Dampak Degradasi Lingkungan Terhadap Potensi Pengembangan Ekowisata Berkelanjutan di Delta Mahakam: Suatu Tinjauan

*Dana Adikusuma  -  Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nasional (STTNAS), Indonesia
Emmy Yuniarti Rusadi  -  Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nasional (STTNAS)
Nurvina Hayuni  -  Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nasional (STTNAS)
Published: 4 Apr 2014.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2014 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan


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Abstract

The aim of this research is formulating the general concepts for ecotourism development based on its environmental degradation on Mahakam Delta. The research method is descriptive-analytic with critically and comprehensively review on several researches done. Those are not only from scientific and technology dimension, but also policy on strategic issues-based regional development. The result of this research is conclude that environmental degradation phenomena in Mahakam Delta was located on critical very high level. It is almoust 80 % of 1000 Km2 of this area. The main factors are consist of land conversion and mining and gas exploitation. The integrated and environmental-friendly solution are required to solve the problems, such as eco-tourism development program. The program was focused on three fundamental principle. Those are consist of conservation values, community involvement and sustainable. It has several inovative concepts to make eco-tourism development success. It also has several indicators for each concepts to explain them. The concepts are consist of policy development, biogeophisical management and sustainable eco-tourism development.

Keywords: Ecotourism; Development; Mahakam Delta; Management; Sustainable

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