skip to main content

Faktor Risiko Kejadian Stroke Iskemik pada Penderita Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 (Studi Kasus di RSUP Dr Kariadi Semarang)

*Ratna Muliawati  -  Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Kendal, Indonesia
Tjokorda Gde Dalem Pemayun  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Suharyo Hadisaputro  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Widiastuti Samekto  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Hari Peni Juliati  -  Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

Background : Stroke is the second leading cause of death and a major cause of long term disability. The prevalence of stroke in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were increased. Diabetic patients have 3-4 times greater risk for ischemic stroke than non-diabetic. Information regarding risk factors for ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus is still limited. This study propose to determine risk factors of ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes patients.
Methods : Observational-analytic with case-control design study and qualitative data. Two groups of patients were include in this study, 48 ischemic stroke patient s with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 48 ischemic stroke without diabetes mellitus in Kariadi hospital, used by consecutive sampling. Data were collected by medical records and indepth interview. Data were analyzed by multiple logistic regression and content analysis.
Results : Risk factors of ischemic stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are hypertension (OR 5.42; 95% CI 1.40 to 20.93), fasting blood glucose levels ≥ 100 mg/dL(OR=
2.72; 95%CI=1.13 to 6.56), and microalbuminuria (OR=10.92; 95%CI= 1.46 to 81.66). Age,sex, working status, cholesterol levels, triglycerid levels, HDL levels, LDL levels, total cholesterol/HDL ratio, triglyceride/HDL ratio, LDL/HDL ratio, and hyperuricemia are not statistically significant as a risk factors of ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Conclusion: Hipertension, fasting blood glucose levels ≥ 100 mg/dL and microalbuminuria are significantly risk factors of ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Microalbuminuria is the most dominant risk factor in stroke patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Risk factors; ischemic stroke in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients

Article Metrics:

Article Info
Section: Articles
Language : ID
Statistics:
Share:
  1. Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2010 . Re- port on The Achievementof The Mil- lennium Goalds Development Indonesia. Jakarta
  2. Nasronudin. 2007. HIV dan AIDS;Pendekatan Biologi Molekuler, Klinis dan Sosial. Surabaya: Airlangga Universitas Press.pp.1-130
  3. WHO.2007.Technical Working Group of The Development an HIV/AIDS Diagnostic Support Toolkit
  4. UNAIDS.2013. Report on The Global AIDS Epidemi. Geneva: WHO
  5. AMFAR. 2012. Achieving an AIDS- Free Generation for Gay Men and Other MSM. New York: Department of Epidemiology Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
  6. William J.A, Ulf. H, Eliette V, Birgita E. 2013. Assessing Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Related to HIV/AIDS in Nicaragua A Community Level Perspective
  7. Kaldor J, Sadjimin T,Suharyo. et al. 2000. Epidemiologi and Clinical Research, The University of New South Wales. Departemen Kesehatan
  8. Kementrian Kesehatan Timor Leste. 2013. Laporan Data Statistik Survei- lan tahun 2003 s/d 2012. Dili: Dinas Kesehatan Kota Bagian Surveilans.pp
  9. -39
  10. Beaglehole R, Bonita R, Kjellstrom T. 2006. Basic Epidemiology. 2nd edition. Geneva: WHO.pp.44-66
  11. Notoatmodjo, S. 2010. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.pp.41-44
  12. Simanjuntak. 2010. Analisis Faktor Risiko Penularan HIV/AIDS di Kota Medan. Journal Pembangunan Manusia. Volume 4 No. 12
  13. Saleh A. 2011. Risk Factor of ARVs Treatment Failure In HIV-Infected Patient. Semarang: RSUP DR.Kariadi
  14. Carter. 2011. Alkohol Meningkatkan Keinginan Untuk Berhubungan Seks Tanpa Kondom, in http//:spiritia.or.id. Yayasan Spiritia
  15. Adih W, Alexander. 1999. Determinants of Condom Use to Prevent HIV Infection Among Youth in Ghana. Journal of Adolescent Health; 24.pp.63-72

Last update:

No citation recorded.

Last update:

No citation recorded.