FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING URBAN ENERGY SECURITY : CITIZEN PERSPECTIVE

Yudha Prambudia, Arief Rahmana, Anita Juraida
DOI: 10.14710/jpk.7.1.34-45

Abstract


The ever increasing urban energy consumption has always been an important issue of urban energy security. Citizen plays critical role in shaping the energy consumption. Therefore, citizen perspective can give significant impact to urban energy security evaluation. This research aims to provide a systematic framework to measure urban energy security taking into account the perspective of citizen and showcase its implementation in a case of Bandung city. The proposed framework is a straight five stages process as follow; (1) establishing the urban context, (2) defining energy security relevant to the context, (3), determining dimensions of energy security , (4) determining indicators and and metrics, and (5) the final stage is calculating energy security. The implementation case shows Bandung’s energy security is at Middle Low status. It also verify that the framework is operationally viable and it can capture the significance of citizen perspective.


Keywords


Bandung; Citizen; Energy Security; Measurement Framework ; Urban

Full Text: PDF

References


Almeida, P, F.; Athayde, S.; Mossa, J.; Bohlman, S.; Leite, F.; Oliver-Smith, A. How much is enough? An integrated examination of energy security, economic growth and climate change related to hydropower expansion in Brazil. 2016. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 53, pp.1132-1136.

Andreas, L.; Moslener, U.; Rübbelke, D.T.G. 2010. Indicators of energy security in industrialised countries. Energy Policy, 38(4), pp.1665-1671.

Ang, B..; Choong, W.; Ng, T. 2015.Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 42, pp.1077-1093.

Asia Pasific Energy Research Centre (APERC). 2007. A Quest For Energy Security In The 21ST Century. Japan. APERC.

Bandung Government. Jumlah Penduduk Kota Bandung Menurut Kecamatan. 2017. Retrieved from: http://data.bandung.go.id/dataset/jumlah-penduduk-kota-bandung-menurut-kecamatan-dan-jumlah-kelurahan/resource/41312063-eac9-4788-a63d-45ad52a8d784

Chen, S.; Chen, B. 2015. Urban energy consumption: Different insights from energy flow analysis, input–output analysis and ecological network analysis. Applied Energy, 138, pp.99-107.

Chester, L. 2010. Conceptualising Energy Security and Making Explicit Its Polysemic Nature. Energy Policy, 38(2): 887-95.

Cherp, A.; Jewell, J. 2014. The concept of energy security: Beyond the four As. Energy Policy, 75, pp.415-421.

Cherp, A. 2012. Defining energy security takes more than asking around. Energy Policy, 48, pp.841-842.

Ekajati, E., S.; Hardjasaputra, S.; Mardiana, L. 1985. Sejarah Kota Bandung, 1945-1979. Bandung, Indonesia: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Sejarah Nasional.

Fang, D.; Shi, S.; Yu, Q. 2018. Evaluation of Sustainable Energy Security and an Empirical Analysis of China. Sustainability, 10(5), p.1685.

Greene, David L. 2010. Measuring energy security: Can the United States achieve oil independence?. Energy Policy, 38(4), pp. 1614-1621.

Gupta, E. 2008. Oil vulnerability index of oil-importing countries. Energy Policy, 36, pp.1195-1211.

Hoornweg, D.; Fleire, M.; Lee, M.J.; Tata, P.B.; Yuen, B. 2011. Cities and Climate Change:Responding to an Urgent Agenda. Washington, United States. World Bank Publications.

Hu, Z.; Ge, Y. 2014. The Geopolitical Energy Security Evaluation Method and a China Case Application Based on Politics of Scale. Sustainability, 6(9), pp.5682-5696.

International Energy Agency (IEA). 2011. World Energy Look. Retrieved from: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/WEO2013.pdf

Jääskeläinen, J.; Höysniemi, S.; Syri, S.; Tynkkynen, V. 2018. Finland’s Dependence on Russian Energy—Mutually Beneficial Trade Relations or an Energy Security Threat?. Sustainability, 10(10), p.3445.

Jewell, J.; Cherp, A.; Vinichenko, V.; Bauer, N.; Kober, T.; Mccollum, D.; Van Vuuren, D.; Van Der Zwaan, B. 2013. Energy Security Of China, India, The E.U. And The U.S. Under Long-Term Scenarios: Results From Six IAMs. Climate Change Economics, 04(04), p.1340011.

Kanchana, K.; Unesaki, H. 2015. Assessing Energy Security Using Indicator-Based Analysis: The Case of ASEAN Member Countries. Social Sciences, 4(4), pp.1269-1315.

Kharlamova, G.; Stavytskyy, A.; Chernyak, O. 2018. Analysis of Energy Security Provision in the European Countries. Innovative Business Development—A Global Perspective, pp. 111-131

Kruyt, B.; Vuuren, D, P.; Vries, H, J, M.; Groenenberg, H. 2009. Indicators for energy security. Energy Policy, 37(6), pp.2166-2181.

Kumar, S. 2016. Assessment of renewables for energy security and carbon mitigation in Southeast Asia: The case of Indonesia and Thailand. Applied Energy, 163, pp.63-70.

Lisin, E., Strielkowski, W., Chernova, V. and Fomina, A. 2018. Assessment of the Territorial Energy Security in the Context of Energy Systems Integration. Energies, 11(12), p.3284.

Martchamadol, J.; Kumar, S. Thailands energy security indicators. 2012. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(8), pp.6103-6122.

Narula, K.; Reddy, B. A SES (sustainable energy security) index for developing countries. 2016. Energy, 94, pp.326-343.

Prambudia, Y.; Nakano, M. 2012. Integrated Simulation Model for Energy Security Evaluation. Energies, 5(12), pp.5086-5110.

Prambudia, Y.; Nakano, M. 2012. Exploring Malaysia’s Transformation to Net Oil Importer and Oil Import Dependence. Energies, 5(8), pp.2989-3018.

Radovanović, M.; Filipović, S.; Pavlović, D. 2017. Energy security measurement – A sustainable approach. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68, pp.1020-1032.

Saaty, T. and Vargas, L. 2001. Models, methods, concepts & applications of the analytic hierarchy process. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Sovacool, B.; Saunders, H. 2014. Competing policy packages and the complexity of energy security. Energy, 67, pp.641-651.

Statistics of Bandung Municipality. 2017. Bandung Dalam Angka. Bandung, Indonesia: Statistics of Bandung Municipality.

Vivoda, V. 2010. Evaluating energy security in the Asia-Pacific region: A novel methodological approach. Energy Policy, 38(9), pp.5258-5263.

Von, H.D.; Suzuki, T.; Williams, J.; Savage, T.; Hayes, P. 2011. Energy security and sustainability in Northeast Asia. Energy Policy, 39(11), pp.6719-6730.

Watson, J.; Scott, A. 2009. New nuclear power in the UK: A strategy for energy security?. Energy Policy, 37(12), pp.5094-5104.

Wijaya, M.; Tezuka, T. 2013. A comparative study of households' electricity consumption characteristics in Indonesia: A techno-socioeconomic analysis. Energy for Sustainable Development, 17(6), pp.596-604.

Winzer, C. 2012. Conceptualizing energy security. Energy Policy, 46, pp.36-48.

Yang, J.; Chen, B. 2013. Measuring energy security—An urban perspective. Journal of Environmental Accounting and Management, 1(2), pp.119-128.

Yao, L.; Youngho, C. 2014. Energy security in China: A quantitative analysis and policy implications. Energy Policy, 67, pp.595-604.

Yergin, D. 2006 Ensuring Energy Security. Foreign Affairs, 85(2), p.69.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Pengembangan Kota

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.