Modal Sosial Masyarakat di Kawasan Penyangga Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai untuk Mendukung Skema Pengelolaan Berbasis Kemitraan

*Rahmat Hidayat  -  Program Doktor Ilmu Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Djoko Marsono scopus  -  Departemen Konservasi Sumberdaya Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Sahid Susanto scopus  -  Departemen Teknik Pertanian dan Biosistem, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Ronggo Sadono orcid scopus  -  Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Received: 7 Oct 2019; Published: 31 Aug 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.8.2.130-146 View
Copyright Transfer Agreement
Subject
Type Copyright Transfer Agreement
  Download (596KB)    Indexing metadata
Open Access Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan
License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

Citation Format:
Abstract

Understanding about social capacital of community has an essential role in supporting the collaborative management of conservation area. This study aims to assess the characteristics of elements of social capital and measure the relationship of the effects of elements of social capital on social capital owned by communities around the buffer zone of Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai (TNGC). Study site was located in the upstream area of Cisanggarung watershed. Data collection was undertaken through three stages, i.e. literature study, field observation, and inteview. The analysis was conducted using confirmatory factor analysis and descriptive test. The results demonstrated that the social capacital of communities around the buffer zone of TNGC, even though in the same watershed ecosystem unit they had varied characteristics. This fact is proven by the differences in social capital categories and the most influential elements of social capital in the formation of social capital in rural areas that are buffer zones. In order to support the collaborative management in TNGC, the sub-elements of social capital which is at a very weak and weak level, as well as the most influential social capital element in the formation of social capital in each village, should be the main consideration in increasing social capital and preparing conservation collaborative programs that are will be done in each village.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Keywords: buffer zone; collaborative; confirmatory factor analysis; national park; social capital

Article Metrics:

