The Changes of House’s Spatial Caused by The User’s Religiosity in Pondok Indah Housing Estate Semarang

Annisa Dhia Zalva  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
*Sumayya Ahida Fikri  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Atiek Suprapti  -  Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia
Received: 11 Dec 2018; Revised: 25 Dec 2018; Accepted: 11 Jan 2019; Published: 27 Mar 2019; Available online: 27 Mar 2019.
Open Access Copyright 2019 Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: EN
Full Text:
Supp. File(s):
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (6MB)    Indexing metadata
Untitled
Subject
Type Research Instrument
  Download (3MB)    Indexing metadata
Statistics: 98 86

Abstract

Indonesia is a country with a majority Muslim population, which has been increasing its population every year. The increase in population is also accompanied by an increase in the need for residential houses. Residential houses that are now being developed are mostly located in a housing estate created by developers with the same physical form. This causes many phenomena to change the shape and spatial changes of the house due to the needs of different residents. One of those needs, is the need for religiosity to obey the teachings of religion. The example of places that experience the phenomenon of the change are Pondok Indah Housing Estate Semarang. Pondok Indah is a housing estate that has established for a long time and has undergone many changes in its houses. This research seeks to see how spatial changes occurs in Pondok Indah housing estate and how religiosity plays a role in these changes. Religiosity refers to the values of Muslim society based on the conception of Hablum Minallah, hablum minannas wa hablum minal ‘Alamien which means an islamic harmony of relations between humans and Allah, with each other, and with their natural environment. The retrieval of research data is done by interview and observation methods. In the changes in the spatial of houses in Pondok Indah Semarang housing estate there is an influence of religiosity on several aspects, including zoning, space, circulation, and spatial organization. These changes intentionally or not, have led to houses that are in accordance with the concepts of Islamic practice, namely Hablum Minallah, Hablum Minannas, and Hablum Minal ‘Alamin. The concept of Hablum Minallah's practice influences the changes in organizational and spatial aspects, Hablum Minannas influences the changes in zoning and spatial aspects, and Hablum Minal Alamin influences the change in aspects of circulation.

Note: This article has supplementary file(s).

Keywords
Change, House, Islam, Layout, Religiosity

Article Metrics:

  1. Akhyar, Z., Matnuh, H., & Patimah, S. (2015). Implementasi Toleransi Antar Umat Beragama di Desa Kolam Kanan Kecamatan Barambai Kabupaten Barito Kuala. Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Vol.5 (No 9) .
  2. Budiono & Anggraeni, L.K. (2017). Desain Toilet dan Tempat Wudhu Masjid. Jurnal Desain Interior, Vol.2 (No.1).
  3. Hermawan, M (2014). Explorasi ”Rumah Tinggal Islami” di Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Arsitektur Arsitektur Melayu dan Lingkungan, Vol 1 (No 1), 1-10.
  4. Kementrian Agama Republik Indonesia (2014). Al-Qur’an Al-Karim dan Terjemahannya. Surabaya, Indonesia : Halim Publishing & Distributing.
  5. Mustafa, M., Wikantari, R., Harisah, A., Muftiradja, A. (2015). Kajian Tekstual Nilai-nilai KeIslaman untuk Arsitektur Rumah Tinggal. In Proceedings of the IPLBI Scientific Meeting. Manado, Indonesia : IPLBI (Ikatan Peneliti Lingkungan Binaan Indonesia).
  6. Nurjayanti, W. & Ronald, A. (2011). Rekayasa Model Disain Rumah Islami Berdasar Studi Eksplorasi Pada Permukiman di Komplek Masjid Menara Kudus. Artikel Publikasi Penelitian Hibah Bersaing.
  7. Nurjayanti, W., Aly, A., & Ronald,R. (2014). Karakteristik Rumah Tinggal dengan Pendekatan Nilai Islami. In RAPI XIII National Symposium. Surakarta, Indonesia : RAPI (Rekayasa, Aplikasi, Perancangan, dan Industri) XIII.
  8. Rahmah, Sukmayati (2012). Pengaruh Hijab Perempuan pada Tata Ruang Rumah Tinggal Muslim. Egalita Jurnal Kesetaraan dan Keadilan Gender, Vol 7 (No 1), 117-131.
  9. Rifqi, M., Antariksa, Suryasari, N. (2014). Posisi Wanita Pada Rumah Tradisional Baanjungan di Banjarmasin. Jurnal Mahasiswa Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya, Vol 2 (No.1).
  10. Sukawi (2010). Wujud Arsitektur Islam pada Rumah Tradisional Kampung Kulitan Semarang. In Seminar Nasional Arsitektur Nusantara. Ternate, Indonesia : Universitas Khairun Ternate.