skip to main content

Identitas Budaya Masyarakat Kota: Teater Tradisi di Kota Surabaya Pada Awal Abad XX

*S. Samidi  -  Departemen Ilmu Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Citation Format:
Abstract

This study examines why does Ludruk represent the cultural identity of the people of Surabaya? How does society appreciate the traditional theater, especially in Ludruk in their daily practice? The purpose of this article explains the historical reality of Ludruk art that serves as entertainment and cultural identity. This article using the historical method by relying on historical sources. The result shows that theater traditions that existed and famous in Surabaya at the beginning of the 20th century were Comedy Stambul, Wayang Wong, and Ludruk, then appeared Ketoprak in the late 1930s. The appearance of this theater has been adapted to the tastes of the support community. Comedy Stambul is a theater that originated in India, then spread to Southeast Asia. Comedy Stambul is considered as a hybrid art because it comes from a blend of local cultural elements, while Wayang Wong, Ludruk, and Ketoprak an original art derived from customs and local values. Theater that represents the cultural identity of the people of Surabaya is Ludruk.

Fulltext View|Download
Keywords: Cultural Identity; Performing Arts; Theater Tradition; Ludruk.

Article Metrics:

  1. Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri (2000). Wacana seni dalam antropologi budaya: Tekstual, kontekstual, dan post-modernitas. Dalam H. S. Ahimsa-Putra (Ed). Ketika orang Jawa nyeni. Yogyakarta: Galang Press
  2. Anonim (1953). Propinsi Jawa Timur 1950. Surabaya: Jawatan Penerangan RI Propinsi Jawa Timur
  3. Bende, 7 November 2003
  4. Bintang Hindia, No. 1 Thn. II, 1904
  5. Bintang Hindia, No. 14 Thn. IV, 1 November 1906
  6. Bintang Hindia, No. 17 Thn. III, 1905
  7. Bintang Soerabaia disingkat BS
  8. Bintang Soerabaia, 13 Januari; 21 Maret; 12, 28 April; 4, 24, 25 Mei 1904
  9. Bintang Soerabaia, 2 Juli; 1 Agustus 1921
  10. Bintang Soerabaia, 4 Juli; 20 Agustus 1912
  11. Brandon, J. R. (2003). Jejak-jejak seni pertunjukan di Asia Tenggara. Bandung: P4ST
  12. Cohen, M. I. (2006). The komedie stamboel: popular theater in colonial Indonesia, 1891–1903. Athens: Ohio University Press
  13. Cohen, Matthew Isaac (2001). On the origin of the komedie stamboel popular culture, colonial society, and the parsi theatre movement. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 157 (2): 313-357
  14. De Indische Courant, 17 Juli 1923
  15. Frederick, W. H. (1989). Pandangan dan gejolak: Masyarakat kota dan lahirnya revolusi Indonesia (Surabaya 1926–1946), terjemahan Hermawan Sulistyo. Jakarta: Gramedia
  16. Jaspers, J. E. (1908). Verslag van de derde jaarmarkt-tentoonstelling te Soerabaja. Batavia: Landsdrukkerij
  17. Java Post, 15 Maret 1952
  18. Kayam, Umar (1981). Seni, tradisi, masyarakat. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan
  19. Kurasawa, Aiko (1993). Mobilisasi dan kontrol: Studi tentang perubahan sosial di pedesaan Jawa 1942–1945. Jakarta: Gramedia Widiasarana
  20. Mimbar Kotapraja Pasuruan Nomor ¾, Maret 1957
  21. Mrazek, Rudolf (2006). Engineers of happy land, perkembangan teknologi dan nasionalisme di sebuah koloni. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia
  22. Pandji Poestaka, No. 24 Thn. II, 12 Juni 1924. hlm. 456
  23. Pandji Poestaka, No. 55 Thn. VII, 9 Juli 1929
  24. Panjebar Semangat, No. 16, Thn. VI, 17 Desember 1938;
  25. Panjebar Semangat, No. 45, Thn. VII, 6 Juli 1940; No. 46, Thn. VII, 13 Juli 1940
  26. Peacock, James L. (1967). Comedy and centralization in Java: The ludruk plays", The Journal of American Folklore, 80 (318): 345-356
  27. Peacock, James L. (1968). Ritual, entertainment, and modernization: A Javanese sase. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 10 (3): 328-384
  28. Peacock, James L. (2005). Ritus modernisasi: Aspek sosial dan simbolik teater rakyat Indonesia, terjemahan Eko Prasetyo. Jakarta: Desantara
  29. Perdamaian, 16 Desember 1956
  30. Pewarta Soerabaia, 11 Juli 1916
  31. Pewarta Soerabaia, 14 Maret 1953
  32. Pewarta Soerabaia, 16 Mei 1922
  33. Pewarta Soerabaia, 27 April 1923
  34. Pewarta Soerabaia, 28 Februari 1952
  35. Pewarta Soerabaia, 28 Juli 1923
  36. Pewarta Soerabaia, 30 Juli 1923
  37. Pewarta Soerabaia, 8 Mei 1914
  38. Pisani, J. A. (2004). “Globalisation and cultural transformation: African and South African perspectives”. International Area Review. 7(1): 37-62
  39. Raffles, T. S. (2008). The history of Java. Yogyakarta: Narasi
  40. Retno, "Keluar Masuk Penjara Akibat Main Ludruk," Mutiara, No. 323. 20 Juni–3 Juli 1984
  41. Rosenmann, Amir, Gerhard Reese, and James E. Cameron (2016). Social identities in a globalized world: Challenges and opportunities for collective action. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(2): 202-221
  42. Soeara Asia, 19 November 1943
  43. Soeara Asia, 26 November 1943
  44. Soedarsono, R. M. (2003). Seni pertunjukan dari perspektif politik, sosial, dan ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press
  45. Suara Masjarakat, 27 Februari 1956
  46. Trompet Masjarakat, 20 Juli 1953
  47. von Faber, G. H. (1930). A short history of journalism in the Dutch East Indies. Surabaya: G. Kolff & Company
  48. von Faber, G. H. (1931). Oud Soerabaia: de geschiedenis van Indie’s eerste koopstad van de oudste tijden tot de Instelling van gemeenteraad 1906. Soerabaia: Gemeente Soerabaia
  49. "Den Hoofdambtenaren voor Gemeentenzaken Hoofd van het Kantoor voor Bevolkingszaken," dalam Arsip Kota Surabaya, No. 34.786 Box 2041
  50. "Di Belakang Layar Sandiwara: Ludrug Kesenian Arek Surabaja, Asal-Usul Ludrug," Obor Surabaja, 8 Januari 1952
  51. "Hari kemudian seni drama tari wajang-orang" dalam Java Post, 8 Februari 1955
  52. "Pasar Malam ka 5 di Soerabaia dari Hari Minggoe 1 Augustus sampai Hari Selasa 10 Augustus 1909", Medan Prijaji, No. 26 Thn III, 1909
  53. “Tjerita, Tata Bahasa, Tingkah-Laku, akan Mempertinggi Kesenian Daerah," Pewarta Soerabaia, 30 November 1950
  54. "9e Jaarmarkt Tentoonstelling," Viribus Unitis, 4e Jaargang No. 8, Agustus 1923

Last update: 2021-06-13 15:57:51

No citation recorded.

Last update: 2021-06-13 15:57:51

No citation recorded.