Penerapan Sistem Agribisnis Peternakan Kambing Jawa Randu dalam Kerangka Pengembangan Wilayah Kecamatan Karangpucung, Kabupaten Cilacap

*Dewi Norytyas Prihatiningrum  -  Ditjen Pengembangan Perwilayahan Industri, Kementerian Perindustrian, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia
Published: 20 Aug 2013.
Open Access Copyright (c) 2013 Jurnal Wilayah dan Lingkungan


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Abstract

Karangpucung sub-district is centers of Jawa Randu Goats ranch developed by most of the local community. Thet kind of Jawa Randu goats is the result of a cross Jawa goats with Ettawa. The result of Jawa Randu goats ranch having high devotees, not only from local people but also from outside area even outside the province. Consumers of Jawa Randu goats derived from Banyumas, Banjarnegara, Purworejo, Kebumen, West Java and city and the surrounding area. However, development costs during this is only done in a traditional manner that hereditary and some even still are subsistence or only to even support their own, and have not oriented business. Of some of the problems, can be made the formulation of the problem, namely that the activities of the development of "Peternakan Goatie Java Randu" not oriented in a system of agribusiness overall because it still had difficulty in doing downstream off-farm agribusiness subsystem. The purpose of this research is to formulate the implementation of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness  system  within the framework of the Karangpucung sub-district development. The target of this study includes:   the activity of Jawa Randu goats ranch analysis, rural-urban linkage analysis, backward and forward linkage analysis, and analysis of the application of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness system within the framework of the Karangpucung sub- district development. Analysis techniques used covering quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis used by using a calculation method that calculates farming and also feasibility  analysis  of  financial  as  well  as  calculate  the  leather  processing  industry. Whereas qualitative analysis used with a method of descriptive qualitative as well as by the use of a scheme who described the existing conditions of Jawa Randu goats ranch activities. The result from this research is the application level system from the Jawa Randu goats ranch include the upstream activities, cultivation, and supporting institution activity. Calculation of usaha tani is done, the cultivation of goat husbandry is carried out without variation of downstream off-farm agribusiness only income for breeders of Rp 676.875,00 per month, of which only cover daily needs. Whereas the financial feasibility analysis based on variations in the form of lower processing goat leathers be crackers, milk be whole milk, and slaughterhouse animals generated that  revenue  obtained  each  breeder  is  Rp  3.525.565  Usd,19,  Rp  6.623.342,  10  and  Rp 88.692.774,00 per month. If applied agribusiness system in Jawa Randu goat farming will also absorb labor as much as 7,061 people. Analysis of the application of the system of agri-well known that there will be changes to the structure and pattern space Sub Karangpucung and surrounding areas is due to be growing into the SWP IV agropolitan, in accordance with the direction of RTRW of Cilacap Regency in the year 2011-2031. It was concluded that if the system is applied to the Jawa Randu  goats  ranch then  will  develop  Karangpucung sub-district  associated with increased income, labor absorption, the provision of foodstuffs, and physical development of Karangpucung sub-district.

Keywords: agribusiness; ranch; regional development

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