KAJIAN KAPASITAS RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP BENCANA KABUT ASAP DI KELURAHAN BANSIR DARAT, KOTA PONTIANAK

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.20.3.250-265

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 20-02-2018
Published: 31-08-2018
Section: Articles
Fulltext PDF Tell your colleagues Email the author
Forest and land fires (karhutla) in Indonesia cause environmental degradation, economic losses and health problems. The phenomenon of Strong El Nino becomes a natural factor that exacerbates the condition of karhutla, efforts to reduce the risk of karhutla by preventing, reducing and tackling the karhutla continue to be pursued by the government. The haze of karhutla becomes a problem in itself, the extent of exposed areas and dangerous particles disrupt the activities of the community, especially health problems. Disaster risk reduction efforts can be done by increasing capacity, while one type of capacity in the community is household capacity. The purpose of this study is to review the capacity of households in the face of smoke haze karhutla, the location chosen to conduct the study is Kelurahan Bansir Darat, Pontianak City-West Kalimantan. The discussion begins with determining the criteria of household capacity, the data sampling technique is non probability sampling in the form of systematic sampling through questionnaire amounting to 110 and the method of data analysis is done quantitatively descriptive and quantitative associations. Identified household characteristics were age group, occupation group and settlement type, household capacity calculation showed that 21.82% were ready, 28.18% were not ready and 50.00% were adequately prepared for the disaster, found significant relationship between work groups with household capacity and type of settlement with household capacity.

Keywords

household capacity; smoke haze; forest and land fire; bansir darat,;pontianak

  1. Aji Rio Sutrisno 
    Sekolah Arsitektur, Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Kebijakan - Institut Teknologi Bandung Pusbindiklatren BAPPENAS (Karyasiswa Diklat Gelar, Indonesia
  2. Djoko Santoso Abi Suroso  Scopus Sinta
    Sekolah Arsitektur, Perencanaan dan Pengembangan Kebijakan - Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
  1. Hansford, B. (2011). Reducing risk of disaster in our communities. Tearfund.
  2. Heil, A., & Goldammer, J. G. (2001). Smoke-haze pollution: a review of the 1997 episode in Southeast Asia. Regional Environmental Change, 2(1), 24–37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s101130100021
  3. Hendon, H. H. (2003). Indonesian rainfall variability: Impacts of ENSO and local air–sea interaction. Journal of Climate, 16(11), 1775–1790.
  4. KMNLH RI. (1998). Kebakaran Hutan Dan Lahan Di Indonesia : Dampak, Faktor Dan Evaluasi (No. 1). Jakarta: Kantor Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia.
  5. Liu, J. C., Pereira, G., Uhl, S. A., Bravo, M. A., & Bell, M. L. (2015). A systematic review of the physical health impacts from non-occupational exposure to wildfire smoke. Environmental Research, 136, 120–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2014.10.015
  6. Logan, J. A., Megretskaia, I., Nassar, R., Murray, L. T., Zhang, L., Bowman, K. W., … Luo, M. (2008). Effects of the 2006 El Niño on tropospheric composition as revealed by data from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES). Geophysical Research Letters, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031698
  7. Penalba, L. M., & Elazegui, D. D. (2011). Adaptive capacity of households, community organizations and institutions for extreme climate events in the Philippines. Singapore: EEPSEA.
  8. Purnomo, H., Okarda, B., Shantiko, B., Achdiawan, R., Kartodihardjo, H., & Dewayani, A. A. (2015). Asap penggunaan lahan dan politik lokal. Conference Paper.
  9. Purnomo, H., Shantiko, B., Sitorus, S., Gunawan, H., Achdiawan, R., Kartodihardjo, H., & Dewayani, A. A. (2017). Fire economy and actor network of forest and land fires in Indonesia. Forest Policy and Economics, 78, 21–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2017.01.001
  10. Ross, A. (2013). Local Disaster Resilience across the Gulf Coast: Intersecting Capacities for and Perceptions of Resilience. Routledge.
  11. Smit, B., & Pilifosova, O. (2003). Adaptation to Climate Change in The Context of Sustainable Development and Equity. Sustainable Development, 8(9), 9.
  12. Statheropoulos, M., & Karma, S. (2007). Complexity and origin of the smoke components as measured near the flame-front of a real forest fire incident: A case study. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 78(2), 430–437. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2006.10.011
  13. Stockwell, C. E., Jayarathne, T., Cochrane, M. A., Ryan, K. C., Putra, E. I., Saharjo, B. H., … Yokelson, R. J. (2016). Field measurements of trace gases and aerosols emitted by peat fires in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, during the 2015 El Niño. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(18), 11711–11732. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-16-11711-2016
  14. Swanson, D., Hiley, J., Venema, H. D., & Grosshans, R. (2007). Indicators of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change for Agriculture in the Prairie Region of Canada: An analysis based on Statistics Canada’s Census of Agriculture. Working Paper for the Prairie Climate Resilience Project, Winnipeg: International Institute for Sustainable Development.
  15. Syaufina, L. (2008). Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Indonesia : Perilaku Api, Penyebab, dan Dampak Kebakaran (I). Malang: Bayumedia Publishing.
  16. Tacconi, L. (2003). Kebakaran hutan di Indonesia: penyebab, biaya dan implikasi kebijakan. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia. Diambil dari http://www.cifor.org/publications/pdf_files/OccPapers/OP-038i.pdf
  17. Tangang, F., Latif, M. T., & Juneng, L. (2010). The roles of climate variability and climate change on smoke haze occurrences in Southeast Asia region.
  18. Wall, E., & Marzall, K. (2006). Adaptive Capacity for Climate Change in Canadian Rural Communities. Local Environment, 11(4), 373–397.