Kajian Kapasitas Adaptasi Masyarakat Pesisir Pekalongan terhadap Kerentanan Banjir Rob

*Hilma Qoniana Purifyningtyas  -  PT. Stadia Reka, Semarang, Indonesia, Indonesia
Holi Bina Wijaya  -  Departemen Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Published: 31 Aug 2016.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan

Citation Format:
Pekalongan City is a coastal city vulnerable to tidal flood. There are eight tidal flood prone villages including Pabean and Bandengan villages. Community adaptive capacity requires improvements to dealing with it. This study aimed to assess the adaptive capacity of the coastal communities in Pekalongan against the tidal flood vulnerability. The study employed quantitative method with scoring and descriptive statistical analyses for synthesizing the results. The adaptive capacity was assessed at the levels of individuals, communities and cities. It also measured physical, social, and economic aspects. The results showed that at the individual level the adaptive capacity level of communities in both villages was low. It was caused by the low ability of the communities to fixing their houses. It was also influenced by their education and income levels. At the community level, the level of adaptive capacity was determined by the ability of communities to improve infrastructure. It was also determined by the existence of the organization and their ability to raise funds. At this level, the level of adaptive capacity was moderate. At the city level, the government was able to adapt by providing technology and institution. The community needs to increase the adaptive capacity by improving the ability of the economyin addition tooptimizing the performance of government and non-government organizations.
Keywords: level of vulnerability; adaptive capacity; Pekalongan coastal area

Article Metrics:

  1. Barnes, J., Dove, M. Lahsen, M., Mathews, A., Mcelwee, P., Mcintosh, R., . . . Yager, K. (2013). Contribution of anthropology to the study of climate change. Nature Climate Change, 3, 541-544. doi: 10.1038/nclimate1775
  2. Clarvis, M. H., & Allan, A. (2013). Adaptive capacity in a Chilean context: A questionable model for Latin America. Environmental Science & Policy, 43, 78-90. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2013.10.014
  3. Dolan, A. H., & Walker, I. J. (2004). Understanding vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change related risks. Journal of Coastal Research, 39, 1316-1323
  4. Dutra, L. X. C., Bustamante, R. H., Sporne, I., van Putten, I., Dichmont, C. M., Ligtermoet, E., . . . Deng, R. A. (2015). Organizational drivers that strengthen adaptive capacity in the coastal zone in Australia. Ocean & Coastal Management, 109, 64-76. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.02.008
  5. Engle, N. L. (2011). Adaptive capacity and its assessment. Global Environmental Change, 21(2), 647-656. doi: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.019
  6. Folke, C., Hahn, T., Olsson, P., & Norberg, J. (2005). Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 30, 441-473. doi: 10.1146/annurev.energy.30.050504.144511
  7. Gupta, J., Termeer, C., Klostermann, J., Meijerink, S., van den Brink, M., Jong, P., . . . Bergsma, E. (2010). The adaptive capacity wheel: A method to assess the inherent characteristics of institutions to enable the adaptive capacity of society. Environmental Science & Policy, 13(6), 459-471. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2010.05.006
  8. Handmer, J. W., & Dovers, S. (1996). A typology of resilience: Rethinking institutions for sustainable development. Industrial and Environmental Crisis Quarterly, 9(4), 482-511. doi: 10.1177/108602669600900403
  9. Hardiyawan, M. (2012). Kerentanan wilayah terhadap banjir rob di pesisir Kota Pekalongan. (Tugas Akhir Departemen Geografi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia). Retrieved from http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/20294641-S1707-Mukti%20Hardiyawan.pdf
  10. IPCC. (2001). “Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability.” Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press
  11. IPCC . (2007). “Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability.” A Special Report of Working Group II of the Inter-governmental Pannel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press
  12. Kumalasari, N. R. (2014). Kapasitas adaptasi terhadap kerentanan perubahan iklim di Tambak Lorok, Kelurahan Tanjung Mas Semarang. Jurnal Pembangunan Wilayah dan Kota, 10(4), 476-487
  13. Noson, L. (2002, September). Hazard mapping and risk assessment. Paper presented at The Regional Workshop on Best in Disaster Mitigation, Bali, Indonesia
  14. Satterthwaite, D., Hug, S., Pelling, M., Reid, H., & Lankao, P. R. (2007). Adapting to climate change in urban areas: The possibilities and constraints in low-and middle-income nations. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/10549IIED.pdf
  15. Smit, B., & Pilifosova, O. (2003). From adaptation to adaptive capacity and vulnerability reduction. In: J. B. Smith, R. J. T. Klein, & S. Huq (Eds.), Climate Change, Adaptive Capacity and Development. London: Imperial College Press, London
  16. Williamson, T., Hesseln, H., & Johnston, M. (2010). Adaptive capacity deficits and adaptive capacity of economic systems in climate change vulnerability assessment. Forest Policy and Economics, 15, 160-166. doi: 10.1016/j.forpol.2010.04.003
  17. Yohe, G., & Tol, R. S. J. (2002). Indicators for social and economic coping capacity-moving toward a working definition of adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change, 12(1), 25-40. doi: 10.1016/S0959-3780(01)00026-7

Last update: 2021-04-20 14:04:19

  1. Local government response to the impacts of climate change: a review of climate change strategies in Pekalongan, Central Java, Indonesia

    A Handayani. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 127 (1), 2021. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/724/1/012088

Last update: 2021-04-20 14:04:20

No citation recorded.