Pengaruh Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Tegalsari terhadap Kesejahteraan Pekerja

*Arief Diantoro -  Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Mussadun Mussadun -  Jurusan Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Published: 30 Apr 2015.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: ID
Full Text:
Statistics: 635 1087

Abstract
The existence of Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Tegalsari (PPP Tegalsari) or Tegalsari Fishing Harbor (TFH) is closely linked to the local livelihood where the job opportunities available to the local residents in pursuit of better living standards. However, there are economic disparities between the workers and business owners so that income inequality remains a critical issue here. This study aims to explore the activities in TFH and their influences on the workers' welfare. This study applies both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The former is applied for identifying the leading sectors and their impacts on the worker's welfare, and the latter is to explaining their activities comprehensively. The findings demonstrate that there are four main activities in TFH: services, trade, fishing enterprises, and supporting activities. The service activities are the leading sector with a score of 16. Meanwhile, the highest influencing activity which contributes to the workers' welfare is service activities with a score of 435. The study concludes that the activities in the TFH positively correlate to their income level which in turn contributes to their welfare improvement. Therefore, the government is recommended to providing greater service supports and the associated activities in order to create more equitable opportunities for all sectors. As for the business owners and private sectors, they are encouraged to pay more attention to their workers’ welfare from which the local economy could be accelerated.
Keywords
leading activity; the influence on the workers welfare; PPP Tegalsari

Article Metrics:

  1. Amarasinghe, O. (2005). Social welfare and social security in Sri Lanka fisheries. Retrieved from http://aquaticcommons.org/247/1/Sri_Lanka_Social_Security.pdf.
  2. BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik) Republik Indonesia. (2011). Statistik pendapatan rumah tangga usaha perikanan 2011. Indonesia: Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia.
  3. Eggert, H. & Greaker M. (2009). Effects of global fisheries on developing countries possibilities for income and threat of depletion. Environment for Development, EfD DP 09-02. Retrieved from http://www.rff.org/files/sharepoint/WorkImages/Download/EfD-DP-09-02.pdf.
  4. Johnsen, J. P., & Vik, J. (2013). Pushed or pulled? Understanding fishery exit in a welfare society context. Springer Maritime Studies, 12(4), 1-20. doi:10.1186/2212-9790-12-4.
  5. McEvoy, D. M., Brandt, S., Lavoie, N., & Anders, S. (2009). The effects of ITQ management on fishermen's welfare when the processing sector is imperfectly competitive. Land Economics, 85(3), 470-484. doi:10.3368/le.85.3.470.
  6. Nurdyana, E., Rosyid, A., & Boesono, H. (2013). Strategi peningkatan pemanfaatan fasilitas dasar dan fungsional Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Tegalsari Kota Tegal. Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology, 2(2), 35-45.
  7. Pass, C., & Lowes, B. (1994). Kamus lengkap ekonomi (Tumpul Rumpea dan Posman Haloho, Trans.). Jakarta: Erlangga.
  8. Rees, S. E., Rodwell, L. D., Searle, S., & Bell, A. (2013). Identifying the issues and options for managing the social impacts of Marine Protected Areas on a small fishing community. Fisheries Research, 146, 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2013.04.003.
  9. Rustam. (2002). “Pendapatan menurut standar akuntansi keuangan No. 23.” Retrieved from http://library.usu.ac.id/download/fe/akuntansi-rustam2. 25 Januari 2002.
  10. Standing, A. (2008). Corruption and industrial fishing in Africa. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre. U4 ISSUE 2008. Retrieved from http://www.cmi.no/publications/file/3189-corruption-and-commercial-fisheries-in-africa.pdf.
  11. Suherman, A., & Dault, A. (2009). Dampak sosial ekonomi pembangunan dan pengembangan Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara (PPN) pengambangan Jembrana Bali. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan, 4(2), 24-32.
  12. Suherman, A. (2010). Alternatif pengembangan Pelabuhan Perikanan Nusantara Brondong Lamongan Jawa Timur. Jurnal Saintek Perikanan, 5(2), 65-72.
  13. Sugiyono. (2008). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
  14. Sukirno, S. (2000). Makro ekonomi modern. Jakarta: PT Rajawali Persada.
  15. Yahya, E., Rosyid, A., & Suherman, A. (2012). Tingkat pemanfaatan fasilitas dasar dan fungsional dalam strategi peningkatan produksi di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Tegalsari Kota Tegal Jawa Tengah. Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology, 2(1), 56-65.