Dari Societeit Concordia Menuju Gedung Merdeka: Memori Kolektif Kemerdekaan Asia-Afrika

*Achmad Sofyan -  Program Studi S2 Ilmu Sejarah, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
Received: 9 May 2019; Revised: 3 Jul 2019; Accepted: 4 Jul 2019; Published: 7 Jul 2019; Available online: 6 Jul 2019.
Open Access
Citation Format:
Article Info
Section: Articles
Language: ID
Full Text:
Statistics: 59 46
Abstract
As a part of the cities in the colonization age, Bandung had a lot of colonial building. The buildings were Gemeente Huis, Gedung Sate, Bandung Technology Institute, Pasteur Institute, Societeit Concordia, and many others building. It cannot be rejected that the colonial architecture always has a concept and meaning related to the structure when it builds. So that, the building had never extinct by the ages. Even though the function of buildings changed as public space, but it still had some memories and histories to remember. Based on that explanation, this paper has a purpose of describing the concept of cities of mind that introduced by Pierre Nora attached on a colonial building Societeit Concordia that led on the name changes as Gedung Merdeka because of political purpose in a declaration of independence by the nation of Asia-Afrika at Bandung. This article is used as the historical method. It analyzes the meaning changes that happened on collective memory after the changes on the name of Gedung Merdeka building
Keywords
Societeit Concordia; Sites of Memory; Merdeka Building; Asia-Afrika Conference; Collective Memory.

Article Metrics:

  1. Anwar, Rosihan (2009). Sejarah kecil petite histoire Indonesia. Jakarta : Kompas.
  2. Asmawi, Bakran (2009). Pesan pembaharuan dari Bandung. Jakarta : LKBN ANTARA.
  3. Budiawan, ed. (2015). Sejarah dan memori: Titik simpang dan titik temu. Yogyakarta: Ombak.
  4. Detik News, 13 April 2015, https://news.detik.com/berita/2885811/ini-alasan-bung-karno-pilih-bandung-untuk-konferensi-asia-afrika/2.
  5. Historia, 23 Februari 2015, https://historia.id/modern/articles/berpesta-di-braga-6lW1P.
  6. Karyono, Tri (2012). “Arsitektur Dunia Ketiga”. Dalam Sinar Harapan 27 April 2012.
  7. Katam, Sudarsono (2014). Gemeente huis. Bandung: Kiblat Buku Utama.
  8. Nora, P. (1989). Between and History: Les Lieux de Memoire. Representation. No. 26: 7-24.
  9. Nurgiansyah, N. F. dan Falah, Miftahul (2017). Gedung Merdeka sebagai objek wisata di Kota Bandung. Patanjala, 9 (1): 127-142
  10. Lasmiyati, L. (2016). Dipati ukur dan jejak peninggalannya di Kecamatan Ciparay Kabupaten Bandung (1627-1633). Petanjala, 8(3): 381-396.
  11. Oesman, Yevis M., Oesman, I. F. (2016) Pandangan masyarakat Kota Bandung terhadap bangunan cagar budaya. Strategic: Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Bisnis, 16(6): 15-20.
  12. Pawitro, U. (2015). ‘Preservasi – Konservasi Bangunan Bersejarah dan Pengelolaan Kawasan Kota Lama’. Simposium Nasional RAPI XIV : A13-A20
  13. Pikiran Rakyat, 6 Februari 2018, http://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/bandung-raya/2018/02/06/gedung-merdeka-dahulu-menghadap-ke-jalan-braga-418956.
  14. Russell, Nicolas (2006). Collective Memory before and after Halbwachs. The French Review, 79 (4) : 792-804.
  15. Shimizu, Naoko (2014). Diplomacy as theatre: Staging the Bandung Conference of 1955. Modern Asia Studies, 48 (1): 225-252
  16. Suganda, Her (2015). Jejak Soekarno di Bandung (1921–1934). Jakarta: Kompas.
  17. Ulum, Nahrul (2017). ‘Ragam Ornamentasi Pada Fasad Bangunan Kolonial di Jalan Groote Postweg, Bandung’. Prosiding Seminar Heritage IPLBI : B 211-218.
  18. Utama, Wildan (2017). Konferensi Asia-Afrika 1955: Asal usul intelektual dan warisannya bagi gerakan global anti imperialism. Tangerang : Marjin Kiri.