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The Land Acquisition of Inundated Land for The Toll Road Project of Semarang-Demak Sea Embankment

*Guntur Bagus Pamungkas  -  Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia
Received: 26 Sep 2021; Published: 31 Oct 2021.
Editor(s): A. Artiningsih
Open Access Copyright (c) 2021 The Indonesian Journal of Planning and Development
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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Abstract

Land acquisition process has been viewed as the most challenging phase in the development of road infrastructures in Indonesia. Since the northern coast serves as a vital road corridor to support efficient population mobility and goods transport, the government set to improve the connectivity infrastructure through the construction of toll road project in Semarang-Demak sea embankment (TTLSD). However, the development of toll road infrastructure for public purpose is often complex because it needs acquisition of huge quantity of land whilst land supply is very limited especially located in degraded coastal zones. The study aims to investigate the process of land acquisition in the inundated land which gives impacts on economic and social aspects. To achieve goals and objectives, the research is using mixed methods approach which incorporates quantitative and qualitative research methods and spatial-based analysis technique that utilized geographical information system and remote sensing. The result of this analysis shows that the majority of land parcels (92%) in TTLSD construction project site was inundated lands. This phenomenon results in a slow process of land acquisition because there was no technical laws and regulations to determine the status of flooded land and there was no mechanism of the transfer rights to land in Indonesia. Moreover, acquisition of land was hampered by inappropriate compensation which could not meet community’s expectation and there were no clear land boundaries due to flooded

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Keywords: inundated land; land acquisition; road infrastructure; TTLSD

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