skip to main content

Strategi Penghidupan Berkelanjutan Masyarakat Berbasis Aset di Sub DAS Pusur, DAS Bengawan Solo

*Rathna Wijayanti  -  Program Studi S3 Ilmu Lingkungan, Indonesia
M. Baiquni  -  Fakultas Geografi, Indonesia
Rika Harini  -  Fakultas Geografi, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan

Citation Format:
Abstract

In coping with water insufficiency and socio-economic culture problems, the strategy by combining the livelihoods assets which they have already owned and which are accessible has applied by the farmers at Pusur Sub-Watershed. The study aims to review the conditions of livelihoods assets owned and those which were accessible by the community, as well as to review the strategies of sustainable livelihoods of community-based on the asset in order to increase the living and to protect the environment sustainability in Pusur Sub-Watershed, Bengawan Solo Watershed. The method used was using quantitative and qualitative analysis through the questionnaire, in-depth interview, and observation techniques. The variables are used to value the condition of livelihoods assets are the human capital, natural capital, social capital, physical capital, and financial capital. The livelihood strategies were grouped into an intensification and extensification, diversification, and migration. The method of sampling area and purposive sampling are applied to split the area of research into three, i.e. the upper part, middle part, and bottom part. The result showed that the highest asset owned by Sub-Watershed on the middle part, upper and the last is a bottom part. The physical capital would have the highest value in the whole area of Sub-Watershed if it compared to the other capitals. The intensification strategy on the upper part is agroforestry, while the middle and bottom have “panca usaha tani” strategy. The diversification strategy through livestock is taken in the upper part, while the strategies as the employee or hourly workers are found in the middle and bottom part. The migration strategies with the reason of marriage were dominating in the bottom and upper parts, while the middle part the migration is due to the work issues.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: assets-based; water insufficiency; livelihoods strategy

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language : ID
Statistics:
  1. Abdurrahim, A. Y. (2015). Kerentanan ekologi dan strategi penghidupan rumah tangga petani di Pantai Utara Indramayu (Unpublished master’s thesis). Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
  2. Bank Dunia. (2010). Adaptasi terhadap perubahan iklim. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTINDONESIA/Resources/Publication/280016-1235115695188/5847179-1258084722370/Adaptasi.terhadap.Perubahan.Iklim.pdf
  3. Baiquni, M. (2006). Pengelolaan sumber daya perdesaan dan strategi penghidupan rumah tangga di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta pada masa krisis (1998-2003) (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  4. Bappeda Kabupaten Klaten. (2010). Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Kabupaten Klaten tahun 2011 – 2031. Klaten: Bappeda Kabupaten Klaten
  5. DFID. (1999a, 2000d, 2001). Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets. Retrieved from www.livelihoods.org
  6. Ellis, F. (2000). Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries.Oxford: Oxford University Press
  7. Fraenkel, J. R, & Wallen, N. E. (1993). How to design and evaluate research in education. Singapore: McGraw-Hill
  8. Gay, L. R., & Diehl, P. L. (1992). Research methods for business and management. New York: Macmillan
  9. Meida, A. N. (2012). Konflik antar sektor di Kabupaten Klaten. Retrieved from http://www.kompasiana.com/avidnurmeida/konflik-antarsektor-di-kabupaten-klaten_551077c6a333119737ba82e8
  10. Mukbar, D. (2009). Studi literatur dalam penelitian from rural to global labor: Transnational migration and agrarian change in indonesia and the philippines. Kerjasama Yayasan AKATIGA Bandung dan Department of Geography University of the Philippines
  11. Mulyatun. (2016). Sumber Energi Terbarukan dan Pupuk Organik dari Limbah Kotoran Sapi. Jurnal DIMAS, 16(1), 19-214
  12. Pandit, B. H., Wagley, M.P., Neupane, R. P., & Raj, B. (2007). Watershed management and livelihoods: Lesson from Nepal. Journal of Forest and Livelihood, 6(2), 67-75
  13. PDAM Kota Solo. (2016). Homepage PDAM Kota Surakarta. Retrieved from http://www.pdamsolo.or.id/content/sejarah-pdam-kota-surakarta
  14. Saleh, E. (2016). Strategi penghidupan penduduk sekitar Danau Limboto Provinsi Gorontalo (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  15. Saragih, S. Lassa, J., & Ramli, A. (2007). Kerangka penghidupan berkelanjutan (Sustainable livelihood framework). Retrieved from http://www.zef.de/module/register/media/2390_SL-Chapter1.pdf
  16. Scale Up. (2011). Konflik sumber daya alam dan penghidupan yang berkelanjutan. Buletin Scale Up, II, 1-4. Retrieved from http://www.forestpeoples.org/sites/fpp/files/news/2012/02/Web-BuletinFord_02_2011.pdf
  17. Scoones, I. (1998). Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis.Working Paper No. 72. Retrieved from https://www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/david.harvey/AEF806/Sconnes1998.pdf
  18. Sosiawan, H., & Kartiwa, B. (2011). Pengelolaan sumber daya air terpadu di Kabupaten Klaten, tinjauan dari aspek hidrologi. Buletin Hasil Penelitian Agroklimat dan Hidrologi, 8, 41-45
  19. Surya, Sardi, I., & Aprolita. (2015). Penerapan teknologi oleh petani dalam usaha tani padi sawah pada program gerakan serentak tanam padi dua kali per tahun di Desa Simpang Datuk Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Jurnal Sosio Ekonomika Bisnis, 18(1), 72-82
  20. White, B. (1991). Economic diversification and agrarian change in rural Java 1900-1990. In Paul Alexander, P. Boomgaard, and B. White (Eds.), In the shadow of agriculture: Non-farm activities in the Javanese economy, past and present (pp.41-69). Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute

