The Importance of Indonesia’s Nationalism Revitalization in the Globalization Era: A Historical Perspective

*Singgih Tri Sulistiyono -  Department of History Faculty of Humanities Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Received: 2 Nov 2017; Published: 1 Jul 2018.
Open Access Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: EN
Full Text:
Statistics: 302 73
Abstract

This article analyze on how nationalism which is product of nineteenth century in Europe can be revitalized in facing the challenge of globalization. In Indonesian context, this issue is very urgent to be discussed considering the fact that the process of globalization tends to be confronted with the spirit of nationalism. Sometime nationalism is viewed as an obsolete tradition that should be revitalized. But there are still many people who believe that nationalism is still indispensable in the face of an increasing wave of globalization. However nationalism must be revitalized in order to be able to face the challenge of globalization.For this purpose, it is very interesting to strengthen the spirit of nationalism by revitalizing it for improving the nation competitiveness in facing the expansion of globalization. The questions are in what wayscouldnationalismbe revitalizedinorder to improve thenationcompetitivenesstoface theglobal competition?In addition, the fundamentalquestionto be askediswhydoes Indonesiannationalismneed to be revitalized? What is wrongwithIndonesiannationalism?IfIndonesiannationalismcan berevitalized, howis it done?Those are set of questionsthatwill bediscussedin thispaper.

Keywords
Nationalism; Globalization; Nationalism Revitalization; Nation Competitiveness; Historical Perspective

Article Metrics:

  1. Anderson, Bennedict, “Old State, New Society: Indonesia's New Order in Comparative Historical Perspective.” Journal of Asian Studies 42 (May 1983): 477-496.
  2. Cribb, Robert Historical Atlas of Indonesia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2000.
  3. Handelman, Howard. The Challengse of Third World Development, 3rd Edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2003.
  4. Henley, David. Nationalism and Regionalism in a Colonial Context: Minahasa in the Dutch East Indies. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1996.
  5. Hering, Bob. Soekarno: Founding Father of Indonesia 1901-1945. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2000.
  6. Houben, V.J.H. ‘Java in the 19th Century: Consolidation of A Territorial State’, in Howard Dick, The Emergence of A National Economy: An Economic History of Indonesia, 1800-2000. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002.
  7. Kartodirdjo, Sartono. Protest Movements in Rural Jawa. Oxford, New York, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1978.
  8. Lindblad, J. Th. ‘The Outer Islands in the 19th Century: Contest for Periphery’, in Howard Dick, The Emergence, of A National Economy: An Economic History of Indonesia, 1800-2000. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2002.
  9. Lindblad, J.Th. ‘De Opkomst van de Buitengewesten’, in: A.H.P. Clemens & J.Th. Linblad (eds), Het belang van de Buitengesten: Economische Expansie en koloniale Staatsvorming in de Buitengewesten van Nederlandsch-Indië 1870-1942. Amsterdam: NEHA, 1989.
  10. Lulofs, C. Onze. Politiek Tegenover de Buitenbezittingen. Batavia: Van Dorp, 1908.
  11. Ricklefs, M. C. A History of Modern Indonesia since ca. 1300. London: Macmillan, 1981.
  12. Steger, Manfred B. Trans Heru Prasetia. Globalisme: Bangkitnya Ideologi Pasar (Globalism: The Rise of Market Ideology). Yogyakarta: Lafadl, 2006.
  13. Sulistiyono, Singgih Tri. “Maritime Dynamics of Nusantara: Historical Reflections on Indonesian Economic Expansion and Integration as Maritime State”. Keynote Speech delivered on the International Seminar on The Maritime Dynamics from the Perspective of Literature and History, Semarang: Faculty of Letters Diponegoro University, 15th December 2007.
  14. Sulistiyono, Singgih Tri, “Nasionalisme, Negara-Bangsa, dan Integrasi Nasional: Masih Perlukah?” Jurnal Sejarah Citra Lekha 3, no. 1 (2018).
  15. Touwen, Jeroen, “The Economic History of Indonesia”, in http://eh.net/ encyclopedia/ article/touwen.indonesia, retrieved on 9 June 2017.
  16. “Ribuan Perajin Tahu dan Tempe Demo di Istana” [Thousands of tofu and tempe manufacturers run demonstration in the Palace], in: http://internasional.kompas.com/read/2008/01/14/10380239/ ribuan.perajin.tahu.dan.tempe.demo.di.istana, retrieved on 9 June 2017.
  17. “Bangsa Kasihan” [Pity nation] in http://www.sutrisnobudiharto.net/2015/09/puisi-kahlil-gibran-bangsa-kasihan.html, retrieved on 7 June 2017.
  18. ”Utang Nominal Diproyeksikan Rp1.325 Triliun” (The Nominal Debt is Projected to be IDR 1.325 trillions, in: http://suaramerdeka.com/cybernews /harian/0707/11/nas4.htm, retrieved on 20th January 2014.