skip to main content

Faktor Risiko yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian HIV/AIDS pada Laki-Laki Umur 25 - 44 Tahun di Kota Dili, Timor Leste

*Maria Amelia  -  Universitas De Paz Timor Leste, Timor-Leste
Suharyo Hadisaputro  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Budi Laksono  -  Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Anies Anies  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:

Background: The development of HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world has led to a global problem and it is one of public health problems in East Timor. The age group of 25-44 years old is sexually active and productive group who needs to get a good review.

Methods: This research used a case-control study design reinforced with qualitative data. The number of respondents was 112 respondents, including 56 cases (males with HIV/AIDS) and
56 controls (males who did not suffer from HIV/AIDS). The research instruments were:
questionnaires and interviews. The data analysis used univariate, bivariate (chi-square test)
and multivariate (logistic regression test).

Results: The variables proven to affect the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in males were age (OR =
3.937; 95% CI = 1.564-9.908; p = 0.004), and alcohol consumption habits (OR = 7.658; 95%
CI = 2.641-22.205 ; p = 0.0001). condom use (OR = 3.308; 95% CI = 1.469-7.450; p = 0.006) and access to localization (OR = 3.000; 95% CI = 1.348-6.678; p = 0.011). The variables which were not proven to be risk factors for the prevalence of HIV/AIDS were the level of education, knowledge, attitudes, promiscuous habits, drug use status, condom use, and socio- cultura.

Conclusion: The risk factors proven to affect the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in males are age and alcohol consumption habits, the use of condoms and access to illegal localization. They are risky behaviors for HIV/AIDS with the probability of 63.02%.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: risk factors; HIV/AIDS; male, age, Dili

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Articles
Language : ID
  1. Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2010. Report The Achievement of The Millennium Goals Development Indonesia. Jakarta
  2. Nasronudin. 2007. HIV dan AIDS: Pendekatan Biologi Molekuler Klinis dan Sosial. Surabaya: Airlangga Universitas Press. pp. 1-130
  3. WHO. 2013.Technical Working Group of The Development of an HIV/AIDS Diagnostic Support Toolkit [cited diakses: Semarang, Selasa 9 Juli 2013
  4. UNAIDS. 2013. Report on The Global AIDS Epidemi. Geneva: WHO
  5. A.MFAR. 2012. Achieving an AIDS- Free Generation for Gay Men and Other MSM. New York: Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
  6. William J.A, Ulf. H, Eliette V, Birgita E. 2013. Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Related to HIV/AIDS in Nicaragua A Community Level Perspective. Sexual& Reproductive Health Care
  7. Kaldor J, Sadjimin T, Suharyo. et al. 2000. Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales. Departemen Kesehatan
  8. Kementrian Kesehatan Timor Leste. 2013. Laporan Data Statistik Survei kelompok umur 28-44 tahun lebih berisiko menderita HIV/AIDS dibandingkan dengan responden yang berumur 25-27 tahun
  9. Beaglehole R, Bonita R, Kjellstrom T. Basic Epidemiology. 2nd Edition. Geneva: WHO.pp.44-66
  10. Notoatmodjo, S. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. pp.41-44

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.