Last update: 2021-10-17 10:22:33

  1. Household adaptation address strategy in dealing with the ecological establishment in the expansion of palm plantation in Mamuju Central District, Indonesia

    R Fatmasari, D Salman, R Darma, Y Musa. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 235 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/235/1/012029
  2. Potential of Sustainable Fishery Resources at Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve, Riau Province, Indonesia

    Prima Wahyu Titisari, Tati Suryati Syamsudin, Achmad Sjarmidi, Elfis, Irina Safitri Zen, Yani Hendrayani. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 298 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/298/1/012025
  3. Community capacity in dealing with drought in gesi district, sragen regency

    G Prayogo, Ahmad, Nurhadi. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 683 (1), 2021. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/683/1/012063
  4. The community livelihoods strategy as a response to peat swamp forest ecosystem change and Covid-19 pandemic in Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, Indonesia

    N A Ulya, E A Waluyo, S Lestari, E Martin. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 758 (1), 2021. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/758/1/012024

Last update: 2021-10-17 10:22:33

  1. Landscape ecological changes and livelihood dilemma of the rural household around the oil palm plantation

    Fatmasari R.. International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 8 (6), 2018. doi: 10.18517/ijaseit.8.6.7257
  2. Household adaptation address strategy in dealing with the ecological establishment in the expansion of palm plantation in Mamuju Central District, Indonesia

    R Fatmasari, D Salman, R Darma, Y Musa. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 235 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/235/1/012029
  3. Potential of Sustainable Fishery Resources at Giam Siak Kecil-Bukit Batu Biosphere Reserve, Riau Province, Indonesia

    Prima Wahyu Titisari, Tati Suryati Syamsudin, Achmad Sjarmidi, Elfis, Irina Safitri Zen, Yani Hendrayani. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 298 , 2019. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/298/1/012025
  4. Mangrove forest utilization for sustainable livelihood through community-based ecotourism in kao village of north halmahera district

    Singgalen Y.A.. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26 (2), 2020. doi: 10.7226/JTFM.26.2.155
  5. Community capacity in dealing with drought in gesi district, sragen regency

    G Prayogo, Ahmad, Nurhadi. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 683 (1), 2021. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/683/1/012063
  6. Traditional farmers of Wamena tribes in Jayapura-Indonesia

    Timisela M.. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26 (1), 2020. doi: 10.7226/jtfm.26.1.34