  1. Anderson, J. E. (2003). Public policy making: An introduction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company
  2. Asari, A., Toloh, B. H., & Sangari. (2014). Pengembangan ekowisata bahari berbasis masyarakat di Desa Bahoi, Kecamatan Likupang Barat, Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Jurnal Ilmiah Platax, 2(1), 25–32
  3. Asdak, C. (2002). Hidrologi dan pengelolaan daerah aliran sungai. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
  4. Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai. (2015). Review rencana pengelolaan taman nasional Gunung Ciremai tahun 2016 - 2025. BTNGC. Kuningan: BTNGC
  5. Barnes-Mauthe, M., Gray, S. A., Arita, S., Lynham, J., & Leung, P. S. (2014). What determines social capital in a social–ecological system? Insights from a network perspective. Environmental Management, 55(2), 392–410. doi: 10.1007/s00267-014-0395-7
  6. Barnes-Mauthe, M., Oleson, K. L. L., Brander, L. M., Zafindrasilivonona, B., Oliver, T. A., & van Beukering, P. (2015). Social capital as an ecosystem service: Evidence from a locally managed marine area. Ecosystem Services, 16(November), 283–293. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.10.009
  7. Bauto, L. M. (2014). Perspektif agama dan kebudayaan dalam kehidupan masyarakat Indonesia (Suatu tinjauan sosiologi agama). JPIS, Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial, 23(2), 11–25
  8. Bisung, E., Elliott, S. J., Schuster-Wallace, C. J., Karanja, D. M., & Bernard, A. (2014). Social capital, collective action and access to water in rural Kenya. Social Science and Medicine, 119, 147–154. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.07.060
  9. Budiaji, W. (2013). Skala pengukuran dan jumlah respon skala likert. Ilmu Pertanian dan Perikanan, 2(2), 127–133
  10. Direktorat Konservasi Kawasan. (2018). Buku kemitraan konservasi. (A. Supriyanto, B. Sya’bani, A. Paramita, & Syaiful, Eds.). Jakarta: Direktorat Kawasan Konservasi
  11. Effendi, A. D., Barkey, R. A., & Jamil, M. H. (2014). Strategi pengembangan program pemberdayaan masyarakat pada model desa konservasi di Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate. Jurnal Sains & Teknologi, 14(2), 151–161
  12. Fukuyama, F. (2001). Social capital, civil society and development. Third World Quarterly, 22(1), 7–20. doi: 10.1080/01436590020022547
  13. Grootaert, C., Narayan, D., Jones, V. N., & Woolcock, M. (2004). Measuring social capital. Washington, D.C: The World Bank. doi: 10.1596/0-8213-5661-5
  14. Groothuis, P. ., & Miller, G. . (1997). The role of social distrust in risk-benefit analysis: A study of the siting of a hazardous waste disposal facility. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 15(3), 241–257. doi: 10.1023/A:1007757326382
  15. Hakim, F. N., & Wibisono, G. (2017). Modal sosial petani tembakau untuk peningkatan kesejahteraan sosial. Jurnal PKS, 16(4), 369–380
  16. Hamdan, H., Achmad, A., & Mahbub, A. S. (2017). Persepsi masyarakat terhadap status kawasan suaka margasatwa Ko’mara Kabupaten Takalar. Jurnal Hutan Dan Masyarakat, 9(2), 105. doi: 10.24259/jhm.v9i2.2974
  17. Innah, H. S., Suharjito, D., Dharmawan, A. H., & Darusman, D. (2013). Collective action typologies and reforestation in indigenous community of Biak-Papua, XIX(April), 11–22. doi: 10.7226/jtfm.19.1.11
  18. Jones, N, Clark, J. R. A., Panteli, M., Proikaki, M., & Dimitrakopoulos, P. G. (2012). Local social capital and the acceptance of Protected Area policies : An empirical study of two Ramsar river delta ecosystems in northern Greece. Journal of Environmental Management, 96(1), 55–63. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.10.012
  19. Jones, Nikoleta, Malesios, C., & Botetzagias, I. (2009). The influence of social capital on willingness to pay for the environment among European citizens. European Societies, 11(4), 511–530. doi: 10.1080/14616690802624168
  20. Lestari, T., Agussabti, & Alibasyah, M. R. (2014). Partisipasi masyarakat adat dalam konservasi sumberdaya hutan di Kecamatan Kota Jantho Kabupaten Aceh Besar. Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan, 3(2), 506–516
  21. Marliani, R. (2010). Pengukuran dalam penelitian psikologi. Psympathic, Jurnal Ilmiah Psikolgi, III(1), 107–120
  22. Massiri, S. D., Nugroho, B., Kartodihardjo, H., & Soekmadi, R. (2016). Preferensi dan motivasi masyarakat lokal dalam pemanfaatan sumberdaya hutan di taman nasional Lore Lindu, Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 23(2), 215. doi: 10.22146/jml.18793
  23. Much, I., Subroto, I., Farisa, S., & Haviana, C. (2016). Sistem informasi angket pengukuran skala kebutuhan materi pembelajaran tambahan sebagai pendukung pengambilan keputusan di Sekolah Menengah Atas menggunakan skala likert. Jurnal Transistor Elektro dan Informatika, 1(2), 1–12. doi: 10.30659/ei.1.1.1-12
  24. Narsuka, Retnowati, D., & Setiawan, B. (2009). Persepsi dan peranserta masyarakat lokal dalam pengelolaan Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi: Kasus Desa Umbulharjo, Kecamatan Cangkringan, Kabupaten Sleman. Universitas Gajah Mada
  25. Negara, P. D. (2011). Rekontruksi kebijakan pengelolaan kawasan konservasi berbasis kearifan lokal sebagai kontribusi menuju pengelolaan sumberdaya alam yang Indonesia. Jurnal Konstitusi, 4(2), 91–138
  26. Nordiansyah, H., Ismail, & Bakrie, I. (2016). Penilaian efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi di kawasan cagar alam Padang Luway Kabupaten Kutai Barat. Jurnal Agrifor, 16. doi: 10.31293/af.v15i1.1780
