan perempuan desa. Aspirasi, 6(Desember), 203–212. Retrieved from jurnal.dpr.go.id/index.php/aspirasi/article/view/514/410
  17. Soleh, A. (2014). Potency development strategy. Jurnal Sungkai, 5, 32–52. Retrieved from http://e-journal.upp.ac.id/index.php/sungkai/article/viewFile/1181/893
  18. Sundaram, S., Sekar, M., and Subburaj, A. (2014). Woman empowerment: Role education. Ijmss, 2(12), 76–85. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sekar_M2/publication/280218999_WOMEN_EMPOWERMENT_ROLE_OF_EDUCATION/links/55ade53608aee079921e3e4a/WOMEN-EMPOWERMENT-ROLE-OF-EDUCATION.pdf
  19. World Bank. (2012a). Gender equality and development. Wdr 2012. doi: 10.1080/13552070512331332273
  20. World Bank. (2012b). Women’s empowerment in rural community- driven development projects. Retrieved from https://ieg.worldbankgroup.org/Data/reports/lp_genderincdd_01272017.pdf
  21. Yunus, M., & Sani, K. R. (2017). The capacity building of local government in Sanjai Village, Sinjai Regency, 33(2), 243–250. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322148246_The_Capacity_Building_of_Local_Government_in_Sanjai_village_Sinjai_Regency

Last update: 2021-04-20 23:20:29

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-04-20 23:20:30

No citation recorded.