Developing a Dynamic Model for Sustainable Development in Yogyakarta City

*Didi Nuryadin  -  Policy Studies, Postgraduate School, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Samsubar Saleh  -  Faculty of Economics and Business, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Amirullah Setya Hardi  -  Faculty of Economics and Business, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Evita Hanie Pangaribowo  -  Faculty of Geography, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Received: 26 Feb 2019; Published: 31 Oct 2019.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2019 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development

Citation Format:
Abstract
Developments in Yogyakarta City have driven residents of the city and its outskirts to access available social facilities, such as education, healthcare, and employment. If this continues, various social and urban problems may emerge, including increased population density and traffic congestion. Another implication of this process is decreased environmental carrying capacity as a result of continued use of non-sustainable approaches to development. This, in turn, may lead to increased pollution and difficulty accessing groundwater, thereby negatively affecting the local economy. As such, it is necessary to adopt the principles of sustainable development in the region so that the complex intersections of social, economic, and environmental considerations can be recognized. The system dynamics method is used, as it is a disciplinary approach that is able to fully explore problems that occur in interconnected systems rather than examining incidents partially. As the basis for this model, the causal loop diagram (CLD) model has been applied based on literature studies and field observations. It shows that developments in the tourism and education sectors are the main factors affecting the intersections of social, economic, and environmental considerations. Developments in both sectors have created many employment opportunities and have the potential to increase residents' income. On the other hand, massive investment and development in the tourism sector have had detrimental effects on the environment, including on green spaces and clean water. Furthermore, developments in the tourism and education sectors have also led to increased transportation activities, and thus to increased air pollution.
Keywords
education; sustainable development; system dynamics; tourism

Article Metrics:

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