Study of Regional Disparities among Districts in East Java Province

*Enggar Dwi Novianto  -  Master of Urban and Regional Development, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Wiwandari Handayani orcid scopus  -  Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 3 Jan 2018; Published: 31 Oct 2018.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2018 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: EN
Statistics: 331 197
Some evidences have emerged indicating that there are regional disparities in East Java Province and industrialization seems to give its contribution in creating regional disparities. In 2014, Manufacturing industry dominated the contribution to the GDP which was 29%, on the other hand mostly the people who worked in the agricultural sector, and so the land which mostly agricultural. This study aims to identify factors influencing the disparities in East Java Province. This statement is also strengthened by the Williamson index which showed that the regional disparities were quite high, with two districts indicated to contributing the most, Kediri and Surabaya City. By using factor analysis, this research will try to answer what factors influencing the disparities statistically, and cluster analysis is trying to figure out the disparities spatially. Then it is going to be proven that some districts agglomerated in a certain area and can implicate the disparities in East Java.
Keywords: agglomeration industries; regional disparities; unbalanced development

Article Metrics:

  1. Bank Indonesia. (2012). Laporan perekonomian Indonesia tahun 2012. Jakarta: Bank Indonesia.
  2. Dawkins, C. J. (2003). Regional development theory: Conceptual foundations, classic works, and recent developments. Journal of Planning Literature, 18(2), 131–172. doi: 10.1177/0885412203254706
  3. Goletsis, & Chletsos. (2011). Measurement of development and regional disparities in Greek periphery: A multivariate approach. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 45(4), 174–183. doi: 10.1016/j.seps.2011.06.002
  4. McCall, T. (2010). What do we mean by regional development? Institute for Regional Development Cradle Coast campus University of Tasmania. Retrieved from
  5. Nakamura, R. (2008). Agglomeration effects on regional economic disparities: A comparison between the UK and Japan. Urban Studies, 45(9), 1947–1971. doi: 10.1177/0042098008093385
  6. Svatošová, L. . (2012). The development of regional disparities in Czech Republic over the 2005–2010 years. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 60(7), 337–344.
  7. Todaro, M. P. (1994). Economic development. New York, USA & London, UK: Longman.
  8. Williamson, J. G. (1965). Regional inequality and the process of national development: A description of the patterns. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 13(4), 1–84. doi: 10.1086/450136