Peran Sumber Daya Sosial Budaya dalam Pengembangan Pariwisata di Kawasan Gunung Merapi Desa Umbulharjo dan Desa Kepuharjo

*Shafira Leliana Putri  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Maya Damayanti  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 15 Aug 2018; Published: 15 Aug 2018.
Open Access License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

Citation Format:
Abstract

Community is one of the main elements of development, so that all forms of development will involve community both as subjects and objects. Socio-cultural resources are inherent in society, accordingly when society develops a business, directly or indirectly, consciously or unconsciously, people have been using socio-cultural resources. There are tourist attractions that has long been recognized by domestic and foreign tourists in disaster-prone areas of Mount Merapi, in Umbulharjo and Kepuharjo village, Sleman, D.I.Y. There are special interest tourism such as tourist villages, national park, and post-disaster area. Although not a cultural tourism, the slopes of Mount Merapi inhabited by people who uphold the Javanese socio-cultural values. Perception, behavior, policies applied in tourism activities are influenced by the culture. Hence, what are the roles of socio-cultural resources for tourism development in Merapi Mount area? By knowing roles of socio-cultural resources in tourism development, hopefully stakeholders can make the best use of socio-cultural resources at the same time preserving it. Qualitative method used in this study, data collected by observation and depth interviews with 13 vocal figure in Umbulharjo and Kepuharjo Village. By using thematic descriptive analysis, researchers identified socio-cultural resources in each tourism activities. This research found 5 roles of socio-cultural resources in this tourism development, they are as branding, attractions, rules, institutional and development catalyst.

Keywords: Disaster Prone tourism; Merapi Mount; Socio-cultural Resources; Tourism

Article Metrics:

  1. Anholt, S. (2005). Brand New Justice: How Branding Places and Products Can Help The Developing World. Oxford: Palgrave Macmillan.
  2. Anholt, S. (2009). Places: Identity, Image and Reputation. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  3. Antar, Y. (2010). Pesan dari Wae Rebo. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka.
  4. Barnes, T. J. (2004). Placing ideas : Genius Loci, Heterotopia and Geography’s Quantitative Revolution. The Progress in Human Geography, 5, 565–595.
  5. Briassoulis, H. (2002). Sustainable Tourism and The Question of The Commons. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 1065–1085. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(02)00021-X
  6. Briassoulis, H. (2015). Tourism and Common Pool Resources. In C. M. Hall, S. Gössling, & D. Scott (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of tourism and Sustainability (pp. 92–104). New York: Routledge.
  7. Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books.
  8. Getz, D. (2007). Event Studies: Theory, research and policy for planned events (1st ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.
  9. Ife, J. (2005). Social Work Theories in Action. (M. Nash, R. Munford, & K. O’donoghue, Eds.). London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.
  10. Ife, J. (2008). Human Rights and Social Work Towards Right-based Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  11. Koentjaraningrat. (1986). Pengantar Antropologi. Jakarta: Aksara Baru.
  12. Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., & Pride, R. (2004). Destination Branding: Creating The Unique Destination Proposition (2nd ed.). Oxford: Elsevier Ltd. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2007.01.003
  13. Munawaroh, S., Murtolo, S. A., Budi, N. S., Triwahyono, T., & Adrianto, A. (1999). Peranan Kebudayaan Daerah Dalam Perwujudan Masyarakat Industri Pariwisata di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jakarta: Depdikbud RI.
  14. Norberg-Schulz, C. (1980). Genius Loci. Genius loci: Towards a phenomenology of architecture. New York: Rizzoli. http://doi.org/10.1038/35051162
  15. Pritchard, A., & Morgan, N. J. (2001). Culture, Identity and Tourism Representation: Marketing Cymru or Wales? Tourism Management, 22, 167–179.
  16. Saraswati. (2006). Peranan Pertimbangan Kearifan Budaya Lokal dalam Perencanaan Wilayah. Bandung.
  17. Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D (21st ed.). Bandung: Alfabeta.
  18. Sztompka, P. (2010). Sosiologi Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: Prenada Media.
  19. Trošt, K., Klarić, S., & Ružić, M. D. (2012). Events as a Framework for Tourist Destination Branding – Case Studies of Two Cultural Events in Croatia. Turizam, 16(2), 65–77.
  20. Tylor, E. B. (1974). Primitive Culture (3rd ed.). New York: Gordon Press.
  21. UNWTO. (2004). Indicators of Sustainable Development for Tourism Destinations: A Guidebook. Madrid.
  22. Wardiyanta. (2006). Metode Penelitian Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset.
  23. Wikantiyoso, R., & Tutuko, P. (2009). Kearifan Lokal Dalam Perencanaan dan Perancangan Kota: Untuk Mewujudkan Arsitektur Kota yang Berkelanjutan. Malang: Grup Konservasi Arsitektur dan Kota.
  24. Yoeti, O. A. (1996). Pemasaran Pariwisata. Bandung: Angkasa.
  25. Yoeti, O. A. (2002). Perencanaan Strategis Pemasaran Daerah Tujuan Wisata. Jakarta: PT. Perca.
  26. Yunus, R. (2014). Nilai Nilai Kearifan Lokal (Local Genius) Sebagai Penguat Karakter Bangsa: Studi Empiris Tentang Huyula (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Last update: 2021-01-26 00:30:33

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-01-26 00:30:35

No citation recorded.