  27. Nugrahani, T. S., Suharni, S., & Saptatiningsih, R. I. (2019). Potential of social capital and community participation in village development. Jejak, 12(1), 68–85. doi: 10.15294/jejak.v12i1.15775
  28. Oja, H., & Serano, V. (2016). Analisis pengembangan modal sosial masyarakat dalam mewujudkan pembangunan berkelanjutan di Kampung Tambat Distrik Tanah Miring Kabupaten Merauke. Societas : Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi dan Sosial, 5(02), 73–87. doi: 10.35724/sjias.v5i02.560
  29. Oktadiyani, P., Muntasib, E. K. S. H., & Sunkar, A. (2013). Modal sosial masyarakat di kawasan penyangga Taman Nasional Kutai (TNK) dalam pengembangan ekowisata. Media Konservasi, 18(1), 1–9. doi: 10.29243/medkon.18.1
  30. Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from wtf.tw/ref/ostrom_1990.pdf
  31. Petts, J. (1998). Trust and waste management information expectation versus observation. Journal of Risk Research, 1(4), 307–320. doi: 10.1080/136698798377079
  32. Pranadji, T. (2016). Penguatan modal sosial untuk pemberdayaan masyarakat pedesaan dalam pengelolaan agroekosistem lahan kering studi kasus di desa-desa (Hulu DAS) ex proyek bangun desa, Kabupaten Gunungkidul dan ex proyek pertanian lahan kering, Kabupaten Boyolali. Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 24(2), 178. doi: 10.21082/jae.v24n2.2006.178-206
  33. Prayogi, R., & Danial, E. (2016). Pergeseran nilai-nilai budaya pada suku bonai sebagai civic culture di Kecamatan Bonai Darussalam Kabupaten Rokan Hulu Provinsi Riau. Humanika, 23(1), 61. doi: 10.14710/humanika.23.1.61-79
  34. Qurniati, R., Febryano, I. G., & Zulfiani, D. (2017). How trust influence social capital to support collective action in agroforestry development ? Biodiversitas, 18(3), 1201–1206. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d1844
  35. Ristianasari, R., Muljono, P., & S. Gani, D. (2016). Dampak program pemberdayaan model desa konservasi terhadap kemandirian masyarakat: Kasus di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan Lampung. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 10(3), 173–185. doi: 10.20886/jsek.2013.10.3.173-185
  36. Roslinda, E. (2018). Social capital of the community in the management of Danau Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 19(4), 1249–1257. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d190410
  37. Roslinda, E., Ekyastuti, W., & Kartikawati, S. M. (2017). Social capital of community forest management on Nusapati Village, Mempawah District, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 18(2), 548–554. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d180215
  38. Roslinda, E. M. I. (2018). Social capital of the community in the management of Danau Sentarum National Park , West Kalimantan , Indonesia, 19(4), 1249–1257. doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d190410
  39. Sabir, L. O., Avenzora, R., & Winarno, G. D. (2018). Stakeholders perception for ecotourism development in Tesso Nilo National Park. Media Konservasi, 23(1), 1–8. doi: 10.29243/medkon.23.1.1-8
  40. Sadono, Y. (2013). Peran serta masyarakat dalam pengelolaan Taman Nasional Gunung Merbabu di Desa Jeruk Kecamatan Selo, Kabupaten Boyolali. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah & Kota, 9(1), 53. doi: 10.14710/pwk.v9i1.6526
  41. Saefulrahman, I. (2015). Kepemimpinan, modal sosial, dan pembangunan desa. Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 1(1), 149–166. doi: 10.24198/cosmogov.v1i1.11804
  42. Sukoco, B. M., & Hardi, H. (2013). Pengaruh modal sosial pada perilaku berbagi pengetahuan dan kinerja: Studi kasus di pemasok komponen otomotif Astra group. Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi, 12(3). doi: 10.12695/jmt.2013.12.3.2
  43. Sulistyorini, I. S., Poedjirahajoe, E., Rahayu, L., & Faida, W. (2018). Social capital in mangrove utilization for silvofishery : Case study in Kutai National Park, Indonesia, 24(August), 60–69. doi: 10.7226/jtfm.24.2.60
  44. Supranto, J. (2000). Statistik: Teori dan aplikasi jilid 2 (6th ed.). Jakarta: PT Erlangga
  45. Szulecka, J., & Secco, L. (2014). Local institutions, social capital and their role in forest plantation governance: lessons from two case studies of smallholder plantations in Paraguay. International Forestry Review, 16(2), 180–190. doi: 10.1505/146554814811724810
  46. Uphoff, N. (2000). Understanding social capital: learning from the analysis and experience of participation. In P. Dasgupta & I. Serageldin (Eds.), Social Capital: A Multifaceted Perspective. Washington D.C: World Bank
  47. Wartiharjono, S. (2017). Potensi konflik dan pembentukan modal sosial : belajar dari sebuah desa transmigran di Kalimantan Timur. Conflict potential and social capital construction : a case study of a transmigrant village in East Kalimantan. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, 30, 84–93. doi: 10.20473/mkp.V30I12017.84-93
  48. Wijayanto, S. H. (2008). Structural equation modeling dengan lisrel 8 . 8. Konsep & Tutorial. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu
  49. Wiratno. (2018). Sepuluh cara baru kelola kawasan konservasi di Indonesia: Membangun “Organisasi Pembelajar.” (S. Bisro, Ed.). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal KSDAE Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan
  50. Yanto, E. W. B. (2012). Partisipasi masyarakat dalam usaha konservasi hutan. Journal of Educational Social Studies, 1(1), 8–12

Last update: 2021-03-05 13:59:41

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-03-05 13:59:42

No citation recorded.