ANALISIS FORMAL DAN INFORMAL FISIK PERMUKIMAN TEPIAN SUNGAI KAHAYAN KOTA PALANGKA RAYA

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/tataloka.19.3.206-217

Article Metrics: (Click on the Metric tab below to see the detail)

Article Info
Submitted: 17-05-2017
Published: 29-08-2017
Section: Articles
Tell your colleagues Email the author
Most of the settlement in Indonesia are located along big river. Kampung  Pahandut is one of riverside settlement, thatis to observe in this research. Kampung Pahandut is a first settlement before growth to urban area. Kampung Pahandut is a source of life and ease to access of transport between regions. Research of settlement integration is one of alternative to solve of settlement problem in Indonesia. Settlement consist of: (1) nature; (2) shell/house; (3) network; (4) man; and (5) community. This research only focus on analysis of physical integration (1) nature; (2) shell/house; and (3) network especially natural settlement with the unique of riverside architecture. The objective of this research was to explore the pattern of settlements as an adaptation to the physical environment riverside area and to analyses the physical, economic and social apart of integration of urban riverside settlement. Research method used a combination (mix-used method) based on field observation and quesioner with 50 sample representated on one villages of Pahandut. The results showed there are threevariables that affect to riverside settlement, namely: (1) nature; (2) settlement; and (3) network.. The three variable of the settlement pattern support settlements in those areas riverside towards sustainable development through to riverside area.

Keywords

analysis; integration; physical; formal; informal; settlement; river; kahayan

  1. Noor Hamidah 
    Jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Universitas Palangkaraya
  2. R Rijanta 
    Jurusan Geografi, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  3. Bakti Setiawan 
    Jurusan Arsitektur dan Perencanaan, Fakultas Teknik Universitas Gadjah Mada
  4. Muh. Aris Marfai 
    Jurusan Geografi, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  1. Ditjen Cipta Karya Departemen Pekerjaan Umum Tahun 1983, Standar Kebutuhan Prasarana, Sarana dan Utilitas Kota.
  2. Doxiadis, Constantinos A., 1968. Existics: An Introduction to the Science of Human Settlement. Hutchinson, London.
  3. Groat, L. dan D. Wang. 2000. Architectural Research Methods, John Wiley&Sons, NewYork.
  4. Kementerian Prasarana Permukiman dan Wilayah 2001. Kebijaksanaan dan Strategi Penyelenggaraan Perumahan dan Permukiman 2000-2004.
  5. Keraf, A.S. (2002). Etika Lingkungan. Jakarta: Kompas.
  6. Lee, Y.J. (2008). Subjective quality of life measurement in Taipei. Building and Environment, 43, 1205-1215.
  7. Maclaren, Virginia W 1996. Urban Sustainability Reporting. Journal of the American Planning Association. Vol. 62, No. 2.
  8. Moelong, Lexy J. 2011. Pengantar Metodologi Penelitian, Bandung
  9. Moles, R., et al. 2008. Practical appraisal of sustainable development - Methodologies for sustainability measurement at settlement level. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 28, 144-165.
  10. Perez-Batres, L.A., Miller, V.V., & Pisani, M.J. 2011. Institutionalizing sustainability: an empirical study of corporate registration and comitment to the United Nations global compact guidelines. Journal of Cleaner Production, 19, 843-851
  11. Pratiwo, P. 2005. The City Planning of Semarang 1900-1970, in F. Colombijn, M. Barwegen. Basundoro, P; dan Khusyairi, J. A. 2005. Kota Lama Kota Baru, Ombak, Yogyakarta.
  12. Raharjo, W. 2010. Speculative Settlements: Built Form/Tenure Ambiguity in Kampung Development. In: Dissertation, Melbourne of University, Australia.
  13. Riwut, T. 1979. Kalimantan Membangun, Penerbit Pustaka Jaya, Jakarta.
  14. Satrosasmita. S. 2009. Compact Kampungs: Formal and Informal Integration in the Context of Urban Settlements of Yogyakarta. Journal of Habitat Engineering,Vol. 1 No.1. pp.119-134
  15. Sullivan, John. 1986. "Kampung and State: The Role of Government in the Development of Urban Community in Yogyakarta." Journal of Habitat Engineering, Vol. 41: 63‐88.
  16. UN-Habitat, 2003. Agenda Permukiman Untuk Pengembangan Kualitas Hidup Secara Berkelanjutan.
  17. UU No.4/1992. Undang-undang Republik Indonesia No.4 Tahun 1992 tentang Perumahan dan Permukiman.
  18. UNCHS. 1992. Agenda 21: The Global Strategy for the Year 2000. Nairobi: United Nations Center for Human Settlements.
  19. Winarso, H., Kombaitan, B. 2004. Public Intervantion in The Formal Housing Market in Indonesia: Who Gets the Benefits. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Vol. 15 No.2, Edisi Agustus 2004.
  20. World Bank. 1991. Urban Policy and Economic Development an Agenda for the 1990s Washington. World Bank. (World Bank. 1991 http://www.habitat.com.2006).