STRATEGI INTEGRASI SISTEM TRANSPORTASI UMUM DALAM MENUNJANG PARIWISATA KOTA YOGYAKARTA

Gilang Rizki Ramadhan, Imam Buchori
DOI: 10.14710/jpk.6.1.84-95

Abstract


The development of Yogyakarta City arises the issue of congestion that might interfere various activities, one of them is tourism activity. This aims at strategizing integration of public transport system for reducing congestion. It seeks an integration strategy of public transport system that can improve accessibility and support tourism in Yogyakarta City based on domestic tourist preference. Using descriptive statistics, service quality (servqual), and importance-performance analysis (IPA), it was revealed that respondents feel less satisfied with the quality of service of integration of public transport system, for which an improvement is needed. This can be done by strategizing integration of public transport system, from the strategy will be known the order of handling priority each variable, i.e. (1) schedule integration, (2) network integration, (3) land use integration, (4) physical integration, and (5) information integration which is done by improving its performance. Furthermore, (6) social integration, (7) environmental integration, and (8) fare and ticket integration which is done by maintaining its performance.


Keywords


Accessibility; Integration of Public Transport System; Congestion; Tourism Development

Full Text: PDF

References


Adisasmita, S. A. (2012). Perencanaan Infrastruktur Transportasi Wilayah. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Yogyakarta. (2016). Kota Yogyakarta dalam Angka 2016. Kota Yogyakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Yogyakarta.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta. (2016). Provinsi DKI Jakarta dalam Angka 2016. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi DKI Jakarta.

Beirão, G., & Cabral, J. A. S. (2007). Understanding Attitudes Towards Public Transport and Private Car: A Qualitative Study. Transport Policy, 14(6), 478-489. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2007.04.009

Cheng, Y.-H., & Chen, S.-Y. (2015). Perceived Accessibility, Mobility, and Connectivity of Public Transportation Systems. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 77, 386-403. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2015.05.003

Chowdhury, S., & Ceder, A. (2016). Users’ Willingness to Ride an Integrated Public-Transport Service: A Literature Review. Transport Policy, 48, 183-195. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.03.007

Cools, M., Moons, E., Janssens, B., & Wets, G. (2009). Shifting Towards Environment-Friendly Modes: Profiling Travelers Using Q-Methodology. Transportation, 36(4), 437-453. doi:10.1007/s11116-009-9206-z

Eboli, L., & Mazzulla, G. (2011). A Methodology for Evaluating Transit Service Quality Based on Subjective and Objective Measures from the Passenger’s Point of View. Transport Policy, 18(1), 172-181. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.07.007

Gray, G. E., & Hoel, L. A. (1979). Public Transportation: Planning, Operations, and Management. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Hidalgo, D. (2009). Citywide Transit Integration in a Large City:The Interligado System of São Paulo, Brazil. Transportation Research Record, 2114(1), 19-27. doi:10.3141/2114-03

Ibrahim, M. F. (2003). Improvements and Integration of a Public Transport System: the Case of Singapore. Cities, 20(3), 205-216. doi:10.1016/S0264-2751(03)00014-3

Kitamura, R. (2009). Life-Style and Travel Demand. Transportation, 36(6), 679-710. doi:10.1007/s11116-009-9244-6

Luk, J., & Olszewski, P. (2003). Integrated Public Transport in Singapore and Hong Kong. Road & Transport Research, 12(4), 41-51.

Martilla, J. A., & James, J. C. (1977). Importance-Performance Analysis. Journal of Marketing, 41(1), 77-79. doi:10.2307/1250495

Middleton, V., & Clarke, J. R. (2001). Marketing in Travel and Tourism. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Miller, M. A. (2004). Assessment of Service Integration Practices for Public Transportation: Review of the Literature. Berkeley: PATH Working Paper.

Miro, F. (2005). Perencanaan Transportasi: untuk Mahasiswa, Perencana, dan Praktisi. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Miro, F. (2012). Pengantar Sistem Transportasi. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Næss, P. (2006). Accessibility, Activity Participation and Location of Activities: Exploring the Links between Residential Location and Travel Behaviour. Urban Studies, 43(3), 627-652. doi:10.1080/00420980500534677

Nielsen, G., Nelson, J. D., Mulley, C., Tenger, G., Lind, G., & Lange, T. (2005). Best Practice Guide 2: Public transport - Planning the Networks (8299011132). Retrieved from Norwegia: http://www.crow.nl/documents/13359.aspx

Owen, W. (1956). The Metropolitan Transportation Problem. Washington DC: Brookings Institution.

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V. A., & Berry, L. L. (1985). A Conceptual Model of Service Quality and Its Implications for Future Research. Journal of Marketing, 49(4), 41-50. doi:10.2307/1251430

Saliara, K. (2014). Public Transport Integration: The Case Study of Thessaloniki, Greece. Transportation Research Procedia, 4, 535-552. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.11.041

Sharaby, N., & Shiftan, Y. (2012). The Impact of Fare Integration on Travel Behavior and
Transit Ridership. Transport Policy, 21, 63-70. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.01.015

Soekadijo, R. G. (1996). Anatomi Pariwisata: Memahami Pariwisata sebagai Systemic Linkage. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Solecka, K., & Żak, J. (2014). Integration of the Urban Public Transportation System with the Application of Traffic Simulation. Transportation Research Procedia, 3, 259-268. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.005

Tamin, O. Z. (2000). Perencanaan dan Pemodelan Transportasi. Bandung: Penerbit ITB.

Warpani, S. P., & Warpani, I. P. (2007). Pariwisata dalam Tata Ruang Wilayah. Bandung: Penerbit ITB.

Yoeti, O. A. (2002). Perencanaan Strategis Pemasaran Daerah Tujuan Wisata. Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Zografos, K., Spitadakis, V., & Androutsopoulos, K. (2008). Integrated Passenger Information System for Multimodal Trip Planning. Transportation Research Record, 2072(1), 20-29. doi:10.3141/2072-03


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pengembangan Kota

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.