The Level of Climate Change Awareness among Citizens of Bitung City, Indonesia

*Syamsudin Nggole -  Dinas Perumahan dan Permukiman Kota Bitung, Indonesia
Wido Prananning Tyas -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Wisnu Pradoto -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 4 Sep 2018; Published: 30 Apr 2019.
Open Access
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Section: Articles
Language: EN
Statistics: 116
Abstract

Knowledge about citizen’s level of climate change awareness is needed to establish an appropriate policy to cope with climate change hazard particularly in a highly vulnerable country like Indonesia.  However, research regarding climate change awareness among citizens in the particular city of Indonesia is still sparse. This research aims to find out the level of climate change awareness among the citizen of Bitung, a medium-growing city in the eastern part of Indonesia. The survey method adopted for the research with 423 questionnaires conducted to the citizens of the city. Three variables were examined to determine the level of awareness of the citizens namely concern about climate’s variability, concern about causes of climate change, and concern about impacts of climate change. The findings showed that for the three variables the citizens of Bitung had a ”quite strong” awareness level. This finding will contribute to the recognition of citizens’ characteristics toward climate change which can be used as the foundation of climate change policy in Indonesia particularly government of Bitung City. Recommendations for the government were drawn based on the results to prevent the citizens from the impending disasters namely integrate climate change issue to the citizens’ daily life and integrate climate change issue into development program by establishing a special task force of climate change.

Keywords
awareness; Bitung City; citizens’ awareness; climate change

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