skip to main content

Kajian Isu Pemekaran di Kota Medan: Tinjauan berdasarkan Kondisi Ketimpangan Wilayah

*Cynthia Mutiara Pasaribu  -  Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Indonesia
Open Access Copyright (c) 2015 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan

Citation Format:
Abstract

Development disparity between the northern and southern parts of Medan raises segregation demand for four sub-districts in the northern side. This study purposes to analyze the gap condition in economic, social demography, and infrastructure services associated with the demand. The analyses cover several methods, i.e. descriptive statistics, correlation, and crosstab analysis, and verify the statistical analysis results by using interview method. The correlation analysis shows that there is a correlation between the disparity and segregation issues. The four sub-districts which have segregation issue are Medan Labuhan, Medan Marelan, Medan Belawan, and Medan Deli. They experience worse infrastructure disparity than the economic and social ones. The crosstab analysis shows that the education facilities especially senior high school level, population density, and labor variables have contributed significantly to the regional disparity. It indicates that the availability of infrastructure is associated with regional segregation because it reflects the regional growth performance.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: regional economy; regional disparities; infrastructure service; regional segregation; social demography

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Research Articles
Language : ID
Statistics:
Share:
  1. Birthal, P. S., Singh, H., & Kumar, S. (2011). Agriculture, economic growth and regional disparities in India. Journal of International Development, 23, 119-131. doi: 10.1002/jid.1606
  2. BPS Kota Medan. (2010). Kota Medan dalam angka 2010. Medan: BPS Kota Medan
  3. Canaleta, C. G., Arzoz, P. P., & Garate, M. R. (2002). Structural change, infrastructure and convergence in the regions of the European Union. European Urban and regional Studies, 9(2), 115-135, doi: 10.1177/096977640200900202
  4. Creswell, J. (2013). Research design: Pendekatan kualitatif, kuantitatif dan mixed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
  5. Demurger, S. (2001). Infrastructure development and economic growth: An explanaton for regional disparities in China? Journal of Comparative Economics, 29(1), 95-117. doi: 10.1006/jcec.2000.1693
  6. Dwiastuti, R. (2012). Metode penelitian sosial: Rancangan instrumen penelitian. Modul Kuliah Fakultas Agrikultur Universitas Brawijaya, Malang International Daylight Monitoring Programme. Retrieved from http://idmp.entpe.fr/
  7. Hu, D. (2002). Trade, rural-urban migration, and regional income disparity in developing countries: A spatial general equilibrium model inspired by the case of China. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 32(3), 311-338. doi: 10.1016/S0166-0462(01)00075-8
  8. Khairunnisa, A., & Hidayat, P. (2015). Analisis disparitas pembangunan ekonomi antar kecamatan di Kota Medan. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan, 3(6), 448-463
  9. Kumar, M., Singh, P., & Anil. (2015). Regional disparity in the level of ingrastructural development in Haryana. The International Journal of Sciences and Humanities Invention, 2(10), 1663-1668. doi: 10.18535/ijsshi/v2i10.07
  10. Midadan, M. (2015). Dana perimbangan dan alokasi belanja modal serta implikasinya terhadap ketimpangan daerah di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan (Unpublished undergraduate thesis). Program Ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Universitas Hasanuddin, Makasar)
  11. Mopangga, H. (2011). Analisis ketimpangan pembangunan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi di Provinsi Gorontalo. Trikonomika, 10(1), 40-51
  12. Nurhuda, R., Muluk, M. R. K., & Prasetyo, W. Y. (2013). Analisis ketimpangan pembangunan (Studi Provinsi Jawa Timur tahun 2005-2011). Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), 1(4), 110-119
  13. Rokhman, W. (2012). Analisis disparitas pendapatan kabupaten/ kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2007-2009. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 1(1). doi: 10.15294/edaj.v1i1.327
  14. Rondriguez-Oreggia, E. (2005). Regional disparities and determinants of growth in Mexico. The Annals of Regional Science, 39, 207-220. doi: 10.1007/s00168-004-0218-5
  15. Santosa, S. H. (2015). Disparitas pertumbuhan ekonomi dan pembangunan ekonomi wilayah di Satuan Wilayah Pembangunan IV Propinsi Jawa Timur. Media Trend, 10(2), 116-128
  16. Sugianto, M. (2012). Mengolah data bisnis dengan SPSS 20. Jakarta: PT. Elex Media Komputindo
  17. Todaro, M. P., & dan Smith, S. C. (2003). Pembangunan ekonomi dunia ketiga (Wisnu C. Kristiaji, Trans.). Jakarta: PT. Gelora Aksara Pratama, Erlangga
  18. Usman, H., & Akbar, P.S. (2008). Pengantar statistika (Edisi kedua). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.