ANALISIS DAYA DUKUNG EKOLOGI UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN BUDIDAYA RUMPUT LAUT DI BAGIAN UTARA TELUK BONE

*Taslim Arifin -  Pusat Riset Kelautan Badan Riset & Sumberdaya Manusia Kelautan & Perikanan Kementerian Kelautan & Perikanan, Indonesia
Waluyo Waluyo -  Politeknik Kelautan dan Perikanan, Karawang – BRSDM-KP KKP, Indonesia
Received: 28 Feb 2017; Published: 28 Feb 2018.
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Abstract

Abstract : Waters carrying capacity in seaweed (Eucheuma cottonii) cultures should be a concern for optimum seaweed culture. Carrying capacity can determine by ecological footprint (EF) analysis, which in this research use production footprint. This research on Mei 2015 (1sttransitionalseason) and September 2015 (2ndtransitionalseason) in Luwu and Palopo, South Sulawesi. Map and land use analyzed with  GIS (Geographic Information Systems).The results showed that theecological footprint production (EFP)in Luwu waters is 67.88 ton/capita/year, or equivalent to 235,823.93 tons/year.Based on the analysis of the availability of water for seaweed is 59,781.79 hectares, it can produce seaweed (biocapacity) for 1,437,779.60 tons/year and  the number of farmers that allows for use the waters is  21,432 capita. The ecological footprint  production (EFp) in Palopo waters is 3.08 ton/capita/year, or equivalent to 4,589.99 tons/year. Water availability analysis is 1,771.41 hectares are able to produce seaweed (biocapacity) for  18,287.46 ton/year and the number of farmers that allows for use the waters is 635 farmers capita. The results comparison between biocapacity and ecological footprint, ecological status for  Luwu and Palopo waters are still in sustainable use.


Keywords
seaweed cultivation; ecological footprint; biocapacity; waters carrying capacity

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