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Histomorfometri Hepar Itik Peking (Anas platyrhynchos) setelah Penambahan Tepung Daun Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lam.) dalam Pakan yang Dikombinasikan dengan Paparan Cahaya

Arif Nur Latifah  -  Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof.Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia, Indonesia
*Kasiyati Kasiyati orcid  -  Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof.Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia, Indonesia
Muhammad Anwar Djaelani  -  Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Jl. Prof.Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright 2022 Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi (Bulletin of Anatomy and Physiology)

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Abstract

Hepar merupakan salah satu organ vital pada metabolisme aves. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis penambahan tepung daun kelor dalam pakan yang dikombinasikan dengan paparan cahaya terhadap histomorfometri hepar itik pekin. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap pola faktorial 4×2. Faktor utama berupa konsentrasi tepung daun kelor (0, 2, 4, dan 6%) dan  warna lampu (putih dan hijau). Itik pekin yang digunakan berjumlah 48 ekor. Variabel pengukuran antara lain bobot hepar, bobot badan, indek hepatosomatik, dan diameter hepatosit. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan uji Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) dua arah. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa paparan cahaya dengan kombinasi tepung daun kelor tidak berpengaruh signifikan (P>0,05) pada bobot hepar, bobot badan, dan indek hepatosomatik, namun berpengaruh signifikan (P<0,05) pada diameter hepatosit. Masing-masing faktor utama warna cahaya atau tepung daun kelor tidak berpengaruh signifikan pada semua variabel. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah penambahan tepung daun kelor dalam pakan yang dikombinasikan dengan paparan cahaya dapat meningkatkan ukuran diameter hepatosit dan memicu proliferasi sel–sel hepatosit. Proliferasi hepatosit mengarah pada regenerasi hepatosit terdapat pada kelompok 6% tepung daun kelor yang dikombinasikan dengan cahaya putih ataupun cahaya hijau. The liver is one of the vital organs in avian metabolism.

 

This research aimed to analyzed the inclusion of Moringa leaf flour in feed with light exposure on the liver histomorphometry of Pekin ducks. This study used a completely Randomized Design in 2×4 arrangement, with main factors, the first factor was concentrations of Moringa flour and the second factor was color of light. Forty-eight Pekin ducks were used in this research. The variables measured in this research were liver weight, body weight, hepatosomatic index, and hepatocyte diameter. The data obtained were analyze using two-way Analysis of Variance. The light exposure with a combination of Moringa leaf flour had no significant effect on liver weight, body weight, and hepatosomatic index, but had a significant effect (P<0.05) on hepatocyte diameter. Meanwhile, the main factor, either light color or Moringa leaf flour had no significant effect on all variables. The conclusion of this study is Moringa leaf powder in the diet combined with light exposure could affect the histomorphometry of the liver which is characterized by an increase in hepatocyte cell diameter and the proliferation of hepatocyte cells. Liver cell proliferation leading to hepatocyte regeneration was found in the 6% group of Moringa leaf flour combined with white or green light.

 

 
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Keywords: bobot hepar; indek hepatosomatik; diameter hepatosit

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